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PSAT Vocabulary

This data set includes a selection of vocabulary words with definitions, parts of speech and sentences.
a data set by ms.brown
created March 19, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
WordDefinitionSentenceSentence with BlankNew Sentence with BlankPart of Speech
absolveto grant remission or forgiveness of a sinHe will be absolved of any crimes he committed.He will be _______ of any crimes he committed.She went to her family's church to try to _______ herself of her sins.verb
acrimonya rough and bitter mannerWe could avoid the acrimony of this situation altogether by agreeing to disagree on the issue.We could avoid the _______ of this situation altogether by agreeing to disagree on the issue.The _______ between them ruined their friendship.noun
amenabledisposed or willing to complyIs this contract set in stone or is it amenable to change?Is this contract set in stone or is it _______ to change?The test date is _______ to change depending on how much we get done in class.adjective
banalrepeated too often; overfamiliar through overuseI was bored to death because of his banal conversation.I was bored to death because of his _______ conversation.Mandy couldn't stand Bob's _____ talk about his travels in Mexico.adjective
candorthe quality of being honest and straightforwardJack won the jury over with the candor of his testimony.Jack won the jury over with the _______ of his testimony.Mark's _______ is one of his best traits; because of it, we know we can trust him.noun
caricaturea representation of a person exaggerated for comic effectWhen the cartoonist drew a caricature of himself, everyone knew he would make fun of anyone.When the cartoonist drew a _______ of himself, everyone knew he would make fun of anyone.The politician did not appreciate the _______ drawn of him and could not see the fun in it.noun
circumspectheedful of potential consequencesIn the future, we must be circumspect toward those who offer us riches for nothing in return.In the future, we must be _______ toward those who offer us riches for nothing in return.Mandy was _____ about putting her information on the internet.adjective
coalescefuse or cause to come togetherThe group began to coalesce around the plan.The group began to _____ around the plan.If you expect everyone to _____, you'll need to make some compromises.verb
corroborategive evidence forIf his words are not enough, the evidence will corroborate his claim.If his words are not enough, the evidence will _______ his claim.Alex's sister did not _______ his claims that she had stolen his cookies.verb
congenialsuitable to your needsMark is a congenial host who always makes everyone feel welcome.Mark is a _______ host who always makes everyone feel welcome.Vi accepted that Ethan was not the most _______ host and didn't offer her a drink when she came in.adjective
curtailterminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper endIt was very important for me to curtail the meeting as it was getting late.It was very important for me to _______ the meeting as it was getting late.Tyler had to _______ his work day in order to leave for his brother's wedding.verb
dearthan insufficient quantity or numberThe test scores revealed a dearth of comprehension.The test scores revealed a _______ of comprehension.His ______ of kindness towards Kathryn was upsetting to her.noun
debilitatemake weakDetermined to continue forward, he would not let the injury debilitate him.Determined to continue forward, he would not let the injury _______ him.After having the flu for a few days, Ethan was determined to not let it _______ him any longer.verb
decorouscharacterized by propriety and dignity and good tasteIf the students are not decorous at the dance, they will be asked to leave.If the students are not _______ at the dance, they will be asked to leave.Tyler was very _______ at the party and greeted everyone kindly.adjective
decryexpress strong disapproval ofI decry human rights abuses.I _______ human rights abuses.Mark will _______ disrespect towards people, no matter who they are.verb
deferencecourteous regard for people's feelingsIf you treat others with deference, then people will respect you back.If you treat others with _______, then people will respect you back.Ethan tries to treat everyone with ______, even when he's having a bad day.noun
demeanreduce in worth or character, usually verballyThe school bully tried to demean the poor girl by making fun of her used clothes.The school bully tried to _______ the poor girl by making fun of her used clothes.Kathryn would not let her abusive boyfriend _______ her any longer.verb
deploreexpress strong disapproval ofTeachers deplore student behaviors that distract from lectures.Teachers _______ student behaviors that distract from lectures.The teachers _______ the girls who cut class.verb
derisionthe act of treating with contemptI can tell that she was not sincere from the derision in her voice.I can tell that she was not sincere from the _______ in her voice.Amy's _______ towards Tyler's problems showed that she did not care.noun
derivativea compound obtained from another compoundBecause the film is a derivative of a novel, it cannot be entered into the original screenplay competition.Because the film is a _______ of a novel, it cannot be entered into the original screenplay competition.Many people believe that movies that are _______ of books are not as good as the original stories.noun
didacticexcessively instructiveWhile the professor’s lectures were designed to be didactic, they only served to confuse the students.While the professor’s lectures were designed to be _______, they only served to confuse the students.The _______ intructions only confused the students more.adjective
diffidentshowing modest reserveGeorge was a diffident student who never stood up to his bullies.George was a _______ student who never stood up to his bullies.Ethan was very _______ about his work and was very modest when he received praise.adjective
discordlack of agreement or harmonyTheir relationship was fraught with discord because they lacked communication skills.Their relationship was fraught with _______ because they lacked communication skills._______ between the children caused ther parents to ground them for a week.noun
disparageexpress a negative opinion ofIt is never right to disparage people based on ethnicity.It is never right to _______ people based on ethnicity.Tyler would _______ those who plagarized others' work and passed it off as their own.verb
dissipatecause to separate and go in different directionsThe fog will eventually dissipate and allow us to view the path ahead.The fog will eventually ________ and allow us to view the path ahead.The mist on the window finally _______ and allowed the boys to see outside.verb
docileeasily handled or managedThe wild dog was far from docile.The wild dog was far from _______.The old cat was very _______ and let the kids pet him as much as they liked.adjective
eclecticselecting what seems best of various styles or ideasMy friends are an eclectic group of individuals who can rarely agree on a single topic.My friends are an _______ group of individuals who can rarely agree on a single topic.Sean preferred an _______ assort,ent of clothing rather than a daily uniform.adjective
ephemeralanything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a dayBecause of her ephemeral memory, she forgets things all the time.Because of her _______ memory, she forgets things all the time.I'm afraid this warmth is _____ since it's still February.adjective
espousechoose and follow a theory, idea, policy, etc.Although most scientists espouse the Big Bang Theory for the beginning of the universe, there is still no absolute proof of how we got here.Although most scientists _______ the Big Bang Theory for the beginning of the universe, there is still no absolute proof of how we got here.Many scientists _______ the new theory as true.verb
exoneratepronounce not guilty of criminal chargesThe job of the defense attorney is to exonerate his clients and keep them out of jail.The job of the defense attorney is to _______ his clients and keep them out of jail.The lawyer tried her best to _______ the murderer, but it was nearly hopeless.verb
fallaciouscontaining or based on incorrect reasoningThe securing of riches is a fallacious achievement, for often wealth perishes by some accident.The securing of riches is a _______ achievement, for often wealth perishes by some accident.The _____ argument was quickly proved wrong.adjective
farcea comedy characterized by broad satireThere was no character development, but the comedy did make for an entertaining farce.There was no character development, but the comedy did make for an entertaining _______.The movie was a complete _______, showing how silly the politicians were.noun
fastidiousgiving careful attention to detailThe devoted fans of the science fiction show were fastidious in terms of plot development.The devoted fans of the science fiction show were _______ in terms of plot development.Kathryn was up all night being very _______ about her essay, making sure every piece was correct.adjective
fawningattempting to win favor by flatteryThe beauty contestants are always fawning over the male judges.The beauty contestants are always _______ over the male judges._______ over people is not the most reliable method to getting your way.adjective
flippantshowing inappropriate levityThe student’s flippant actions towards the teacher got him suspended from school.The student’s _______ actions towards the teacher got him suspended from school.Wade's ________ attitude towards his friends caused them to not want to invite him to parties anymore.adjective
garrulousfull of trivial conversationBecause Jake is garrulous, asking him to keep a secret is impossible.Because Jake is _______, asking him to keep a secret is impossible.Amy is a very reserved person, and doesn't have even the slightest reputation of being _______.adjective
frivolousnot serious in content or attitude or behaviorStudents who consider test instructions to be frivolous often fail exams.Students who consider test instructions to be _______ often fail exams.Kayla thought that schoolwork was _______ and barely passed her classes.adjective
gluttonousgiven to excess consumption of food or drinkGluttonous customers had pracically emptied the all-you-can-eat buffet._______ customers had practically emptied the all-you-can-eat buffet.Jack was _______ when it came to his best friend's cooking.adjective
hackneyedrepeated too often; overfamiliar through overuseEventually, the phrase became so hackneyed that people stopped saying it.Eventually, the phrase became so _______ that people stopped saying it.The _______ phrase was getting to be so annoying that people stopped using it all together.adjective
iconoclasticcharacterized by attack on established beliefsHe could afford to be iconoclastic, largely unburdened by the demands of ideology as he experimented with policy solutions.He could afford to be _______, largely unburdened by the demands of ideology as he experimented with policy solutions.The church leader had very _______ ideas about the religion's views.adjective
immutablenot subject or susceptible to change or variationBecause we can vote for change in our country, there are no laws that are immutable.Because we can vote for change in our country, there are no laws that are _______.Once Tyler makes up his mind, he is completely _______ and no one can change his ideas.adjective
incongruitythe quality of disagreeingThe incongruity of her statement was absurd.The _______ of her statement was absurd._______ between the friends led to an argument that lasted for days.noun
innatepresent at birth but not necessarily hereditaryPenguins are born with the innate inclination to live together.Penguins are born with the _______ inclination to live together.Nate's _______ talent of singing was evident even before he could talk.adjective
ingratea person who shows no gratitudeWhen you do not appreciate your gifts, you are being an ingrate.When you do not appreciate your gifts, you are being an _______.Wade is an _______ who doesn't thank his friends for anything.noun
ingenuouslacking in sophistication or worldlinessThe ingenuous girl still believed in Santa Claus.The _______ girl still believed in Santa Claus.Dorothy, who had traveled to many places in the world, was the opposite of _______.adjective
languidlacking spirit or livelinessThe _____ students did not participate in the pep rally.The _____ students did not participate in the pep rally.Ethan, who is usually very energetic, is perceived as _______ whenever he's not shouting.adjective
larcenythe act of taking something from someone unlawfullyLarceny should never be acceptable in a civilized society._______ should never be acceptable in a civilized society.James commited _______ when he took a few dollars from his sister without asking first.noun
meekhumble in spirit or mannerAlthough the meek girl knew the answer to the teacher’s question, she was too nervous to raise her hand.Although the _______ girl knew the answer to the teacher’s question, she was too nervous to raise her hand.Ed is not _______ on stage, but when it comes to talking face to face, he has trouble finding words to say.adjective
mutabilitythe quality of being capable of mutationThe mutability of the English language is extensive, as it never stops changing.The _______ of the English language is extensive, as it never stops changing.The _______ of her mood made people act very carefully around her.noun
nonchalancethe trait of remaining calm and seeming not to careTyler's nonchalance during the interview allowed him to keep a straight face the entire time.Tyler's _____ during the interview allowed him to keep a straight face the entire time.Though usually very outspoken, Matt's _____ about the movie was unusual.noun
outmodedout of fashionThe outmoded computer barely worked anymore.The _______ computer barely worked anymore.The phone was very _______ and the new updates would only slow it down.adjective
pedanticmarked by a narrow focus on or display of learningKathryn couldn’t stand her geometry class, because her teacher was pedantic about the exact color coded system of pens the students had to use.Kathryn couldn’t stand her geometry class, because her teacher was _______ about the exact color coded system of pens the students had to use.The _______ way the teacher taught history made the class not like her very much.adjective
perjurycriminal offense of making false statements under oathThe witness committed perjury when she lied in her testimony.The witness committed _______ when she lied in her testimony.Although he swore to tell the truth, he still commited ______ when giving his testimony.noun
pervasivespreading or spread throughoutAmy tries to stay inside during the springtime because the pollen is pervasive.Amy tries to stay inside during the springtime because the pollen is _______.The common cold is _______ in large schools.adjective
perpetualcontinuing forever or indefinitelyThe little boy had a perpetual smile on his face.The little boy had a _______ smile on his face.The blizzard seemed to be _______ after lasting for three days straight.adjective
petulanteasily irritated or annoyedHe was a petulant child who was aggravated by the smallest things.He was a _______ child who was aggravated by the smallest things.The _______ boy couldn't stand when his things were not exactly how he left them.adjective
potencythe power or right to give orders or make decisionsMedications of very high potency do not need to be taken in large amounts.Medications of very high _______ do not need to be taken in large amounts.Felix had left the tea to steep for too long and its _____ was now too much to bear.noun
premonitionan early warning about a future eventShe had a premonition that he would call.She had a _______ that he would call.The dark clouds were a _______ that a storm was coming.noun
premisea statement that is held to be trueSince your premise cannot be confirmed, your entire theory is worthless.Since your _______ cannot be confirmed, your entire theory is worthless.The _______ of the statement was unclear, making it appear to be false.noun
presumptuousexcessively forwardThe students were presumptuous to think their teacher would not give them a pop quiz on a Monday.The students were _______ to think their teacher would not give them a pop quiz on a Monday.He was too _______ when talking to people, which made them a little uncomfortable.adjective
prudentmarked by sound judgmentIt is not prudent to go swimming during a hurricane.It is not _______ to go swimming during a hurricane.It's not very _______ to skip studying for your exams.adjective
recluseone who lives in solitudeDespite her reputation as a recluse, Kathryn held regular gatherings in her home to entertain close friends.Despite her reputation as a _______, Kathryn held regular gatherings in her home to entertain close friends.Tess is a _______ and only leaves the house to pick up groceries.noun
refuteoverthrow by argument, evidence, or proofIf one can find the facts, it is very easy for one to refute lies.If one can find the facts, it is very easy for one to _______ lies.Larry's biology teacher challenged his class to _______ his evidence with their own findings.verb
relinquishturn away from; give upEven though he didn’t want to relinquish his marbles, James knew that Jaiden had won them fair and square.Even though he didn’t want to _______ his marbles, James knew that Jaiden had won them fair and square.Ethan did not want to _______ his position to the newcomer, but after some time he stepped down anyways.verb
reprehensiblebringing or deserving severe rebuke or censureA reprehensible act of violence was committed at school today.A _______ act of violence was committed at school today.Theft is a _______ crime.adjective
repudiaterefuse to acknowledge, ratify or recognize as validDespite his claims of innocence, he did very little to repudiate the allegations made against him.Despite his claims of innocence, he did very little to _______ the allegations made against him.Many are looking to _______ the bill because it will raise taxes.verb
resolutiona decision to do something or to behave in a certain mannerMark's New Year’s resolution was to practice guitar every day, but only a few months into the year he had already failed.Mark's New Year’s _______ was to practice guitar every day, but only a few months into the year he had already failed.They finally came to a _______ to sell their car.noun
reticentreluctant to draw attention to yourselfWhen asked if he broke the lamp, the child was reticent and refused to make eye contact.When asked if he broke the lamp, the child was _______ and refused to make eye contact.Many people are not _______ and want as much attention as they can get.adjective
reverentfeeling or showing profound respect or venerationA reverent person constantly praises and gives thanks to his god.A _______ person constantly praises and gives thanks to his god.The _______ women showed her faith every morning and night.adjective
serenitythe absence of mental stress or anxietyFor an introvert, it is difficult to experience serenity in a large crowd.For an introvert, it is difficult to experience _______ in a large crowd.Meditation can help some reach _______.noun
stratageman elaborate or deceitful scheme to deceive or evadeHis chess stratagem was so good that he never lost a match.His chess _______ was so good that he never lost a match.Her _______ for the game was unbeatable.noun
subduedrestrained in style or qualityThe small child was subdued after being scolded.The small child was _____ after being scolded.Because of his lack of sleep the night before, Brian's work was extremely _______.adjective
subversivein opposition to an established system or governmentThe group published a subversive magazine that contained nothing but negative articles about the current government.The group published a _______ magazine that contained nothing but negative articles about the current government.There were many protests by _______ people who were against the new law.adjective
superfluousmore than is needed, desired or requiredSyrup on pancakes is normal but to have syrup on the side as well seems a bit superfluous.Syrup on pancakes is normal, but to have syrup on the side as well seems a bit _______.The girl's method of organizaton was completely _______, with different colors, patterns and fonts for each folder.adjective
taciturnhabitually reserved and uncommunicativeIn a family filled with taciturn people, talkative Ethan stood out by a mile.In a family filled with _______ people, talkative Ethan stood out by a mile.Some days, Bob was very _______, talking only to his closest friend.adjective
tempera characteristic state of feelingRyan lost his temper and shattered the glass on the ground.Ryan lost his _______ and shattered the glass on the ground.After losing to his brother three times in a row, Robert lost his _______ and flipped the game onto the ground.noun
temperamentyour usual moodThe smallest puppy of the litter had the sweetest temperament and was the first to find a home.The smallest puppy of the litter had the sweetest _______ and was the first to find a home.The cat with the best _______ is usually the favorite of children.noun
thwarthinder or prevent, as an effort, plan or desireThere was barbed wire at the top of the gate to thwart outsiders.There was barbed wire at the top of the gate to _______ outsiders.The advanced security system was installed to _______ intruders.verb
transcendentexceeding or surpassing usual limitsTo some, a god is a transcendent being who has powers that exceed those of mere mortals.To some, a god is a _______ being who has powers that exceed those of mere mortals.To children, the abilities of adults are _______.adjective
trepidationa feeling of alarm or dreadWhile everyone else in the room was scared of spiders, Robin had no sense of trepidation when the bug crawled up the wall.While everyone else in the room was scared of spiders, Robin had no sense of _______ when the bug crawled up the wall.Whenever there is a storm, Sonja always has a sense of _______ of the power going out.noun
turbulenceinstability in the atmosphereWhen the protestors began to outnumber the police standing outside city hall, turbulence seemed inevitable.When the protestors began to outnumber the police standing outside city hall, _____ seemed inevitable.The airplane flew through a small storm, which caused some minor _______.noun
urbaneshowing a high degree of refinementSam is an urbane traveller who has visited over eighty countries.Sam is an _______ traveller who has visited over eighty countries.Julie found it odd when many _______ people from the city began visiting her small town.adjective
vacillatebe undecided about somethingIf you vacillate between two positions, there is no way you will win the debate.If you _______ between two positions, there is no way you will win the debate.No one ever asks Ann to pick a restaurant because she will _______ between her options forever.verb
voraciousdevouring or craving food in great quantitiesThe football player was a voracious eater who easily consumed two chickens during one meal.The football player was a _______ eater who easily consumed two chickens during one meal.Johnny was _______ and was never seen without food.adjective
warymarked by keen caution and watchful prudenceThe sailors watched the horizon anxiously, wary of the approaching storm.The sailors watched the horizon anxiously, _______ of the approaching storm.Jenna was _______ of the traffic at all times, always looking both ways before she crossed the street.adjective
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