This data set lists key facts about 15 major natural disasters, including their definitions, types, locations, causes, effects, and more.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created February 12, 2017
Match Natural Disasters' Names
In this game, please use your concentration and memory to find the hidden match of the different names of a natural disaster.
Where Can These Natural Disasters Occur?
This flash card game is designed to help you learn about the locations in which these natural disasters are most likely to occur. It also provides examples of some major disasters that happened worldwide since 1900.
Identify the Natural Disaster
Can you identify which natural disaster it is based on the displayed picture?
Choose the Causes and Effects
What causes a natural disaster? What effects does it have on the environment and human beings? In this game, please choose the causes and effects of these natural disasters.
Which Natural Disaster Is It?
In this game, please type the name of the natural disaster based on its definition.
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|Natural Disaster||Other Name||Picture||Definition||Types||Location||Cause||Effect||Example|
|Avalanche||Snowslide; Snowslip||It is a rapid flow of snow down a sloping surface.||Slab; Wet; Powder||Mountainous areas throughout arctic and temperate regions which have slope angles between 25 degrees and 60 degrees||Overloading; Warm temperature; Steep slopes; Layers of snow; Vibration||Flash floods; Human impacts; Local economic impacts (such as closing of ski resorts and other business)||Cascade Range, Washington (1910); Montroc, France (1999)|
|Blizzard||It is a severe snowstorm characterized by strong winds causing blowing snow that results in low visibilities.||Snowstorm; Ground; Lake-Effect||Anywhere with the perfect conditions for snow formation or strong winds||Collision of warm rising air with very cold air||Impacts on transport routes, crops and people; Vehicle accidents; Hypothermia; Infections from frostbite; Possible fires and carbon monoxide poisoning due to the use of alternate heat sources||Iran (1972); Canada, United States, and Cuba (1993)|
|Drought||It is a period of unexpected rainfall deficit which results in a shortage of water.||Meteorological; Agricultural; Hydrological||Anywhere||Precipitation deficiency; Dry season; El Niño; Erosion and human activities; Climate change||Dust bowls; Dust storms; Lack of adequate drinking water; Loss of vegetation; Loss of farmland; Loss of livestock and life due to famine or dehydration; Mass migration; Wildfires; Cyanotoxin accumulation within food chains and water supply||Ethiopia and Sudan (1984); Amazon Basin (2005)|
|Earthquake||Quake; Tremor; Temblor||It is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.||Tectonic; Volcanic; Collapse; Explosion||Anywhere, but most frequently in the Pacific Ring of Fire||Fault movement; Volcanism; Induced seismicity||Shaking and ground rupture; Landslides and avalanches; Fires; Soil liquefaction; Tsunami; Floods; Human impacts||Tangshan, China (1976); Haiti (2010)|
|Flood||It is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.||Areal; Riverine (Channel); Estuarine and coastal; Urban||River floodplains and coastal areas; Areas with unusually long periods of heavy rainfall||Flash floods; Storm surge; Dam and levee failures||Loss of life; Damage to buildings and other structures; Waterborne diseases; Loss of harvests; Loss of tree species; Benefits (recharging ground water, making soil more fertile, and maintaining ecosystems in river corridors)||Bangladesh (1998); New Orleans, USA (2005)|
|Hail||Hailstorm||It occurs when rain drops arrive as ice, rather than melting before they hit the ground.||Graupel; Sleet; Snow||Most common within continental interiors of the mid-latitudes or along mountain ranges||Strong thunderstorm updrafts carrying water droplets well above the freezing level||Damage to automobiles, aircraft, skylights, glass-roofed structures, livestock, and crops||Munich, Germany (1984); St. Louis, Missouri (2012)|
|Heat Wave||It is a period of abnormally and uncomfortably hot and usually humid weather.||Anywhere||High pressure aloft strengthens and remains over a region for several days up to several weeks||Catastrophic crop failures; Deaths from hyperthermia; Wildfires; Power outages||Western Europe (2003); Victoria, Australia (2009)|
|Landslide||Landslip||It is a downward movement of rock and soil debris that has become detached from the underlying slope.||Debris flow; Earth flow; Debris; Sturzstrom; Shallow; Deep-seated||Seismic sensitive areas; Mountainous areas with high relief; Moderate relief areas with land degradation; Areas of thick loess; Areas of high rainfall||Saturation of slope material (rainfall); Seismic activity (earthquakes and volcanoes); Undercutting of cliffs and banks by waves and rivers; Removal of vegetation; Modification of slopes||Tsunami; Impacts on a variety of resources such as water supplies, fisheries, sewage disposal systems, forests, dams, and roadways; Human impacts||Nevados Huascaran, Andes (1962); Nepal (2002)|
|Limnic Eruption||Lake Overturn||It occurs when dissolved carbon dioxide suddenly erupts from deep lake waters, forming a gas cloud that can suffocate wildlife, livestock and humans.||Limnically active lakes with the following features: CO2-saturated incoming water; A cool lake bottom; An upper and lower thermal layer with differing CO2 saturations; Proximity to areas with volcanic activity||A lake nearly saturated with gas; A trigger (such as earthquakes, volcanic activities, and explosions)||Suffocation of life forms; Frostbite; Tsunami||Lake Monoun, Cameroon (1984); Lake Nyos, Cameroon (1986)|
|Thunderstorm||Electrical Storm; Lightning Storm; Thundershower||It is a weather formation where lightning and thunder are produced by a cumulonimbus cloud.||Single-cell; Multi-cell cluster; Multi-cell lines; Supercells||Anywhere where the right conditions are present, but most frequently within the mid-latitudes||Rapid upward movement of warm, moist air from the Earth's surface||Cloud-to-ground lightning; Wildfires; Hail; Tornadoes and waterspouts; Flash flood; Downburst winds; Thunderstorm asthma||Sydney, Australia (1999); Glasgow, UK (2002)|
|Tornado||Twisters; Whirlwinds||It is a violently rotating column of air which is in contact with the ground.||Multiple vortex; Waterspout; Landspout||Every continent except for Antarctica, but most frequently in the Tornado Alley region of the United States||A rotating wall cloud caused by the convergence of warm air in the updraft and cool air||Destruction of property and trees; Loss of farms; Water contamination; Fires due to damaged power lines and gas leaks; Human impacts||United States (Missouri–Illinois–Indiana) (1925); Manikganj, Bangladesh (1989)|
|Tropical Cyclone||It is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.||Tropical depression; Tropical storm; Hurricane or typhoon (depending on locations)||Any of the world's oceans, with the majority forming between 10 and 30 degrees from the equator||Six general factors: Water temperatures greater than 26.5°C (80°F) is needed at depths down to 50m (150ft); Rapid cooling with height; High humidity; Low amounts of wind shear; Forming five degrees of latitude away from the equator; A preexisting system of disturbed weather||At sea: Large waves; Heavy rain; Flood and high winds; Disruption of international shipping; Shipwrecks. Upon landfall: Strong winds; Storm surge; Heavy rainfall; Tornadoes; Human impacts. Benefits: Drought relief; Maintaining the global heat balance||Typhoon Tip (1979); Hurricane Katrina (2005)|
|Tsunami||Seismic Sea Wave||It is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.||Local; Regional; Ocean-wide||Anywhere, but most frequently around the Pacific Ocean (such as Japan)||Displacement of water usually caused by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other underwater explosions||Severe flooding; Contamination of soil and water; Permanent changes to the landscape; Hazardous materials and toxic substances; Human impacts||Sumatra, Indonesia (2004); Tōhoku, Japan (2011)|
|Volcanic Eruption||It occurs when lava, tephra, and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure.||Magmatic; Phreatomagmatic; Phreatic||Areas where tectonic plates are diverging or converging; Areas where there is stretching and thinning of the crust's interior plate||High gas effervescence and low viscosity of the magma||Earthquakes; Lava flows; Volcanic ashes; Volcanic gases; Catastrophic famines caused by volcanic winters; Human impacts||Nevada del Ruiz, Columbia (1985); Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo (2002)|
|Wildfire||Wildland Fire||It is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.||Brush fire; Bush fire; Desert fire; Forest fire; Grass fire; Hill fire; Peat fire; Vegetation fire; Veld fire||Every continent except for Antarctica, with the highest risk zones being the areas having Mediterranean or Continental climate||Lightning; Sparks from rockfalls; Spontaneous combustion; Volcanic eruption; Human causes||Destruction of property; Release of hazardous chemicals; Human health effects; Negative ecological effects on non-native vegetation; Benefits on the growth and reproduction of native vegetation and animals||Victoria and South Australia (1983); Indonesia (1997)|