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The Periodic Table

Dmitri Mendeleev's brilliant insights eventually led to the creation of the Periodic Table - a tabular arrangement of the elements based on their recurring properties. The elements make up our universe - so why shouldn't they make up your study time, too?
a data set by Sugarcane
created October 20, 2015
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FAMILY TREE
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Atomic NumberElement NameSymbolCategoryPictureEtymologyGroupPeriodAtomic Weight (u)Density (g/cm^3)Melting Point (K)Boiling Point (K)Specific Heat Capacity (J/g*K)Electronegativity (Pauling Scale)Abundance (mg/kg) [in Earth's Crust]
1HydrogenHdiatomic nonmetalcomposed of the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'111.0080.0000898814.0120.2814.3042.201400
2HeliumHenoble gasthe Greek helios, 'sun'1814.0026020.00017850.954.225.1930.008
3LithiumLialkali metalthe Greek lithos, 'stone'126.940.534453.6915603.5820.9820
4BerylliumBealkaline earth metalberyl, a mineral229.01218311.85156027421.8251.572.8
5BoronBmetalloidborax, a mineral13210.812.34234942001.0262.0410
6CarbonCpolyatomic nonmetalthe Latin carbo, 'charcoal'14212.0112.267380043000.7092.55200
7NitrogenNdiatomic nonmetalthe Greek nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'15214.0070.001250663.1577.361.043.0419
8OxygenOdiatomic nonmetalfrom the Greek oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'16215.9990.00142954.3690.200.9183.44461000
9FluorineFdiatomic nonmetalthe Latin fluere, 'to flow'17218.9984031630.00169653.5385.030.8243.98585
10NeonNenoble gasthe Greek neos, meaning 'new'18220.17970.000899924.5627.071.030.005
11SodiumNaalkali metalthe English word soda (natrium in Latin)[3]1322.989769280.971370.8711561.2280.9323600
12MagnesiumMgalkaline earth metalMagnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece2324.3051.73892313631.0231.3123300
13AluminiumAlother metalfrom alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)13326.98153852.698933.4727920.8971.6182300
14SiliconSimetalloidfrom the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)14328.0852.3296168735380.7051.9282000
15PhosphorusPpolyatomic nonmetalthe Greek phoosphoros, 'carrying light'15330.9737619981.82317.305500.7692.191050
16SulfurSpolyatomic nonmetalLatin sulphur, 'sulfur'16332.062.067388.36717.870.712.58350
17ChlorineCldiatomic nonmetalthe Greek chloros, 'greenish yellow'17335.450.003214171.6239.110.4793.16145
18ArgonArnoble gasthe Greek argos, 'idle'18339.9480.001783783.8087.300.523.5
19PotassiumKalkali metalNew Latin potassa, 'potash' (kalium in Latin)[3]1439.09830.862336.5310320.7570.8220900
20CalciumCaalkaline earth metalthe Latin calx, 'lime'2440.0781.54111517570.647141500
21ScandiumSctransition metalScandia, the Latin name for Scandinavia3444.9559082.989181431090.5681.3622
22TitaniumTitransition metalTitans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology4447.8674.54194135600.5231.545650
23VanadiumVtransition metalVanadis, an old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja5450.94156.11218336800.4891.63120
24ChromiumCrtransition metalthe Greek chroma, 'color'6451.99617.15218029440.4491.66102
25ManganeseMntransition metalcorrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium7454.9380447.44151923340.4791.55950
26IronFetransition metalEnglish word (ferrum in Latin)8455.8457.874181131340.4491.8356300
27CobaltCotransition metalthe German word Kobold, 'goblin'9458.9331948.86176832000.4211.8825
28NickelNitransition metalfrom Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'10458.69348.912172831860.4441.9184
29CopperCutransition metalEnglish word (Latin cuprum)11463.5468.961357.7728350.3851.960
30ZincZntransition metalthe German Zink12465.387.134692.8811800.3881.6570
31GalliumGaother metalGallia, the Latin name for France13469.7235.907302.914624770.3711.8119
32GermaniumGemetalloidGermania, the Latin name for Germany14472.6305.3231211.4031060.322.011.5
33ArsenicAsmetalloidEnglish word (Latin arsenicum)15474.9215955.7761090 78870.3292.181.8
34SeleniumSepolyatomic nonmetalthe Greek selene, 'moon'16478.9714.8094539580.3212.550.05
35BromineBrdiatomic nonmetalthe Greek bromos, 'stench'17479.9043.122265.8332.00.4742.962.4
36KryptonKrnoble gasthe Greek kryptos, 'hidden'18483.7980.003733115.79119.930.24831×10−4
37RubidiumRbalkali metalthe Latin rubidus, 'deep red'1585.46781.532312.469610.3630.8290
38StrontiumSralkaline earth metalStrontian, a small town in Scotland2587.622.64105016550.3010.95370
39YttriumYtransition metalYtterby, Sweden3588.905844.469179936090.2981.2233
40ZirconiumZrtransition metalPersian Zargun, 'gold-colored';German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'4591.2246.506212846820.2781.33165
41NiobiumNbtransition metalNiobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology5592.906378.57275050170.2651.620
42MolybdenumMotransition metalthe Greek molybdos meaning 'lead'6595.9510.22289649120.2512.161.2
43TechnetiumTctransition metalthe Greek tekhnètos meaning 'artificial'759811.5243045381.9~ 3×10−9
44RutheniumRutransition metalRuthenia, the New Latin name for Russia85101.0712.37260744230.2382.20.001
45RhodiumRhtransition metalthe Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'95102.9055012.41223739680.2432.280.001
46PalladiumPdtransition metalthe then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time105106.4212.021828.0532360.2442.20.015
47SilverAgtransition metalEnglish word (argentum in Latin)[3]115107.868210.5011234.9324350.2351.930.075
48CadmiumCdtransition metalthe New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos125112.4148.69594.2210400.2321.690.159
49IndiumInother metalindigo135114.8187.31429.7523450.2331.780.25
50TinSnother metalEnglish word (stannum in Latin)145118.7107.287505.0828750.2281.962.3
51AntimonySbmetalloidcomposed from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)155121.7606.685903.7818600.2072.050.2
52TelluriumTemetalloidLatin tellus, 'earth'165127.606.232722.6612610.2022.10.001
53IodineIdiatomic nonmetalFrench iode (after the Greek ioeides, 'violet')175126.904474.93386.85457.40.2142.660.45
54XenonXenoble gasthe Greek xenos, 'strange'185131.2930.005887161.4165.030.1582.63×10−5
55CaesiumCsalkali metalthe Latin caesius, 'sky blue'16132.905451961.873301.599440.2420.793
56BariumBaalkaline earth metalthe Greek barys, 'heavy'26137.3273.594100021700.2040.89425
57LanthanumLalanthanidethe Greek lanthanein, 'to lie hidden'6138.905476.145119337370.1951.139
58CeriumCelanthanidethe then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time6140.1166.77106837160.1921.1266.5
59PraseodymiumPrlanthanidethe Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin'6140.907666.773120837930.1931.139.2
60NeodymiumNdlanthanidethe Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'6144.2427.007129733470.191.1441.5
61PromethiumPmlanthanidePrometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans61457.26131532731.132×10−19
62SamariumSmlanthanideSamarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated6150.367.52134520670.1971.177.05
63EuropiumEulanthanideEurope6151.9645.243109918020.1821.22
64GadoliniumGdlanthanideJohan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist6157.257.895158535460.2361.26.2
65TerbiumTblanthanideYtterby, Sweden6158.925358.229162935030.1821.21.2
66DysprosiumDylanthanidethe Greek dysprositos, 'hard to get'6162.5008.55168028400.171.225.2
67HolmiumHolanthanideHolmia, the New Latin name for Stockholm6164.930338.795173429930.1651.231.3
68ErbiumErlanthanideYtterby, Sweden6167.2599.066180231410.1681.243.5
69ThuliumTmlanthanideThule, the ancient name for Scandinavia6168.934229.321181822230.161.250.52
70YtterbiumYblanthanideYtterby, Sweden6173.0456.965109714690.1551.13.2
71LutetiumLulanthanideLutetia, the Latin name for Paris36174.96689.84192536750.1541.270.8
72HafniumHftransition metalHafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen46178.4913.31250648760.1441.33
73TantalumTatransition metalKing Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology56180.9478816.654329057310.141.52
74TungstenWtransition metalthe Swedish tung sten, 'heavy stone' (W is wolfram, the old name of the tungsten mineral wolframite)[3]66183.8419.25369558280.1322.361.3
75RheniumRetransition metalRhenus, the Latin name for the river Rhine76186.20721.02345958690.1371.97×10−4
76OsmiumOstransition metalthe Greek osmè, meaning 'smell'86190.2322.61330652850.132.20.002
77IridiumIrtransition metalIris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow96192.21722.56271947010.1312.20.001
78PlatinumPttransition metalthe Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'106195.08421.462041.440980.1332.280.005
79GoldAutransition metalEnglish word (aurum in Latin)116196.96656919.2821337.3331290.1292.540.004
80MercuryHgtransition metalthe New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')126200.59213.5336234.43629.880.1420.085
81ThalliumTlother metalthe Greek thallos, 'green twig'136204.3811.8557717460.1291.620.85
82LeadPbother metalEnglish word (plumbum in Latin)[3]146207.211.342600.6120220.1291.8714
83BismuthBiother metalGerman word, now obsolete156208.980409.807544.718370.1222.020.009
84PoloniumPoother metalPolonia, the New Latin name for Poland1662099.3252712352.02×10−10
85AstatineAtmetalloidthe Greek astatos, 'unstable'17621075756102.23×10−20
86RadonRnnoble gasFrom radium, as it was first detected as an emission from radium during radioactive decay1862220.00973202211.30.0942.24×10−13
87FranciumFralkali metalFrancia, the New Latin name for France172231.873009500.7~ 1×10−18
88RadiumRaalkaline earth metalthe Latin radius, 'ray'272265.597320100.0940.99×10−9
89ActiniumAcactinidethe Greek aktis, 'ray'722710.07132334710.121.15.5×10−10
90ThoriumThactinideThor, the Scandinavian god of thunder7232.037711.72211550610.1131.39.6
91ProtactiniumPaactinidethe Greek protos, 'first', and actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium7231.0358815.37184143001.51.4×10−6
92UraniumUactinideUranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System7238.0289118.951405.344040.1161.382.7
93NeptuniumNpactinideNeptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System723720.4591742731.36≤ 3×10−12
94PlutoniumPuactinidePluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System724419.84912.535011.28≤ 3×10−11
95AmericiumAmactinideThe Americas, as the element was first synthesized on the continent, by analogy with europium724313.69144928801.130
96CuriumCmactinidePierre Curie, a physicist, and Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist, named after great scientists by analogy with gadolinium724713.51161333831.280
97BerkeliumBkactinideBerkeley, California, where the element was first synthesized, by analogy with terbium724714.79125929001.30
98CaliforniumCfactinideCalifornia, where the element was first synthesized725115.1117317431.30
99EinsteiniumEsactinideAlbert Einstein, physicist72528.84113312691.30
100FermiumFmactinideEnrico Fermi, physicist725711251.30
101MendeleviumMdactinideDmitri Mendeleev, chemist and inventor725811001.30
102NobeliumNoactinideAlfred Nobel, chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer725911001.30
103LawrenciumLractinideErnest O. Lawrence, physicist3726619001.30
104RutherfordiumRftransition metalErnest Rutherford, chemist and physicist4726723.2240058000
105DubniumDbtransition metalDubna, Russia5726829.30
106SeaborgiumSgtransition metalGlenn T. Seaborg, scientist6726935.00
107BohriumBhtransition metalNiels Bohr, physicist7727037.10
108HassiumHstransition metalHesse, Germany, where the element was first synthesized8726940.70
109MeitneriumMtunknownLise Meitner, physicist9727837.40
110DarmstadtiumDsunknownDarmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized10728134.80
111RoentgeniumRgunknownWilhelm Conrad Röntgen, physicist11728228.70
112CoperniciumCntransition metalNicolaus Copernicus, astronomer12728523.73570
113UnuntriumUutunknownIUPAC systematic element name1372861670014000
114FleroviumFlunknownGeorgy Flyorov, physicist147289143404200
115UnunpentiumUupunknownIUPAC systematic element name15728913.570014000
116LivermoriumLvunknownLawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis16729312.9708.510850
117UnunseptiumUusunknownIUPAC systematic element name1772947.26738230
118UnunoctiumUuounknownIUPAC systematic element name1872945.02582630