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World's Greatest Churches

A list of some of the world's most extraordinary churches of various time periods.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created May 28, 2017
COPY & EDIT
FAMILY TREE
NamePictureAlso Known asLocationDenominationStyleYear of GroundbreakingYear of CompletionNote
Basilica of Our Lady of LicheńLicheń Stary, PolandRoman CatholicPostmodern19942004
Borgund Stave ChurchBorgund, NorwayLutheranStave church12th century
Canterbury CathedralCathedral and Metropolitical Church of Christ at CanterburyCanterbury, Kent, United KingdomAnglican (Church of England)Romanesque and Gothic10701077It was founded in 597, and was completely rebuilt from 1070 to 1077. It went through multiple major alterations until 1834.
Cathedral of BrasíliaMetropolitan Cathedral of Our Lady of AparecidaBrasília, BrazilRoman CatholicModern19581970
Cathedral of Saint John the DivineCathedral Church of Saint John: The Great Divine in the City and Diocese of New YorkNew York City, United StatesAnglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)Romanesque Revival and Gothic Revival1892UnfinishedIt is the fourth largest Christian church in the world.
Chartres CathedralCathedral of Our Lady of ChartresChartres, FranceRoman CatholicFrench Gothic, Romanesque, and Flamboyant11451220It houses the Sancta Camisa, which is said to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at Christ's birth.
Church of the Holy SepulchreChurch of the Resurrection; Church of the AnastasisJerusalem, IsraelShared by Greek Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Roman Catholic and othersRomanesque and Baroque10271048The church is believed to be the site of Calvary and the crucification of Jesus.
Church of the NativityBethlehem, PalestineShared by Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Roman Catholic, and Syriac Orthodox Romanesque and Gothic Revival565
Cologne CathedralHigh Cathedral of Saint PeterCologne, GermanyRoman CatholicGothic12481880The cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires.
Florence CathedralCattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore; Il Duomo di Firenze; Cathedral of Saint Mary of the FlowerFlorence, ItalyRoman CatholicItalian Gothic, Renaissance, and Gothic Revival12961436It has the largest brick dome ever constructed.
Hagia SophiaIstanbul, TurkeyGreek Orthodox (before becoming the imperial mosque)Byzantine532537
HallgrímskirkjaChurch of HallgrímurReykjavík, IcelandLutheranModern19451986
Kamppi Chapel"Chapel of silence"Helsinki, FinlandLutheranContemporary2012The church is made of different types of wood such as alder, ash, and spruce.
Las Lajas SanctuaryIpiales, Nariño, ColombiaRoman Catholic Gothic Revival 19161949
Metropolitan Cathedral of Rio de JaneiroCathedral of St. Sebastian of Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro, BrazilRoman CatholicModern19641979
Mexico City Metropolitan CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary into HeavenMexico City, MexicoRoman CatholicBaroque15731813
Milan CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of the Nativity of Saint MaryMilan, ItalyRoman CatholicItalian Gothic13861965It is the largest church in Italy and the fifth largest in the world.
Mont Saint Michel AbbeyMont-Saint-Michel, FranceRoman CatholicGothic10th century1523
Notre-Dame de ParisNotre-Dame Cathedral; Notre-DameParis, FranceRoman CatholicFrench Gothic11631345
Paoay ChurchSan Agustin Church of PaoayPaoay, PhilippinesRoman CatholicEarthquake Baroque16941710
Reims CathedralCathedral of Notre-Dame of Reims; Notre-Dame de ReimsReims, FranceRoman CatholicFrench Gothic12111275It was where the kings of France were crowned.
Rouen CathedralCathédrale Notre-Dame de RouenRouen, FranceRoman CatholicGothic10301880Claude Monet painted more than thirty paintings of the cathedral’s façade.
Sacré-Cœur BasilicaBasilica of the Sacred Heart of ParisParis, FranceRoman CatholicAncient Roman and Byzantine18751914
Sagrada FamíliaBasílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada FamíliaBarcelona, SpainRoman CatholicCatalan Modernism1882Unfinished
Saint Basil's CathedralCathedral of Vasily the Blessed; Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat; Pokrovsky CathedralMoscow, RussiaRussian OrthodoxMix of Russian traditions and Italian elements15551561
Saint Alexander Nevsky Cathedral Sofia, BulgariaBulgarian OrthodoxByzantine Revival18821912
Saint Mark's BasilicaPatriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark; "Church of gold"Venice, ItalyRoman CatholicByzantine and Gothic9781092
Saint Patrick's CathedralCathedral of St. PatrickNew York City, United StatesRoman CatholicGothic Revival 18581878
Saint Paul's CathedralLondon, United KingdomAnglican (Church of England)English Baroque16751697The Old St Paul's was destroyed by the Great Fire of London of 1666.
Saint Peter's BasilicaPapal Basilica of St. Peter in the VaticanVatican CityRoman CatholicRenaissance and Baroque15061626It is the world's largest church building.
Saint Stephen's CathedralStephansdomVienna, AustriaRoman CatholicRomanesque and Gothic11371160
Saint Vitus CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and AdalbertPrague, Czech RepublicRoman CatholicGothic13441929It contains the tombs of many Bohemian kings and Holy Roman Emperors.
Salt Cathedral of ZipaquiráZipaquirá, Cundinamarca, ColombiaRoman CatholicModern19501954It is an underground church built 600 feet down inside the tunnels of a salt mine.
Seville CathedralCathedral of Saint Mary of the SeeSeville, SpainRoman CatholicGothic14011528It is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third largest church in the world.
Siena CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral of Saint Mary of the AssumptionSiena, ItalyRoman CatholicItalian Gothic, Romanesque, and Classical11961348
Sistine ChapelVatican CityRoman CatholicRenaissance14731481It is the site of the Papal conclave, the process by which a new pope is selected. Today it is most famous for its fresco - the Last Judgment by Michelangelo.
United States Air Force Academy Cadet ChapelColorado, United StatesShared by different religionsModern19591962
Washington National CathedralCathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of WashingtonWashington, D.C., United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)Gothic Revival and Tudor Revival 19071990It is the the second largest cathedral in the United States.
Westminster AbbeyCollegiate Church of St Peter at WestminsterLondon, United KingdomAnglican (Church of England)Gothic12451517It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and British monarchs.
Winchester CathedralCathedral Church of the Holy TrinitWinchester, United KingdomAnglican (Church of England)Norman and Gothic10791093
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