World's Major Religions

This list provides information about 16 religions, including their symbols, numbers of adherents, founding places and time, basics of beliefs, practices, holy days, and more.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created February 3, 2017
ReligionOther NamePicture of Religious SymbolName of Religious SymbolNumber of Adherents (in millions) (2012 data)Cultural TraditionFounding PlaceApproximate Founding YearSacred TextBasics of BeliefPracticeHoly DayMajor Denominations
ChristianityCross2200Abrahamic religionMiddle East30 ADBibleThere is only one god whom members call Father as Jesus Christ taught them; Jesus is the son of God; Justification by faith; Trinity; Life after death; Salvation; SaintsBible study; Sunday worship service; Prayer; Baptism; Eucharist; Confirmation; FastingAdvent; All Saints Day; Ash Wednesday; Boxing Day; Christmas; Easter; Epiphany; Good Friday; Lent; Lord's Day; Mardi Gras; Palm Sunday; St. Andrew's Day; St. Patrick's DayCatholicism; Eastern Orthodox Church; Protestantism
IslamStar and Crescent1600Abrahamic religionMiddle East622 ADQuran; Sunnah; HadithAllah is the one and only God; Prophets; Revealed books; Angels; Predestination; Day of Resurrection Testimony; Prayer; Charity; Fasting; Pilgrimage; Recitation and memorization of the QuranAshura; Eid ul Fitr; Lailat al Qadr; Milad un Nabi; Al-Hijra; Eid ul Adha; Lailat al Miraj; Lailat ul Bara'h; RamadanSunni; Shia; Sufism
HinduismOm1100Indian religionIndian Subcontinent1500 BCVedas; Upanishads; Bhagavad GitaBrahman; Dharma; Karma; Samsara; Moksha; AuthorityWorshiping at dawn after bathing; Recitation from religious scripts; Singing devotional hymns; Yoga; Meditation; Chanting mantras; Celebrating rites of passage; PilgrimageDiwali; Hanuman Jayanti; Krishna Janmashtami; Navaratri; Rama Navami; Thaipusam; Varsha Pratipada; Ganesh Chaturthi; Holi; Mahashivratri; Makar Sankranti; Raksha Bandhan; Swaminarayan Jayanti; VaisakhiVaishnavism; Shaivism; Shaktism; Smartism
BuddhismWheel of the Dharma376Indian religionIndian Subcontinent523 BCTripitakaAfterlife; Four Noble Truths; Noble Eightfold Path; Impermanence; Suffering; Non-self; Emptiness; KarmaVenerating the Buddha; The exchange of gifts; Pilgrimage; Ordination; Meditation; Insight; Sacred mandala; Buddhist worship; MonasticismLosar; Vesak; Sangha Day; Dhamma Day; Kathina; ParinirvanaTheravada; Mahayana; Vajrayana
SikhismSikhiKhanda23Indian religionIndian Subcontinent1500 ADGuru Granth SahibThere is only one God Ik Onkar; Honest living and honest work; Community service; Personal dignity and peace; Justice and equality; Religious AuthorityPrayer and meditation on God's name; Services at temple; Baptism; Charitable donations; Community meals; Reflective thought; The Five Ks; Effective use of timeDiwali; Hola Mahalla; Gurpurbs; Vaisakhi; Maghi
TaoismDaoismTaijitu20Chinese religionChina550 BCTao Te Ching; ZhuangziPantheism; Yin-yang (opposites make up a unity); Tao and Te (way and virtue); Wu-wei (nonaction); Chi (air); NaturalnessVegetarian diet; Alchemy; Fortune-telling; Martial arts; Meditation; Recitation; TalismansChinese New Year; Ghost Festival; Mid-Autumn Festival; Lantern Festival; Tomb Sweeping DayReligious Taoism (Daojiao); Philosophical Taoism (Daojia)
SpiritualismSunflower15United States1848 ADThe soul continues to exist after the death of the physical body; Spirit communication; Even after death it is possible for the soul to learn and improve; Infinite intelligence; Personal responsibility for life circumstancesSunday services; Seances and other communication with departed spirits; Spirit healingSyncretism; Spiritualist Church; Psychical Research
JudaismStar of David14Abrahamic religionMiddle East2000 BCTorah; TalmudThere is only one God, who chooses to behave in a way that is both just and fair; Faith of a Community; Family Faith; Living the faith; Faith of actionCircumcision at birth; Bar/bat mitzvah at adulthood; Observing Sabbath; Wearing tallit and tefilin; PrayerHanukkah; Purim; Rosh Hashana; Yom Kippur; Sukkot; Shavuot; ShabbatConservative Judaism; Orthodox Judaism; Reform Judaism
Bahá'í FaithBahaismNine-Pointed Star7Abrahamic religionMiddle East1863 ADKitáb-i-AqdasUnity of God; Unity of religion; Unity in diversityDaily prayer; Avoidance of intoxicants; Scripture reading; Hard work; Education; Work for social justice and equalityNineteen Day Feast; The Birth of the Báb; The Martyrdom of the Báb; The Ascension of Bahá'u'lláh; The Declaration of the Báb; Naw-Rúz; Ridván
JainismJain DharmaJain Emblem4.2Indian religionIndian Subcontinent570 BCJain AgamasThe universe is eternal; Many gods exist; Non-violence; Non-absolutism; Non-attachment; Dravya (substance); Tattva (Reality); Karma; The soul; VitalismVegetarianism; Fasting; Monasticism under the Five Great Vows; Worship at temples and at home; Meditation; PilgrimageDiwali; Mahavir Jayanti; Paryushana; SamvatsariDigambara; Svetambara
Shintokami-no-michiTorii4Japanese religionJapan500 ADKojiki; Nohon ShokiKami (ancient gods or spirits); Animism; Afterlife; Positive view of human natureOmairi (visiting a shrine); Harae (ritual purification); Misogi (water purification); Imi (avoidance); Amulets and talismans; Kagura (ritual dance)Seijin Shiki; Aki Matsuri; Rei-sai; Oshogatsu; Haru Matsuri; ShichigosanJinja (Shrine); Kyôha (Sect); Minzoku (Folk)
CaodaismCao Dai or Dao Cao Dai Divine Eye4Vietnamese religionVietnam1926 ADCanonical Codes; Phap-Chanh-TruyenGod is represented by the Divine Eye; Three-fold revelation; Twelve-fold hierarchy; Salvation by cultivating self and finding God in self; ReincarnationHierarchy similar to Roman Catholicism; Daily prayer; Meditation; Communication with spirit worldHoi Yen Dieu Tri; Tet Nguyen DanTây Ninh Holy See; Chiếu Minh; Bến Tre; Đà Nẵng
ZoroastrianismMazdayasnaFaravahar2.6Iranian religionMiddle East600 BCAvestaThere is only one God called Ahura Mazda; Dualism; Messianism; Heaven and hell; Free will Prayers; Tending the sacred fire; Coming of age rituals; Burial by exposure in the Tower of SilenceGahanbars; Noruz; MehraganThe Avesta; The Younger Avesta
TenrikyoTenriismTenrikyo Emblem2Japanese religionJapan1838 ADOfudesaki Tenri-O-no-Mikoto, the single God, is the creator and caring parent of all human beings; Joyous Life; Reincarnation; Kashimono-karimonoDaily services; Hinokishin; Monthly services; Divine Grant of SazukeSechi Festival
Candomblé2Afro-American religionBrazilBeginning of the 19th CenturyMembers believe in one all powerful God called Oludumaré who is served by lesser deities; Every person has their own individual orixa which controls his or her destiny and acts as a protector; There is no concept of good or badWorship services; Initiation; Various sacrificesFestival of Yemanja; Washing of Bonfim
Unitarian UniversalismUUismFlaming Chalice0.8Liberal religionUnited States1961 ADMembers are free to choose their own personally-favored literature.There are no set beliefs; Seven Principles and Purposes; Six SourcesWorship services; Diversity of practices with an emphasis on civil rights, social justice, equality, and environmentReligious holidays such as Christmas, Passover, and Pagan Winter Solstic; Earth Day; Martin Luther King Jr. Day; Labor Day; Indigenous Peoples Day; Thanksgiving