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The New Deal

The New Deal was the set of federal programs launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt after taking office in 1933 in response to the Great Depression. They lasted until the American entry into World War II in 1942.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created April 12, 2017
ActOther TitlesYear EnactedPurpose
Emergency Banking Relief ActEBRA1933Temporary attempt to stabilize the banking system; allowed the government to issue loans to banks in needs and gave the president power to investigate and regulate banks in times of emergency
Economy ActThe Act of March 20, 19331933Cut the salaries of government employees and reduced benefits to veterans by 15% in order to reduce federal debt
Cullen–Harrison ActBeer Permit Act1933Legalized the sale of beer and wine with an alcohol content of less than 3.2% and raised tax revenue; was eventually replaced by the 21st Amendment
Civilian Conservation CorpsCCC1933The most popular act of the New Deal; sent 250,000 young men to work in reforestation and conservation task; removed surplus of workers from cities, improved health and employability of workers, and provided money for families
Federal Emergency Relief ActFERA1933Provided state assistace to the unemployed and their families; created unskilled jobs in local and state government
Agricultural Adjustment ActAAA1933Raised value of crops by paying farmers subsidies to not plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock, thereby reducing agricultural production; was declared unconstitutional
Tennessee Valley AuthorityTVA1933Provided federal resources to build a series of dams in the Tennessee Valley to prevent flooding and sell electricity
National Employment System ActWagner-Peyser Act1933Established the United States Employment Service (USES) to assisted with state public employment services and help unemployed Americans find work
Home Owners Loan ActHomeowners Refinancing Act1933Created the Homeowners Loan Corporation (HOLC) to provide mortgage assistance to homeowners by refinancing mortgages
National Industrial Recovery ActNIRA1933Created National Recovery Administration (NRA) to enforce codes of fair competition, minimum wages, and to permit collective bargaining of workers; was declared unconstitutional
Public Works AdministrationPWA1933Spent $3.3 billion on public works projects, creating jobs and providing loans to private industries for the creation of large-scale projects; included African-American workers
Glass-Steagall ActFDIC1933Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), which protected bank deposits up to $5000 to prevent bank failures and reassure Americans that their money was safe
Civil Works AdministrationCWA1933A short-term project that provided four million jobs in public works in 1934
Gold Reserve ActGRA1934Changed the price of gold from $20.67 per troy ounce to $35, which increased the amount of money in circulation and helped the economy
Securities and Exchange CommissionSEC1934Supervised the stock market and eliminated dishonest practices
Indian Reorganization ActWheeler-Howard Act1934Decreased government control over American Indian affairs; encouraged self-government and a credit program to foster land purchases, education, and tribal organization; also called the “Indian New Deal”
National Housing ActFHA1934Created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the United States Housing Authority, and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation to make low-interest loans for the construction of low-income housing; lowered forclosure rates
Federal Farm Bankruptcy ActFrazier-Lemke Act1934Limited the ability of banks to repossess farms; was declared unconstitutional
Emergency Relief Appropriation Act1935A large public works program for the jobless; included the Works Progress Administration
Works Progress AdministrationWPA1935Employed 8.5 million workers to carry out public works projects; also employed musicians, artists, writers, actors and directors in arts, media and literacy projects
Resettlement Administration RA1935Relocated and resettled poor urban and rural families who had been displaced; was not very effective and became the Farm Security Administration in 1937
Rural Electrification AdministrationREA1935Provided affordable electricity for isolated rural areas to encourage farmers to bring electricity to farms and to create jobs
National Labor Relations ActWagner Act1935Guaranteed the rights of employees to organize into unions, engage in collective bargaining, and to strike if necessary; barred union-busting tactics of employers
Social Security ActSSA1935Established an insurance and retirement plan for older Americans; instated an unemployment compensation system funded by a federal tax on employers; provided aid to people with disabilities and to families with dependent children
Banking Act1935Made the Federal Reserve Bank more independent from the Executive and Legislative branches; made the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) a permanent government agency
Revenue ActWealth Tax Act1935Raised income taxes on higher income levels; took up to 75% of the highest incomes.
Soil Conservation & Domestic Allotment Act1936Allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to conserve soil and prevent erosion
Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant ActBJFTA1937Ensured that sharecroppers and tenants could remain on their land; provided low-interest loans for tenants to buy family farms
Judicial Procedures Reform BillThe "Court-Packing" Plan1937Proposed that the President should be given the power to add a new Supreme Court justice for every member over the age of 70 ½, up to a maximum of 6; never passed
Housing ActWagner-Steagall Housing Act1937Created the United States Housing Authority (USHA) for the purpose of abolishing slums; provided $500 million in loans for low-cost construction projects for low-income families.
Farm Security AdministrationFSA1937Attempted to relocate poor farmers onto government-owned group farms; developed a famous photography project documenting the challenges of rural poverty
Federal Crop Insurance CorporationFCIC1938 Provided insurance for farmers’ crops; allowed farmers to receive compensation for crops, even if none were grown
Fair Labor Standards ActFLSA1938 Introduced the forty-hour work week, set minimum wage and made it illegal to employ anyone under the age of 16
Hatch ActAn Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities1939Prohibited employees in the executive branch of the federal government--except the president, vice-president, and certain designated high-level officials of that branch--from engaging in some forms of political activity; still applies today
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