Learn about commonly used rhetorical devices.
a data set by ms.brown
created May 19, 2017
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Device and Example Matching
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|Alliteration||A series of words with the same beginning letter sound.||For emphasis; to create an emotional reaction related to the repeated sound.||"the Furrow Followed Free…"|
|Allusion||Reference to a historical or literary figure or event.||Apply a symbolic meaning.||The world opened up like the Garden of Eden before me.|
|Amplification||Extension of a phrase or sentence.||Further explain, exaggerate, or emphasize.||I believe I am sick. VS I believe I am sick for my throat is sore, and I have a fever. I have no appetite and the smell of food makes me nauseous.|
|Analogy||Comparison of two things which are alike in some ways.||Clarify unfamiliar ideas or references.||"The white mare of the moon rush along the sky / Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens."|
|Anaphora||Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive units of speech.||Lend emphasis to the successive clauses.||"In every cry of every man, / In every infant's cry of fear, / In every voice, in every ban, / The mind-forged manacles I hear"|
|Antiphrasis||Use of a word in a way that is opposite of its generally accepted meaning.||Create a humorous or ironic effect.||(About a coward) "Look at this brave man!"|
|Antithesis||Juxtaposition of contrasting ideas through parallelism.||Emphasize the difference between two ideas.||"We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools."|
|Assonance||Repetition of similar or identical vowel sounds.||Emphasize mood or imagery.||"That solitude which suits abstruse musings"|
|Asyndeton||Deliberately leaving out conjunctions in a series of clauses.||Push forward with energy.||"I came, I saw, I conquered."|
|Epizeuxis||Consecutive repetition of a word.||Emphasis.||Run, run, run!|
|Ethos||Appeal to morals or principles.||Convince audience of the speaker's good character.||As a doctor, I can verify these findings.|
|Euphemism||Substitution of a less offensive or more agreeable expression for one which might be too harsh.||Convey an idea through more pleasant means.||Downsize instead of fire|
|Hyperbole||Exaggeration.||Create a grand effect by overemphasizing a point.||I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.|
|Irony||A form of speech in which the surface meaning and underlying meaning are different.||Ridicule an idea.||(During a thunderstorm) "Nice weather we're having!"|
|Logos||Appeal to logic.||Convince audience through logic or reason.||Based on the evidence, you the jury must convict the defendant.|
|Metaphor||Comparison of two objects.||Help the audience understand a concept through comparison.||"All the world's a stage"|
|Metonymy||Use of a related thing or concept to refer to another thing or concept.||Give more profound meanings to common ideas.||"The pen is mightier than the sword."|
|Onomatopoeia||Use of words that emulate a sound.||Makes sound descriptions more interesting and expressive.||Bang! Pop! Kaboom!|
|Oxymoron||Combination of contradictory terms.||Comedic or dramatic effect.||Jumbo shrimp|
|Parallelism||Use of words or phrases with similar structures.||Persuade through created balance and rhythm.||Like father, like son.|
|Pathos||Appeal to emotion.||Convince audience by creating an emotional response.||As a member of this community, I feel obligated to pursue safety first.|
|Simile||Comparison of two objects that uses "like" or "as."||Help the audience understand a concept through comparison.||As brave as a lion|
|Synecdoche||Reference to a thing by one of its parts.||Give more profound meanings to common ideas.||Those are some nice wheels. (In reference to a car)|
|Understatement||Presentation of an object or idea as being smaller or less important that it actually is.||For humor and to ease the truth.||The bomb was a bit noisy.|