Learn about the various tenses used in the English language.
a data set by ms.brown
created June 18, 2017
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|Tense||Other Name||Definition||Examples||Example in a sentence|
|Simple Present||Present Indefinite||When an action is happening at the moment, happens regularly, or happens unceasingly. Use the root verb or add -s or -es to the end.||loves, identify, reaches||She reaches for the glass.|
|Simple Past||Preterite||An action that happened or something that existed before the present. Use -d or -ed at the end of regular verbs to indicate past tense.||spoke, loved, hovered||The bee hovered over the flower.|
|Simple Future||An action that has not happened yet. Use will + root verb.||will speak, will learn, will sleep||I will sleep when I finish my book.|
|Present Continuous||Present Progressive||An action or state that is happening now, an action that may continue into the future, or one that happens frequently. Use a form of the verb "to be" + present participle.||am eating, are walking, is speaking||She is speaking to the judge.|
|Past Continuous||Past Progressive||An action that continued before and after another action. Use was/were + present participle.||was laughing, were giving, was eating||He was laughing while I told the joke.|
|Future Continuous||Future Progressive||An action that will occur in the future and continue for a certain length of time. Use will be + present participle.||will be dodging, will be fighting, will be at||I will be at home until the evening.|
|Present Perfect||An action or stat that occurred at an undefined point in the past or began at some point in the past and continues in the present. Use have/has + the past participle.||has called, have talked, have spent||I have spent all of my money.|
|Past Perfect||Pluperfect||An action that was completed before something else. Use had + past participle.||had spoken, had called, had eaten||Stacie had called me, but I was already gone.|
|Future Perfect||An action that will be completed before another point in the future. Use will have + past participle.||will have done, will have called, will have spent||I will have called her by the time the day is over.|
|Present Perfect Continuous||Present Perfect Progressive||An action or state that began in the past and continues in the present. Use has/have been +present participle.||have been giving, have been walking, have been eating||I have been walking dogs all day.|
|Past Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Progressive||An action that started in the past and continued until another point in the past. Use had been + present participle.||had been eating, had been walking, had been thinking||He had been walking every day before he broke his leg.|
|Future Perfect Continuous||Future Perfect Progressive||An action or state that will continue up until a certain point in the future. Use will have been + present participle.||will have been working, will have been looking, will have been eating||In a few minutes, the dog will have been eating for an hour.|