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Prepositions

Learn about how to use prepositions for time, place, and objects in American English. Prepositions are keywords that indicate the start of a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase begins with the first preposition in the sentence and ends with the object or noun of the phrase. Generally, prepositional phrases act as adverbs or adjectives in that they modify either verbs, adverbs, or adjectives.
a data set by ms.brown
created March 27, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
PrepositionCategoryHow to UseExample
atOne point in timewith noon, night, midnight, and with the time of dayMy plane leaves ___ noon.
atOne point in timewith noon, night, midnight, and with the time of dayThe movie starts ___ 6 p.m.
inOne point in timewith parts of the day, with months, with years, and with seasonsHe likes to read ___ the afternoon.
inOne point in timewith parts of the day, with months, with years, and with seasonsThe days are long ___ August.
inOne point in timewith parts of the day, with months, with years, and with seasonsThe book was published ___ 1999.
inOne point in timewith parts of the day, with months, with years, and with seasonsThe flowers will bloom ___ spring.
onOne point in timewith daysI will see you ___ Monday.
byExtended timeto indicate at some time before the given time or before the end of a given time intervalWe will be ready to return home ___ the end of our vacation.
duringExtended timeTo indicate all of a given time intervalI watch TV ___ the evening.
forExtended timeto indicate over a period of timeI'm going to Paris ___ two weeks.
from--toExtended timeTo indicate beginning time and ending timeThe movie showed ___ August ___ October.
from--untilExtended timeTo indicate the duration between a beginning time and ending timeThe decorations were up ___ spring ___ fall.
sinceExtended timeto indicate from a definite past time until nowShe has been gone ___ yesterday.
withinExtended timeTo indicate before the specified duration endsWe must finish the project ___ a year.
atPlaceto talk about a general vicinityShe was waiting ___ the corner.
inPlaceto talk about an object being containedThere is a wasp ___ the house.
insidePlaceto refer specifically to where an object is containedGo look ___ the refrigerator.
onPlaceto talk about the surfaceI left your keys ___ the table.
aboveHigher than a pointto talk about an object that has moved higher than another objectHang that picture ___ the couch.
overHigher than a pointto talk about an object that has moved higher and wider than another objectHe threw the ball ___ the roof.
belowLower than a pointto describe an object that is lower or less than another object or pointThe valley is ___ sea-level.
beneathLower than a pointto describe an object that is directly below another objectWe relaxed in the shade ___ the branches.
underLower than a pointto describe an object that is below a general pointThe rabbit burrowed ___ the ground.
underneathLower than a pointto describe something that is below a specific point The child hid ___ the blanket.
amongClose to a pointto describe a mingling or intermixing with distinct or separable objectsI found my pen lying ___ the books.
betweenClose to a pointto describe the position or interval that separates two thingsThe house is ___ Elm Street and Maple Street.
byClose to a pointto describe near or next toThere is an ice cream shop ___ the store.
nearClose to a pointto describe close proximityShe lives ___ the school.
next toClose to a pointto describe that something is beside or alongside something elseAn oak tree grows ___ my house.
oppositeClose to a pointto describe two things that are facing or across from each otherThe bathroom is ___ that room.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareShe glanced ___ her reflection.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareYou didn't laugh ___ his joke.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareI'm looking ___ the computer monitor.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareWe rejoiced ___ his safe rescue.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareThat pretty girl smiled ___ you.
atTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stareStop staring ___ me.
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishDid someone call ___ a taxi?
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishHe hopes ___ a raise in salary next year.
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishI'm looking ___ my keys.
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishWe'll wait ___ her here.
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishYou go buy the tickets, and I'll watch ___ the train.
forTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wishIf you wish ___ an "A" in this class, you must work hard.
ofTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: approve, consist, smellI don't approve ___ his speech.
ofTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: approve, consist, smellMy contribution to the article consists ___ many pages.
ofTo introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: approve, consist, smellHe came home smelling ___ alcohol.
of (or about)To introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: dream, thinkI dream ___ finishing college in four years.
of (or about)To introduce objects of verbswith the following verbs: dream, thinkI am thinking ___ this problem.
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