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Organic Molecules - Carbs

Biology Class Vocabulary get-to-know!
a data set by FrauInge
created October 3, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
WordDefinition
inorganic moleculeusually small molecules that often don't contain carbon
organic moleculescarbon-containing molecules that can be very large in size
macromoleculesa large molecule made of small units
monomersmall unit that can join together with other small units to make a polymer
polymerlarge compound formed from combinations of many monomers
dehydration synthesisa chemical reaction that makes polymers from monomers by removing water
hydrolysisa chemical reaction that breaks polymers apart into monomers by adding water
carbohydratescompound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body
monosaccharidesa single sugar molecule
simple sugaranother word for monosaccharide
glucosea simple carbohydrate (monosaccharide) found in the blood and made by plants, too
polysaccharideslarge macromolecule (carbohydrate) formed from monosaccharides
complex sugarsanother word for polysaccharide
glycogena polysaccharide carbohydrate stored in the muslces to provide them with energy
starcha polysaccharade found in plants; it provides a long term energy source
cellulosea polysaccharide found in the cell wall of plants; also know as dietary fiber
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