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Wonders of the World

Learn fun facts about some famous wonders of the world and put them on your travel list. Where have you been? Where will you go next?
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 31, 2017
WonderPictureLocationContinentYear of ConstructionHistorical PeriodOriginal Purpose
Great Pyramid of GizaGiza Necropolis, EgyptAfrica2560 BCFourth Dynasty of EgyptIt was built as a tomb for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu.
StonehengeAmesbury, United KingdomEurope2400 BCNeolithic Age and Bronze AgeIt might have been built as a burial ground from its earliest beginnings.
Abu Simbel TemplesAswan Governorate, EgyptAfrica1264 BCNineteenth Dynasty of EgyptThey were originally constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh.
Great WallChinaAsia700 BCFrom the Spring and Autumn Period to Ming DynastyIt was built as a series of fortifications to protect China against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe.
Acropolis of AthensAthens, GreeceEurope447 BCGolden Age of AthensIt was built as a citadel (the core fortified area of a city) located on an extremely rocky outcrop above the city of Athens.
PetraMa'an Governorate, JordanAsia312 BCIndigenous Rule in Early AntiquityIt was established as the capital city of the Arab Nabataeans.
Terracotta ArmyXi'an, Shaanxi, ChinaAsia246 BCQin Dynasty It was buried with the emperor as a form of funerary art to protect him in his afterlife.
ColosseumRome, ItalyEurope80 ADFlavian Dynasty of the Roman EmpireIt was built as an amphitheatre for entertainment.
Hagia SophiaIstanbul, TurkeyEurope537 ADByzantine EmpireIt was originally built as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral, but later it was converted to a Catholic cathedral, and then into an imperial mosque.
Chichen ItzaYucatán, MexicoNorth America600 ADLate Classic to Early Postclassic Period of the Maya CivilizationIt was one of the largest cities built by the Maya people.
Angkor WatAngkor, CambodiaAsia1113 ADKhmer EmpireIt was originally built as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu, but later it gradually transformed into a Buddhist temple.
Leaning Tower of PisaPisa, ItalyEurope1173 ADItalian City-States in the Middle AgesIt was built as a freestanding bell tower of the cathedral.
MoaiEaster Island, ChileOceania1250 ADPre-European Contact The statues were carved to represent deceased ancestors, powerful living or former chiefs, and important lineage status symbols.
TimbuktuTimbuktu, MaliAfrica1327 ADMali Empire It was a permanent settlement in West Africa that flourished from the trade in salt, gold, ivory, and slaves.
AlhambraGranada, SpainEurope1333 ADNasrid Dynasty of GranadaIt was built as a palace and fortress complex.
Machu PicchuCuzco Region, PeruSouth America1450 ADInca EmpireIt was probably built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti.
Red SquareMoscow, RussiaEurope1561 ADTsardom of RussiaThe square was meant to serve as Moscow's main marketplace as well as the site of various public ceremonies and proclamations.
Kiyomizu-deraKyoto, JapanAsia1633 ADHeian Period It was built as an independent Buddhist temple.
Taj MahalAgra, Uttar Pradesh, IndiaAsia1643 ADMughal EmpireIt was commissioned by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Potala PalaceLhasa, Tibet, ChinaAsia1645 ADGanden PhodrangOverlaying the remains of an earlier fortress, the palace was originally built as a seat of government for Dalai Lama.
Neuschwanstein CastleFüssen, GermanyEurope1869 ADGerman EmpireIt was a palace commissioned by Ludwig II of Bavaria as a retreat and as a homage to Richard Wagner.
Statue of LibertyNew York City, United StatesNorth America1886 AD19th Century United StatesIt was a gift to the United States from the people of France.
Eiffel TowerParis, FranceEurope1887 ADFrench Third RepublicIt was constructed as the entrance to the 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution.
Christ the RedeemerRio de Janeiro, BrazilSouth America1931 ADFirst Brazilian RepublicThe building of the statue was proposed by the Catholic Circle of Rio, who perceived the society at the time as "Godlessness".
Sydney Opera HouseSydney, AustraliaOceania1959 AD20th Century AustraliaIt was built as a suitable venue for large theatrical productions.
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