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Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

A list of of Nobel Peace Prize laureates since its creation in 1901.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created June 16, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
YearPictureLaureateCountryDate of Birth/EstablishmentRolePrize MotivationPrize Share
2016Juan Manuel SantosColombiaAugust 10, 195132nd President of Colombia"for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end"1/1
2015Tunisian National Dialogue QuartetTunisiaSummer of 2013A group of four organizations: Tunisian General Labour Union; Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts; Tunisian Human Rights League; Tunisian Order of Lawyers"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"1/1
2014Kailash SatyarthiIndiaJanuary 11, 1954Founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save Childhood Movement)"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"1/2
2014Malala YousafzaiPakistanJuly 12, 1997Former blogger for BBC Urdu; Founder of the Malala Fund"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"1/2
2013Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsIntergovernmental April 29, 1997An intergovernmental organization promoting and verifying the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons"1/1
2012European UnionIntergovernmentalNovember 1, 1993 (original: 1952)Political and economic union"for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe"1/1
2011Ellen Johnson SirleafLiberiaOctober 29, 193824th President of Liberia"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"1/3
2011Leymah GboweeLiberiaFebruary 1, 1972Head of Women Peace and Security Network Africa"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"1/3
2011Tawakkol KarmanYemenFebruary 7, 1979Co-founder of Women Journalists Without Chains"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"1/3
2010Liu XiaoboChinaDecember 28, 1955Co-author of Charta 08"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"1/1
2009Barack ObamaUnited StatesAugust 4, 196144th President of the United States of America"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"1/1
2008Martti AhtisaariFinlandJune 23, 193710th President of Finland"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"1/1
2007Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeIntergovernmental 1988Scientific and intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"1/2
2007Al GoreUnited StatesMarch 31, 194845th Vice President of the United States of America"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"1/2
2006Muhammad YunusBangladeshJune 28, 1940Founder of Grameen Bank"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"1/2
2006Grameen BankBangladesh1976Microfinance organization and community development bank"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"1/2
2005International Atomic Energy AgencyIntergovernmental 1957International organization reporting to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"1/2
2005Mohamed ElBaradeiEgyptJune 17, 1942Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"1/2
2004Wangari Muta MaathaiKenyaApril 1, 1940Founder of Green Belt Movement"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"1/1
2003Shirin EbadiIranJune 21, 1947Founder of Defenders of Human Rights Center"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"1/1
2002Jimmy CarterUnited StatesOctober 1, 192439th President of the United States of America"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"1/1
2001United NationsIntergovernmental October 24, 1945The largest, most internationally represented, and most powerful intergovernmental organization"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"1/2
2001Kofi AnnanGhanaApril 8, 19387th Secretary-General of the United Nations"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"1/2
2000Kim Dae-jungSouth KoreaDecember 3, 1925Former President of South Korea"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"1/1
1999Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)International non-governmentalDecember 20, 1971Independent, neutral and impartial emergency aid organization"in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"1/1
1998John HumeIrelandJanuary 18, 19372nd leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"1/2
1998David TrimbleUnited KingdomOctober 15, 1944First Minister of Northern Ireland; Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"1/2
1997International Campaign to Ban LandminesInternational non-governmental1992A coalition of non-governmental organizations including Human Rights Watch, Medico International, Handicap International, Physicians for Human Rights, Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation, and the Mines Advisory Group"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"1/2
1997Jody WilliamsUnited StatesOctober 9, 1950Founding Coordinator of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"1/2
1996Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo East TimorFebruary 3, 1948East Timorese Roman Catholic Bishop"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor"1/2
1996José Ramos-HortaEast TimorDecember 26, 19492nd President of East Timor; Founder and former member of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor"1/2
1995Joseph RotblatUnited Kingdom (born in Poland)November 4, 1908First Secretary-general of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"1/2
1995Pugwash Conferences on Science and World AffairsInternational non-governmental1957International conference of independent scientists for diminishing the role of nuclear arms in international politics"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"1/2
1994Yasser ArafatPalestine (born in Egypt)August 24, 1929First President of the Palestinian National Authority; 3rd Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"1/3
1994Shimon Peres Israel (born in Poland)August 2, 19239th President of Israel; 8th Prime Minister of Israel"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"1/3
1994Yitzhak RabinIsrael March 1, 19225th Prime Minister of Israel"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"1/3
1993Nelson MandelaSouth AfricaJuly 18, 19181st President of South Africa; President of the African National Congress party"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"1/2
1993Frederik Willem de KlerkSouth AfricaMarch 18, 1936State President of South Africa; Deputy President of South Africa"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"1/2
1992Rigoberta Menchú TumGuatemalaJanuary 9, 1959UN Ambassador for the world's indigenous peoples"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"1/1
1991Aung San Suu KyiMyanmarJune 19, 1945General Secretary of the National League for Democracy"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"1/1
1990Mikhail Sergeyevich GorbachevSoviet UnionMarch 2, 1931General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; President of the Soviet Union"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"1/1
1989Tenzin GyatsoIndia (born in Tibet)July 6, 1935 The 14th Dalai Lama"In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet he consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people"1/1
1988United Nations Peacekeeping ForcesIntergovernmental1948United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations"for their efforts that have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"1/1
1987Oscar Arias SánchezCosta RicaSeptember 13, 194145th President of Costa Rica"for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"1/1
1986Elie WieselUnited States (born in Romania)September 30, 1928Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Holocaust“one of the most important spiritual leaders and guides in an age when violence, repression and racism continue to characterise the world”1/1
1985International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear WarInternational non-governmental1980A non-partisan federation of national medical groups"for their considerable service to mankind by spreading authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare"1/1
1984Desmond TutuSouth AfricaOctober 7, 1931Former Secretary General of South African Council of Churches; Bishop of Johannesburg"for his clear views and his fearless stance, characteristics which had made him a unifying symbol for all African freedom fighters"1/1
1983Lech WalesaPolandSeptember 29, 1943Founder of Solidarność"for his contribution, made with considerable personal sacrifice, to ensure the workers' right to establish their own organisations"1/1
1982Alva Myrdal Sweden January 31, 1902Writer; Former Cabinet Minister; Delegate to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament"for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"1/2
1982Alfonso García RoblesMexicoMarch 20, 1911Former Secretary for Foreign Affairs; Delegate to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament"for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"1/2
1981Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesIntergovernmental1951An international aid organization established by the United Nations"for its work in bringing relief and aid to the countless refugees and displaced persons to be found in Europe during the immediate post-war years"1/1
1980Adolfo Pérez EsquivelArgentinaNovember 26, 1931Co-founder of the Latin American human rights organization SERPAJ ("Service, Peace and Justice Foundation")"for his courageous nonviolent struggle that had lit a light in the darkness of Argentina's violence"1/1
1979Mother TeresaIndia (born in Republic of Macedonia)August 26, 1910Founder of Missionaries of Charity"for her work in bringing help to suffering humanity"1/1
1978Mohamed Anwar al-SadatEgyptDecember 25, 19183rd President of Egypt"for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"1/2
1978Menachem BeginIsrael (born in Russia)August 16, 19136th Prime Minister of Israel"for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"1/2
1977Amnesty InternationalInternational non-governmentalJuly 1961A worldwide organization focusing on human rights"for protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience"1/1
1976Betty WilliamsUnited KingdomMay 22, 1943Co-founder of Community of Peace People"for tackling so fearlessly the perilous task of leading the way into no-man's land, in the cause of peace and reconciliation"1/2
1976Mairead CorriganUnited KingdomJanuary 27, 1944Co-founder of Community of Peace People"for tackling so fearlessly the perilous task of leading the way into no-man's land, in the cause of peace and reconciliation"1/2
1975Andrei SakharovSoviet UnionMay 21, 1921Nuclear physicist"for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"1/1
1974Seán MacBrideIreland (born in France)January 26, 1904President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia"for his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"1/2
1974Eisaku SatōJapanMarch 27, 190139th Prime Minister of Japan"for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"1/2
1973Henry KissingerUnited States (born in Germany)May 27, 192356th United States Secretary of State"for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"1/2
1973Lê Đức ThọVietnam (North)October 14, 1911Head of the Central Organizing Commission of the Communist Party of Vietnam"for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"1/2
1971Willy BrandtWest GermanyDecember 18, 1913Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany"for West Germany's Ostpolitik"1/1
1970Norman BorlaugUnited StatesMarch 25, 1914Director of International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center"for his contributions to the 'green revolution' that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America"1/1
1969International Labour OrganizationIntergovernmental1919A United Nations agency dealing with labour problems"for improving peace among classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations"1/1
1968René CassinFranceOctober 5, 1887President of the European Court for Human Rights"for his contribution to the protection of human worth and the rights of man, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"1/1
1965United Nations Children's FundIntergovernmentalDecember 11, 1946An international aid organization established by the United Nations"for its activities marked a breakthrough for the idea of solidarity between nations, which helped to reduce the difference between rich and poor states"1/1
1964Martin Luther King, Jr.United StatesJanuary 15, 19291st President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference"for being the first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence"1/1
1963International Committee of the Red CrossInternational non-governmentalFebruary 17, 1863An international humanitarian organization, part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement "for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence"1/2
1963League of Red Cross SocietiesInternational non-governmental1919An international humanitarian organization, part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement "for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence"1/2
1962Linus Carl PaulingUnited StatesFebruary 28, 1901A chemist and biochemist, who drafted the "Hiroshima Appeal""for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"1/1
1961Dag HammarskjöldSwedenJuly 29, 19052nd Secretary-General of the United Nations"for having built up an efficient and independent UN Secretariat, and for having taken an independent line towards the great powers"1/1
1960Albert LutuliSouth Africa (born in Southern Rhodesia)1898President of the African National Congress"for being in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa"1/1
1959Philip Noel-BakerUnited KingdomNovember 1, 1889Member of Parliament"for being the lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"1/1
1958Georges PireBelgiumFebruary 10, 1910Leader of the relief organization for refugees "l'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde"; Father of the Dominican Order"for his efforts to build a bridge across the waves from colonialism, anti-colonialism, and racial conflict"1/1
1957Lester Bowles PearsonCanadaApril 23, 1897Former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly; 8th Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada"for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations"1/1
1954Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesIntergovernmental1951An international aid organization established by the United Nations"for the fact that international aid work for refugees was in danger of a financial crisis, because UN member countries had not granted enough funding for the purpose. The 1954 Peace Prize was thus an appeal to all the world's governments to give more financial support to a vulnerable group"1/1
1953George C. MarshallUnited StatesDecember 31, 1880Originator of "Marshall Plan"; 3rd United States Secretary of Defense; 50th United States Secretary of State; 10th President of the American Red Cross"for a plan aimed at the economic recovery of Western Europe after World War II"1/1
1952Albert SchweitzerFranceJanuary 14, 1875Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon); Missionary surgeon"for his philosophy of Reverence for Life"1/1
1951Léon JouhauxFranceJuly 1, 1879President of the International Committee of the European Council; Vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions; Vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions"for his work for social equality and Franco-German reconciliation"1/1
1950Ralph BuncheUnited StatesAugust 7, 1904Acting Mediator in Palestine"for having arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Arabs during the war which followed the creation of the state of Israel in 1948"1/1
1949John Boyd OrrUnited KingdomSeptember 23, 1880First Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization"for his work devoting to the study of nutrition, the diet of animals and men"1/1
1947Friends Service CouncilUnited Kingdom1927A Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) founded organization "for their compassion for others and the desire to help them"1/2
1947American Friends Service CommitteeUnited States1917A Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) founded organization "for their compassion for others and the desire to help them"1/2
1946Emily Greene BalchUnited StatesJanuary 8, 1867Honorary International President of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"for her lifelong work for disarmament and peace"1/2
1946John Raleigh MottUnited StatesMay 25, 1865President of World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations; Chairman of International Missionary Council"for his contribution to the creation of a peace-promoting religious brotherhood across national boundaries"1/2
1945Cordell HullUnited StatesOctober 2, 1871Prominent participant in the originating of the United Nations; 47th United States Secretary of State"for his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization"1/1
1944International Committee of the Red CrossInternational non-governmentalFebruary 17, 1863An international humanitarian organization, part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement "for the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity"1/1
1938Nansen International Office for RefugeesIntergovernmental 1930An international aid organization established by the League of Nations and named after Fridtjof Nansen"for its work in aiding refugees"1/1
1937Robert CecilUnited KingdomSeptember 14, 1864Founder and President of International Peace Campaign"for his work with the League of Nations"1/1
1936Carlos Saavedra LamasArgentinaNovember 1, 1878Foreign Minister; President of the Assembly of the League of Nations"for his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia"1/1
1935Carl von OssietzkyGermanyOctober 3, 1889Pacifist and journalist"for his struggle against Germany's rearmament"1/1
1934Arthur HendersonUnited KingdomSeptember 13, 1863President of Geneva Disarmament Conference"for his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament"1/1
1933Sir Norman AngellUnited KingdomDecember 26, 1872Member of Executive Committee of the League of Nations and of National Peace Council; Writer"for authoring The Great Illusion and for being a supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general"1/1
1931Jane AddamsUnited StatesSeptember 6, 1860International President of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"for her social reform work and leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"1/2
1931Nicholas Murray ButlerUnited StatesApril 2, 1862Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact; 12th President of Columbia University"for his promotion of the Briand-Kellogg pact and for his work as the leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement"1/2
1930Nathan SöderblomSwedenJanuary 15, 1866Leader in the ecumenical movement; Archbishop"for his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace"1/1
1929Frank B. KelloggUnited StatesDecember 22, 1856Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact; 45th United States Secretary of State"for the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy"1/1
1927Ferdinand BuissonFranceDecember 20, 1841Founder and President of Ligue des Droits de l'Homme (League for Human Rights)"for their contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation"1/2
1927Ludwig QuiddeGermanyMarch 23, 1858Pacifist; Participant of various peace conferences; Member of German Parliament"for their contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation"1/2
1926Aristide BriandFranceMarch 28, 1862Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg Pact; 55th Prime Minister of France"for work on the Locarno Treaties"1/2
1926Gustav StresemannGermanyMay 10, 1878Part-originator of Locarno Pact; Foreign Minister of Germany"for work on the Locarno Treaties"1/2
1925Sir Austen ChamberlainUnited KingdomOctober 16, 1863Part-originator of Locarno Pact; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs"for work on the Locarno Treaties"1/2
1925Charles Gates DawesUnited StatesAugust 27, 1865Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission; 30th Vice President of the United States"for work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925"1/2
1922Fridtjof NansenNorwayOctober 10, 1861Originator of "Nansen passports" (for refugees)"for his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine and his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace"1/1
1921Hjalmar BrantingSwedenNovember 23, 186016th Prime Minister of Sweden"for their work to strengthen the new world organization the League of Nations"1/2
1921Christian LangeNorwaySeptember 17, 1869Secretary General of Inter-Parliamentary Union"for their work to strengthen the new world organization the League of Nations"1/2
1920Léon BourgeoisFranceMay 21, 1851President of the Council of the League of Nations; 49th Prime Minister of France"for his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907 and for his work towards what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its spiritual father'"1/1
1919Woodrow WilsonUnited StatesDecember 28, 1856Founder of the League of Nations; 28th President of the United States"for his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations"1/1
1917International Committee of the Red CrossInternational non-governmentalFebruary 17, 1863An international humanitarian organization, part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement "for undertaking the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides [of World War I], including their right to establish contacts with their families"1/1
1913Henri La FontaineBelgiumApril 22, 1854President of the International Peace Bureau"for being the effective leader of the peace movement in Europe"1/1
1912Elihu RootUnited StatesFebruary 15, 1845Originator of various treaties of arbitration; 38th United States Secretary of State"for his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court"1/1
1911Tobias AsserNetherlandsApril 28, 1838Co-founder of the Institute of International Law"for his work in the field of private law"1/2
1911Alfred FriedAustriaNovember 11, 1864Founder of Die Friedenswarte (a peace publication); Co-founder of German Peace Society"for his work as founder of the German Peace Society"1/2
1910Permanent International Peace BureauInternational non-governmental 1891One of the world's oldest international peace federations"for acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries"1/1
1909Auguste BeernaertBelgiumJuly 26, 1829Member of Cour Internationale d'arbitrage at the Hague; 14th Prime Minister of Belgium"for being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union"1/2
1909Paul Henri d'Estournelles de ConstantFranceNovember 22, 1852Founder of Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation; Founder and President of French parliamentary group for voluntary arbitration"for combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration"1/2
1908Klas Pontus ArnoldsonSwedenOctober 27, 1844Founder of Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"for his efforts in connection with the conflict over the union, and a step towards the reconciliation of the two independent states (Norway and Sweden)"1/2
1908Fredrik BajerDenmarkApril 21, 1837Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau"for being the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau"1/2
1907Ernesto Teodoro MonetaItalySeptember 20, 1833President of Lombard League of Peace"for his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement"1/2
1907Louis RenaultFranceMay 21, 1843Professor of International Law"for his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague"1/2
1906Theodore RooseveltUnited StatesOctober 27, 1858Collaborator of various peace treaties; 26th President of the United States"for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"1/1
1905Bertha von SuttnerAustriaJune 9, 1843Author of Lay Down Your Arms; Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau"for writing Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize"1/1
1904Institute of International LawInternational non-governmentalSeptember 8, 1873A scientific society"for promoting international arbitration and for persuading states to accept the rules of law in wartime"1/1
1903William Randal CremerUnited KingdomMarch 18, 1828Secretary of International Arbitration League"for his work with the international arbitration movement"1/1
1902Élie DucommunSwitzerlandFebruary 19, 1833First Honorary Secretary of Permanent International Peace Bureau"for his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau"1/2
1902Charles Albert GobatSwitzerlandMay 21, 1843First Secretary General of Inter-Parliamentary Union"for his efforts to bring popularly elected representatives from various countries together at meetings and congresses"1/2
1901Henry DunantSwitzerlandMay 8, 1828Originator of Geneva Convention; Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross"for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross"1/2
1901Frédéric PassyFranceMay 20, 1822Founder and President of first French peace society "for being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress"1/2
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