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The Civil Rights Movement

Use this dataset to learn about the most significant events leading up to and during the Civil Rights Movement
a data set by WorldExplorer
created May 25, 2017
ImageDateEventOutcomeImportant FiguresLocation
March 6, 1857Dred Scott v. SanfordThe U.S. Supreme Court denies African-Americans citizenship and constitutional rightsDred ScottMissouri
January 1, 1863Emancipation ProclamationFrees slaves living in the ConfederacyPresident Abraham LincolnConfederate United States
December 6, 1865The 13th AmendmentAbolishes slavery in the United StatesPresident Abraham Lincoln, Rep. James Mitchell AshleyWashington, D.C.
July 9, 1868The 14th AmendmentGrants citizenship, due process and equal protection under the law to African-AmericansPresident Andrew Johnson, Rep. John BinghamWashington, D.C.
February 3, 1870The 15th AmendmentGrants African-Americans, including former slaves, the right to votePresident Ulysses S. GrantWashington, D.C.
May 18, 1896Plessy v. FergusonThe U.S. Supreme Court upholds state segregation and Jim Crow laws under the doctrine "separate but equal."Attorney General Milton Joseph CunninghamNew Orleans, Louisiana
February 12, 1909NAACP foundedThe National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded by activists in New YorkIda Wells-Barnett, W.E.B. DuBoisNew York City, New York
May 17, 1954Brown v. Board of EducationThe Supreme Court rules that segregation in public schools is unconstitutionalThurgood MarshallTopeka, Kansas
August 27, 1955Emmett Till's MurderEmmett Till, a 14-year old boy, is lynched by a group of white men; they are acquitted by an all-white juryEmmett TillMoney, Mississippi
December 1, 1955Montgomery Bus BoycottRosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger; the Montgomery black community begins a year-long bus boycott in responseRosa ParksMontgomery, Alabama
February 14, 1957SCLC foundedThe Southern Christian Leadership Conference is established, becoming a major organizer for the civil rights movementMartin Luther King, Jr.Atlanta, Georgia
September 2, 1957Little Rock Integration CrisisNine African-American students are prevented from going to school by the governor of Arkansas; the 101st Airborne division of the army is deployed by the President to enforce desegregation and allow the students to attendGovernor Orval Faubus, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Little Rock, Arkansas
February 1, 1960Greensboro Sit-insFour black university students begin a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter; triggers similar nonviolent protests throughout the South Ezell A. Blair, Jr., David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, and Franklin McCainGreensboro, North Carolina
March 6, 1960Executive Order 10925President Kennedy issues an executive order prohibiting discrimination in federal government hiring on the basis of race, religion or national origin; also establishes The President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity, the EEOCPresident John F. KennedyWashington, D.C.
August 28, 1963March on WashingtonMore than 250,000 people join in the March on Washington; Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.Martin Luther King, Jr.Washington, D.C.
January 23, 196424th AmendmentThe 24th Amendment is ratified, prohibiting the poll tax which was used in several states to deny African-Americans the right to votePresident Lyndon B. JohnsonWashington, D.C.
May 4, 1964Freedom SummerThe Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) launches a massive effort to register black votersRobert Parris MosesMississippi
July 2, 1964Civil Rights Act of 1964Congress passes a landmark civil rights that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national originPresident Lyndon B. JohnsonWashington, D.C.
February 21, 1965Malcolm X's AssassinationMalcom X, a renowned black nationalist leader, is assassinated. X had famously spoken of the need for black freedom "by any means necessary."Malcolm XManhattan, New York
March 7, 1965Bloody SundayLawmen violently attack peaceful demonstrators who were partcipating in the Selma to Montgomery marches in support of voting rightsJohn LewisSelma, Alabama
June 12, 1967Loving v. VirginiaThe Supreme Court rules that prohibiting interracial marriage is unconstitutionalPresident Lyndon B. JohnsonVirginia
August 30, 1967First African-American Supreme Court JusticeSenate confirms Thurgood Marshall as the first African-American Justice in the U.S. Supreme CourtThurgood Marshall, President Lyndon B. JohnsonWashington, D.C.
April 4, 1968MLK's AssassinationRev. Martin Luther King Jr. is shot by escaped convict James Earl Ray as he was standing on the balcony outside his hotel room at the Lorraine MotelMartin Luther King, Jr.Memphis, Tennessee
April 11, 1968Civil Rights Act of 1968Congress passes an act prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental and financing of housingPresident Lyndon B. JohnsonWashington, D.C.
June 28, 1978Regents of the University of California v. BakkeUpholds affirmative action, allowing race to be one of several factors in college admission policy; racial quotas are determined impermissibleAllan BakkeDavis, California
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