Organic Molecules - Carbs
Biology Class Vocabulary get-to-know!
a data set by FrauInge
created October 3, 2016
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|inorganic molecule||usually small molecules that often don't contain carbon|
|organic molecules||carbon-containing molecules that can be very large in size|
|macromolecules||a large molecule made of small units|
|monomer||small unit that can join together with other small units to make a polymer|
|polymer||large compound formed from combinations of many monomers|
|dehydration synthesis||a chemical reaction that makes polymers from monomers by removing water|
|hydrolysis||a chemical reaction that breaks polymers apart into monomers by adding water|
|carbohydrates||compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body|
|monosaccharides||a single sugar molecule|
|simple sugar||another word for monosaccharide|
|glucose||a simple carbohydrate (monosaccharide) found in the blood and made by plants, too|
|polysaccharides||large macromolecule (carbohydrate) formed from monosaccharides|
|complex sugars||another word for polysaccharide|
|glycogen||a polysaccharide carbohydrate stored in the muslces to provide them with energy|
|starch||a polysaccharade found in plants; it provides a long term energy source|
|cellulose||a polysaccharide found in the cell wall of plants; also know as dietary fiber|