Provinces of China

In China, provinces are the highest-level administrative divisions. Its 34 divisions include 23 provinces, 4 municipalities, 5 autonomous regions, and 2 special administrative regions. This alphabetical list contains key facts about these 34 divisions, including their locations, cities, areas, populations, and more.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created April 11, 2017
TypeNameName in ChineseMeaning of NameAbbreviationAbbreviation in ChineseMapRegionCapitalLargest CityArea (square kilometers)Area (square miles)PopulationPopulation Density (per square kilometer)Population Density (per square mile)Attractions
ProvinceAnhui安徽Combination of the names of two cities: Anqing and HuizhouWanEast ChinaHefeiFuyang139,60053,90060,300,0004301,100Mount Huangshan; Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun; Mount Langya
MunicipalityBeijing北京Northern capitalJingNorth China16,411 6,33621,700,0001,3003,400The Palace Museum; Temple of Heaven; Great Wall
MunicipalityChongqing重庆Double celebrationYuSouthwest China82,40331,81649,165,5006001,500Ciqikou; Hongyadong; People's Liberation Monument
ProvinceFujian 福建Combination of the names of two cities: Fuzhou and JianzhouMinEast ChinaFuzhouQuanzhou121,40046,90037,700,011319800Fujian Tulou; Wuyi Mountains; Gulangyu Island
ProvinceGansu甘肃Combination of the names of two cities: Ganzhou and SuzhouGan/Long甘/陇Northwest ChinaLanzhouLanzhou425,800164,40025,575,25460160Jiayuguan Pass of the Great Wall; Mogao Grottoes; Silk Route Museum
ProvinceGuangdong广东At the east of the expanseYueSouth Central ChinaGuangzhouGuangzhou179,80069,400108,500,0006001,600Danxia Mountain; Yuexiu Hill; Zhongshan Sun Wen Memorial Park
Autonomous RegionGuangxi广西At the west of the expanseGuiSouth Central ChinaNanningNanning236,70091,400 46,026,600207540Li River; Ban Gioc–Detian Falls; Jingjiang Princes' City
ProvinceGuizhou贵州Precious province/cityGui/Qian贵/黔Southwest ChinaGuiyangBijie176,16768,01834,746,468200510Huangguoshu Waterfall; The Dong village of Zhaoxing
ProvinceHainan 海南South of the sea (Qiongzhou Strait)QiongSouth Central ChinaHaikouHaikou35,40013,700 9,110,000260670Yalong Bay; Five Finger Mountain; Five Officials Temple
ProvinceHebei河北North of the river (Yellow River)JiNorth ChinaShijiazhuangBaoding187,70072,50073,326,1013901,000Shanhai Pass of the Great Wall; Chengde Mountain Resort; Xibaipo Village
ProvinceHeilongjiang黑龙江Amur RiverHeiNortheast ChinaHarbinHarbin454,800175,60038,312,22484220Bukui Mosque; Ice and Snow World; Wudalianchi Lakes
ProvinceHenan河南South of the river (Yellow River)YuSouth Central ChinaZhengzhouNanyang167,00064,00094,100,0005601,500The Longmen Grottoes; Shaolin Temple; Yinxu
Special Administrative RegionHong Kong香港Fragrant harbourGangSouth Central China2,7551,0647,234,8006,54416,949Ocean Park Hong Kong; Victoria Peak; Lantau Island
ProvinceHubei湖北North of the lake (Dongting Lake)ESouth Central ChinaWuhanWuhan185,90071,80058,500,000310820Three Gorges of the Yangtze; Shennongjia National Nature Reserve; Mount Wudang
ProvinceHunan湖南South of the lake (Dongting Lake)XiangSouth Central ChinaChangshaHengyang210,00080,00067,370,000320830Zhangjiajie; Fenghuang County; Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area
Autonomous RegionInner Mongolia内蒙古From the Mongolian öbür monggol, where öbür means the front, sunny side of natural barrierMengNorth ChinaHohhotChifeng1,183,000457,00024,706,3212052Da Zhao Temple; Bashang Grasslands; Mausoleum of Genghis Khan
ProvinceJiangsu江苏Combination of the names of two cities: Jiangning and SuzhouSuEast ChinaNanjingSuzhou102,60039,60079,800,0007802,000Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum; Zhouzhuang; Hanshan Temple
ProvinceJiangxi江西The western JiangnanGanEast ChinaNanchangGanzhou166,919 64,44845,200,000270700Lushan National Park; Longhushan; Donglin (East Wood) Temple
ProvinceJilin吉林From a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river"JiNortheast ChinaChangchunChangchun191,12673,79427,462,297140370Paektu Mountain; Mausoleum of Princess Jeonghyo; Wandu Mountain City
ProvinceLiaoning辽宁Peace on the Liao RiverLiaoNortheast ChinaShenyangShenyang145,90056,30043,900,000300780Mukden Palace; Wunu Mountain City; Bijia Mountain
Special Administrative RegionMacau澳门Mirror sea/Inlet gatesAoSouth Central China30.511.8650,90021,41155,454Ruins of St. Paul's; Senado Square; A-Ma Temple
Autonomous RegionNingxia宁夏Tranquil Xia (Western Xia)NingNorthwest ChinaYinchuanYinchuan66,399.7325,637.086,301,35089231Xixia Tombs; Helan Mountains; Mount Sumeru Grottoes
ProvinceQinghai青海Qinghai Lake (blue/green lake)QingNorthwest ChinaXiningXining720,000 280,0005,626,722820Qinghai Lake; Kumbum Monastery
ProvinceShaanxi陕西West of the Shan PassShan/Qin陕/秦Northwest ChinaXi'anXi'an205,80079,50037,327,378180470Terracotta Army; Mount Hua; Forest of Stone Steles Museum
ProvinceShandong山东East of the mountains (Taihang Mountains)LuEast ChinaJinanLinyi157,10060,70097,333,9006201,600Mount Tai; Temple and Cemetery of Confucius; Baotu Spring
MunicipalityShanghai上海Upon the seaHuEast China6,3412,44824,152,7003,8009,900The Bund; Yu Garden; Oriental Pearl Tower
ProvinceShanxi山西West of the mountains (Taihang Mountains)JinNorth ChinaTaiyuanYuncheng156,000 60,00036,500,000230610Ancient City of Pingyao; Yungang Grottoes; Mount Wutai
ProvinceSichuan四川Four rivers (Jialing, Jinsha, Min, and Tuo)Chuan/Shu川/蜀Southwest ChinaChengduChengdu485,000187,00081,100,000170430Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area; Mount Emei; Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries
ProvinceTaiwan台湾The name of the sandbar (Tayouan) and nearby area TaiTaipeiTaipei36,19313,974 23,519,5186491,681National Palace Museum; Taroko National Park; Sun Moon Lake
MunicipalityTianjin天津Ford of heavenJinNorth China11,7604,54015,469,5001,3003,400Five Main Avenues; Tianjin Eye; Porcelain House
Autonomous RegionTibet 西藏Western Tsang (a subregion of Greater Tibet)ZangSouthwest ChinaLhasaLhasa1,228,400474,300 3,180,0002.66.7Potala Palace; Jokhang Temple; Namtso Lake
Autonomous RegionXinjiang新疆New frontierXinNorthwest ChinaUrumqi Urumqi 1,664,897642,820 21,815,8151330Heavenly Lake of Tianshan; Kanas Lake; Id Kah Mosque
ProvinceYunnan云南South of the Yun (Yunling Mountains)Yun/Dian云/滇Southwest ChinaKunmingKunming394,000152,00045,966,239120300Xishuangbanna; Shilin (Stone Forest); Lijiang
ProvinceZhejiang浙江Old name of Qiantang RiverZheEast ChinaHangzhouHangzhou101,80039,30055,643,8415501,400West Lake; Qiandao Lake; Mount Putuo
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