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The American Revolution

Use this dataset to learn about the most important events leading up to and during the American Revolution.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created May 24, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
ImageDateEventImpactImportant FiguresVictorLocationAmerican CasualtiesBritish Casualties
February 10, 1763Treaty of Paris (1763)Ends the Seven Years' War; France cedes all its North American land holdings east of the Mississippi to the BritishJohn RussellGreat BritainParis, France
October 7, 1763Proclamation of 1763Prohibits Americans from settling west of the Appalachian mountains, angering colonists who helped the British acquire that land during the Seven Years' WarKing George IIILouisiana, Florida, the Midwest
April 5, 1764Sugar ActIncreases taxes on non-British products, while colonial exports pass through British customs; further angers colonistsGeorge GrenvilleBritish America and the British West Indies
March 22, 1765Stamp ActRequires many printed materials to be produced on a taxed stamped paper; incites colonial oppositionGeorge GrenvilleBritish America and the British West Indies
May 15, 1765Quartering ActRequires local governments in the colonies to provide food and housing for British soldiers stationed thereGeneral Thomas GageBritish America and British West Indies
October 7, 1765Stamp Act CongressRepresentatives from 9 of the 13 colonies gather and declare the Stamp Act unconstitutional, as it is "Taxation without representation"John DicksinsonNew York
March 18, 1766Declaratory ActRepeals the Stamp Act, yet declares that Great Britain has a right to tax the colonies.Charles Watson-WentworthBritish America and the British West Indies
June 29, 1767Townshend ActsDuties are placed on tea, glass, lead, paper and paint to help pay for the administration of the colonies; colonial assemblies formCharles TownshendBritish America and the British West Indies
October 1, 1768Arrival of the BritishA group of British regulars arrived in Boston, MA to maintain order; tensions mound between the British and the civiliansBritish America and the British West Indies
March 5, 1770Boston MassacreAfter being harassed by a mob of colonists, British soldiers shoot and kill five colonists; spurs calls for independenceCrispus AttucksMassachusetts
June 9, 1772The Gaspee AffairThe Gaspee, a British ship whose officials enforce trade regulation, is burnt by locals in Rhode IslandAbraham Whipple, John BrownRhode Island50
May 10, 1773Tea ActParliament exempts tea from import duties and allows the East India Company to sell its tea directly to the colonies; further stirs up American resentmentLord NorthBritish America and the British West Indies
July 1773Hutchinson Letters AffairThomas Hutchinson, the governor of Massachusetts, publishes a series of letters advocating the "great restraint of natural liberties."Thomas HutchinsonMassachusetts
December 16, 1773Boston Tea PartyAngry at the Tea Act, Americans dress up as Mohawk Indians and throw £9000 worth of tea into the Boston harborSamuel Adams, Paul RevereMassachusetts
March 31, 1774Boston Port ActThe first of the "Intolerable Acts"; closes the Boston Port to all shipsLord NorthMassachusetts
May 20, 1774Administration of Justice ActOne of the "Intolerable Acts"; protects British officials charged with capital offensesLord NorthBritish America and the British West Indies
May 20, 1774Massachusetts Government ActOne of the "Intolerable Acts"; gives the royally-appointed governor of Massachusetts wide-ranging powers and took away the right to town meetings without consentLord NorthMassachusetts
June 2, 1774Quartering Act of 1774One of the "Intolerable Acts"; applies to all the colonies and reiterates the previous Quartering ActLord NorthBritish America and the British West Indies
June 22, 1774Quebec ActOne of the "Intolerable Acts"; expands the province of Quebec in the Midwest and angers Americans who felt they had fought for that land.James MurrayQuebec
September 5, 1774First Continental CongressDelegates from twelve of the Thirteen Congress meet for a month to discuss the Intolerable Acts; pledge to boycott British goods.Samuel Adams, John Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington, John Jay, among othersPennsylvania
March 23, 1775Patrick Henry's SpeechPatrick Henry gives his famous patriotic speech, declaring "Give me liberty or give me death!"Patrick HenryVirginia
April 19, 1775Battles of Lexington and ConcordPaul Rever warns Minute Men of incoming British attack aiming to destroy rebel supplies; first shots of the war are exchanged. "The shot heard around the world."Paul ReverePatriotsMassachusetts7349
June 17, 1775Battle of Bunker HillFirst major battle in the War of Independence; the British dislodge American forces around BostonWilliam PrescottGreat BritainMassachusetts4501,054
July 5, 1775Olive Branch PetitionCongress asks for the recognition of American rights and the ending of the Intolerable Acts in exchange for a cease fire; it is rejectedJohn Dickinson, King George IIIPennsylvania
December 31, 1775Battle of QuebecBenedict Arnold leads American forces to sieze Quebec; first major American defeat of the warBenedict ArnoldGreat BritainQuebec505
January 10, 1776Common Sense is publishedThomas Pain anonymously writes a pamphlet advocating support for American independenceThomas PaineNew York
July 4, 1776Declaration of IndependenceThe Second Continental Congress adopts a statement announcing the independece of the Thirteen Colonies from the British throne.Thomas Jefferson, et. al.Pennsylvania
August 27, 1776Battle of Long IslandThe British take control of New York City; largest battle of the warGeorge WashingtonGreat BritainNew York2,000388
November 16, 1776Battle of Fort WashingtonOne of the worst Patriot defeats; The Continental Army is chased out of New York and New JerseyGeorge WashingtonGreat BritainNew York5984
December 26, 1776Battle of TrentonSignificantly boosts Patriot moraleGeorge WashingtonPatriotsNew Jersey222
January 3, 1777Battle of PrincetonFurther boosts Patriot morale and encourages more Americans to enlist in the armyGeorge Washington, Alexander HamiltonPatriotsNew Jersey44280
October 7, 1777Battle of SaratogaBritish surrender 5,700 troops at Saratoga; encouraged the French to enter to war in alliance with the AmericansHoratio Gates, Benedict ArnoldPatriotsNew York90440
February 6, 1778Franco-American AllianceFrance recognizes America's independence and provides supplies for the American causeBenjamin FranklinParis, France
June 28, 1778Battle of MonmouthAfter camping for six months at Valley Forge, the Continental Army forces the British to withdraw to New YorkGeorge Washington, Marqios de LafayetteInconclusiveNew Jersey6965
April 12, 1779Treaty of AranjuezSpain joins France against the BritishArthur LeeSpain
October 7, 1780Battle of Kings MountainStops the British invasion of North CarolinaWilliam CampbellPatriotsSouth Carolina28290
March 1, 1781Articles of ConfederationAn agreement between the Thirteen Colonies that becomes their first constitution; designed to preserve soverignty of the statesJohn DickinsonPennsylvania
September 5, 1781Battle of the ChesapeakeFrench achieve control of the sea lanes in the Chesapeake BayThomas GravesFrance/PatriotsVirginia22090
September 29, 1781Siege of YorktownAfter two weeks of fighting, 7,000 British soldiers are captured; the British surrender and peace negotiations beginGeorge Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Marquis de Lafayette, Lord CornwallisFrance/PatriotsVirginia88142
September 3, 1783Treat of Paris (1783)Ends the Revolutionary War; Britain recognizes the United States as a soverign nationKing George III, Benjamin Franklin, John AdamsParis, France
August 31, 1786 – June 1787Shay's RebellionFormer soldiers of the Revolutionay War organize protests against high taxes; inspires a revision of the Articles of ConfederationDaniel ShayAmerican GovernmentMassachusetts
May 25, 1787Constitutional ConventionOver four months, delegates rewrite the Articles of Confederation to form the U.S. Constitution; sets the structure of the U.S. governmentAlexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, et. al.Pennsylvania
June 21, 1788Ratification of the ConstitutionNine states approved of the Constitution; government begins in March 1789Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, et. al.Pennsylvania
April 30, 1789George Washington becomes PresidentThe Electoral College unanimously elects George Washington as President; John Adams becomes the Vice PresidentGeorge Washington, John AdamsNew York
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