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National Parks in the United States

Currently there are 59 national parks in the United States created to conserve the areas of great natural, ecological or cultural value. This alphabetical list of national parks can help you learn some key facts, including their locations, dates of establishment as national parks, areas, natural features, and so on.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 17, 2017
National ParkPictureState or TerritoryNearest CityDate of EstablishmentArea (acres)Area (square kilometers)Number of Visitors (2015)Natural FeatureHighest PeakPeak Height (feet)Peak Height (m)Popular TrailExamples of WildlifeFact
AcadiaMaineBar HarborFebruary 26, 191947,389.7191.82,811,184Mountains, an ocean shoreline, woodlands, and lakesCadillac Mountain1529470Beehive TrailRed and gray squirrel, chipmunk, snowshoe hare, white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, porcupine, mink, muskrat, fox, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, black bear, and peregrine falconIt features the tallest mountain on the Atlantic coast of the United States.
American SamoaAmerican SamoaPago PagoOctober 31, 19889,00036.413,892Coral reefs, rainforests, volcanic mountains, and white beachesLata Mountain3159963Mt. Alava TrailFlying fox, brown booby, sea turtle, and a variety of fishIt is the southernmost national park in the United States.
ArchesUtahMoabNovember 12, 197176,519309.71,399,247More than 2000 natural sandstone arches, stone columns, spires, fins, and towersElephant Butte56531723Delicate Arch Trail Spadefoot toad, antelope squirrel, scrub jay, peregrine falcon, sparrow, red fox, desert bighorn sheep, kangaroo rat, mule deer, cougar, midget faded rattlesnake, yucca moth, western rattlesnake, and western collared lizardIt contains the highest density of natural arches in the world.
BadlandsSouth DakotaRapid CityNovember 10, 1978242,755.9982.4989,354Buttes, pinnacles, spires, and grass prairiesRed Shirt Table33401020Notch TrailBadger, bighorn sheep, bison, black-billed magpie, black-footed ferret, black-tailed prairie dog, bobcat, coyote, elk, mule deer, pronghorn, prairie rattlesnake, porcupine, swift fox, and white-tailed deerIt has the world's richest fossil beds from the Oligocene epoch.
Big BendTexasAlpineJune 12, 1944801,163.23242.2381,747The Chihuahuan Desert, mountains, canyons along the Rio Grande, and a wide variety of Cretaceous and Tertiary fossils Emory Peak78322385Lost Mine TrailCougar, coyote, kangaroo rat, greater roadrunner, golden eagle, gray fox, collared peccary, black-tailed jackrabbit, and Mexican black bearsIt is the largest protected area of Chihuahuan Desert topography and ecology in the United States.
BiscayneFloridaHomesteadJune 28, 1980172,924.1699.8525,745Mangrove forests, the Bay, the Keys, and coral reefsTotten Key92.7Elliott Key West Indian manatee, American crocodile, sea turtle, and peregrine falcon95% of the park is water, and the offshore portion of the park includes the northernmost region of the Florida Reef, one of the largest coral reefs in the world.
Black Canyon of the GunnisonColoradoMontroseOctober 21, 199932,950133.3209,166The Gunnison River and the canyon made of gneiss and schistPoison Spring Hill90402760North Vista Trail to Exclamation Point OverlookPronghorn, black bear, coyote, muskrat, lizard, cougar, raccoon, beaver, elk, river otter, bobcat, mule deer, American dipper, eagle, hawk, owl, and Steller's jayThe canyon's name owes itself to the fact that parts of the gorge only receive 33 minutes of sunlight a day.
Bryce CanyonUtahTropic and PanguitchFebruary 25, 192835,835.11451,745,804Giant natural amphitheaters with hoodoos along the eastern side of the Paunsaugunt PlateauRainbow Point91152778Navajo/Queens Garden Loop TrailUtah prairie dog, California condor, southwestern willow flycatcher, mule deer, fox, badger, porcupine, elk, black bear, bobcat, and woodpeckerDespite its name, it is technically not a canyon.
CanyonlandsUtahMoabSeptember 12, 1964337,597.81366.2634,607Canyons, buttes, and mesasCathedral Point71202170Mesa Arch TrailBlack bear, coyote, skunk, bat, elk, fox, bobcat, badger, ring-tailed cat, pronghorn, cougar, desert cottontail, kangaroo rat, mule deer, lizard, snake, and a variety of hawks and eaglesThe park is divided into four districts: the Island in the Sky, the Needles, the Maze, and the combined rivers—the Green and Colorado—which carved two large canyons into the Colorado Plateau.
Capitol ReefUtahTorreyDecember 18, 1971241,904.3979941,029Waterpocket Fold (monocline), monoliths, sandstone domes, and cliffs shaped like the United States CapitolPark boundary near Billings Pass89602730Hickman Bridge TrailMule deer, beaver, yellow bellied marmot, bighorn sheep, mountain lion, coyote, lizard, snake, and a variety of bird speciesThe park features the nearly 100 mi (160 km) long up-thrust formation called the Waterpocket Fold, which is the largest exposed monocline in North America.
Carlsbad CavernsNew MexicoCarlsbadMay 14, 193046,766.5189.3 445,720117 caves, the Chihuahuan Desert, and the Rattlesnake SpringsGuadalupe Ridge65351992Carlsbad Caverns Natural Entrance TourOver 400000 Mexican free-tailed bats and sixteen other speciesIts large cave chamer called The Big Room is the fifth largest chamber in North America and the twenty-eighth largest in the world.
Channel IslandsCaliforniaSanta BarbaraMarch 5, 1980249,5611009.9324,816Islands, mountains, sea caves, canyons, and rocky shoresEl Montañon1812552Smugglers Cove TrailDeer mouse, spotted skunk, Channel Islands fox, island fence lizard, island scrub jay, harbor seal, California sea lion, island fox, spotted skunk, island night lizard, barn owl, American kestrel, horned lark, meadowlark, California brown pelican, and a variety of marine lifeIt is renowned for its large number of complex, beautiful sea caves.
CongareeSouth CarolinaEastoverNovember 10, 200326,545.9107.487,513Old-growth floodplain forestsOld Bluff Road near main entrance14043Boardwalk Loop TrailBobcat, deer, feral pig, feral dog, coyote, armadillo, turkey, otter, turtle, snake, alligator, and many types of fishIt preserves the largest tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in the United States.
Crater LakeOregonKlamath FallsMay 22, 1902183,224.1741.5614,712Crater Lake, a remnant of a destroyed volcano, Mount Mazama, and the surrounding hills and forestsMount Scott89292722Cleetwood Cove TrailCanadian lynx, bobcat, beaver, chipmunk, pika, fox, cougar, squirrel, porcupine, black bear, coyote, timber wolf, badger, deer, elk, muskrat, marten, Canada goose, spotted owl, and a variety of raptorsThe park features the deepest lake in the United States.
Cuyahoga ValleyOhioCleveland and AkronOctober 11, 200032,950133.32,284,612The Cuyahoga River, waterfalls, hills, and cavesBlack & Brush Roads1164355Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail Raccoon, muskrat, coyote, skunk, red fox, beaver, peregrine falcon, river otter, bald eagle, opossum, mole, white-tailed deer, Canada goose, gray fox, mink, and great blue heronThe park has numerous historic homes, bridges, and structures. It also offers a scenic train ride.
Death ValleyCalifornia and NevadaLone Pine, California and Beatty, NevadaOctober 31, 19943,372,402 13647.61,154,843Canyons, badlands, sand dunes, salt-flats, valleys, and mountainsTelescope Peak110493368Badwater Salt Flats TrailBighorn sheep, coyote, bobcat, kit fox, cougar, mule deer, and the Death Valley pupfishIt is the hottest, lowest, and driest place in the United States.
DenaliAlaskaHealyFebruary 26, 19174,740,911.719185.8560,757Mountains, glaciers, glacial valleys, lakes, and rivers Denali203106190Savage River Loop TrailGrizzly bear, black bear, caribou, Dall sheep, Alaskan moose, wolf, coyote, hoary marmot, shrew, Arctic ground squirrel, beaver, pika, snowshoe hare, red fox, marten, Canadian lynx, trout, salmon, Arctic grayling, and a variety of birdsIt features the tallest mountain in North America.
Dry TortugasFloridaKey WestOctober 26, 199264,701.2261.870,862Coral islands, coral reefs, sand banks, and seagrass bedsLoggerhead Key103Fort Jefferson Loop Trail Sooty tern, brown noddy, brown pelican, magnificent frigatebird, masked booby, roseate tern, bridled tern, mourning dove, and a variety of marine lifeIts centerpiece is Fort Jefferson, which is the largest brick masonry structure in the Western Hemisphere.
EvergladesFloridaFlorida City and Everglades CityMay 30, 19341,508,537.96104.81,077,427Mangrove and tropical rainforest ecosystemCalusa shell mound206.1Anhinga TrailFlorida panther, American crocodile, West Indian manatee, and a variety of other speciesIt is the largest tropical wilderness in the United States.
Gates of the ArcticAlaskaBettlesDecember 2, 19807,523,897.730448.110,745Mountains and riversMount Igikpak82762523No established trails Fox, black bear, bald eagle, Dall sheep, marmot, snowshoe hare, northern hawk-owl, muskoxen, golden eagle, Alaskan moose, brown bear, coyote, Canadian lynx, polar bear, peregrine falcon, muskrat, great horned owl, river otter, osprey, beaver, timber wolf, and caribouIt is the northernmost park in the United States.
GlacierMontanaColumbia FallsMay 11, 19101,013,572.44101.82,366,056Glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, and mountainsMount Cleveland104663190Highline Loop Trail Grizzly bear, Canadian lynx, black bear, wolverine, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, moose, elk, mule deer, skunk, white-tailed deer, bobcat, coyote, cougar, bald eagle, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, osprey, great blue heron, tundra swan, Canada goose, American wigeon, garter snake, and western painted turtleThe park features the world's best-preserved sedimentary fossils from the Proterozoic era.
Glacier BayAlaskaJuneauDecember 2, 19803,224,840.3 13050.5551,353Glaciers, mountains, fjords, and a temperate rainforestMount Fairweather153004700Bartlett River TrailGrizzly bear, black bear, wolf, coyote, Alaskan moose, Sitka black-tailed deer, red fox, raccoon, wolverine, marmot, dall sheep, Canadian lynx, mountain goat, cougar, bald eagle, golden eagle, woodpecker, hummingbird, raven, falcon, hawk, osprey, owl, salmon, sea otter, harbor seal, Steller sea lion, Pacific white-sided dolphin, orca, minke whale, and humpback whaleThe glaciers have receded more than 65 miles since the park was first discovered in 1794.
Grand CanyonArizonaFredonia and TusayanFebruary 26, 19191,217,403.34926.75,520,736Canyons formed by the Colorado RiverLookout tower near the North Rim's main entrance91652793Bright Angel TrailMountain lion, coyote, bobcat, raccoon, elk, mule deer, bat, California condor, Ornate Tree lizard, and Grand Canyon rattlesnakeAs of 2015, the park received the second highest count of visitors among all U.S. national parks.
Grand TetonWyomingJacksonFebruary 26, 1929309,994.71254.53,149,921Mountains, lakes, rivers, glaciers, and canyonsGrand Teton137704200Cascade Canyon TrailGray wolf, grizzly bear, black bear, coyote, river otter, marten, badger, cougar, Canadian lynx, wolverine, elk, bison, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, moose, calliope hummingbird, trumpeter swan, and Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout Noted for world-renowned trout fishing, the park is one of the few places to catch Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout.
Great BasinNevedaEly, Baker, and BorderOctober 27, 198677,180312.3116,1235000-year-old bristlecone pines, a rock glacier, and the limestone Lehman CavesWheeler Peak130653982Wheeler Peak TrailTownsend's big-eared bat, pronghorn, Bonneville cutthroat trout, Jackrabbit, pygmy rabbit, mountain cottontail, ground squirrel, chipmunk, coyote, kit fox, badger, cougar, bobcat, marmot, rock squirrel, mountain sheep, Canada goose, hawk, sparrow, bald eagle, Tundra swan, barn owl, snow goose, killdeer, and golden eagleIt has some of the country's darkest night skies.
Great Sand DunesColoradoAlamosaSeptember 13, 200442,983.7173.9299,513Sand dunes, grasslands, shrublands, wetlands, alpine lakes, mountains, and old-growth forestsTijeras Peak136104150High Dune TrailPika, bighorn sheep, black bear, cougar, beaver, badger, bison, pronghorn, Great Sand Dunes tiger beetle, short-horned lizard, plateau lizard, many-lined skink, bullsnake, garter snake, Rio Grande cutthroat trout, Rio Grande sucker, fathead minnow, tiger salamander, chorus frog, northern leopard frog, spadefoot, Great Plains toad, Woodhouse's toad, brown-capped rosy finch, red-breasted nuthatch, and mountain bluebirdIt features the tallest sand dunes in North America.
Great Smoky MountainsTennessee and North CarolinaGatlinburg, Tennessee and Cherokee, North CarolinaJune 15, 1934521,490.12110.410,721,674Mountains, old-growth forests, waterfalls, and mountain streamsClingmans Dome66432025Alum Cave Trail to Mount LeConteBlack bear, raccoon, bobcat, fox, river otter, woodchuck, beaver, squirrel, opossum, coyote, white-tailed deer, chipmunk, skunk, and various species of batsIt is the most visited national park in the United States.
Guadalupe MountainsTexasDell CityOctober 15, 196686,416349.7169,535Mountains, deserts, grassland, canyons, and cavesGuadalupe Peak87492667Guadalupe Peak TrailElk, gray fox, black bear, coyote, bobcat, striped and hog-nosed skunk, badger, bat, mule deer, mountain lion, great horned owl, chickadee, sparrow, barn owl, woodpecker, turkey vulture, greater roadrunner, hummingbird, peregrine falcon, golden eagle, wren, and grosbeakIt features the highest point in Texas.
HaleakalāHawaiiPukalaniAugust 1, 191629,093.7117.71,216,772The Haleakalā volcano, a unique forest of alien trees, and scenic poolsHaleakalā100233055Halemau'u TrailHawaiian petrel, Hawaiian goose, honeycreeper, and water bearIt is home to the greatest number of endangered species within a U.S. national park.
Hawaii VolcanoesHawaiiHiloAugust 1, 1916323,431.41308.91,832,660Volcanoes, lowlands, mid-elevation woodlands, rain forests, upland forests, and a sea coastlineMauna Loa136794169 Kilauea Iki TrailHawaiian petrel, Hawaiian goose, Hawaiian hawk, and Hawaiian honeycreeperIt encompasses two active volcanoes. Kīlauea is one of the world's most active volcanoes, and Mauna Loa is the world's most massive shield volcano.
Hot SpringsArkansasHot SpringsMarch 4, 19215,549.822.51,418,162Mountains, springs, and old-growth forests Music Mountain1405428Sunset TrailWhite tail deer, turkey, squirrel, rabbit, Virginia opossum, gray fox, coyote, skunk, raccoon, gopher, long-tailed weasel, mink, rat, chipmunk, frog, and nine-banded armadilloIt is the smallest and the only national park in an urban area.
Isle RoyaleMichiganThunder Bay, OntarioApril 3, 1940571,790.1231418,684Lake Superior, islands, and submerged lands Mount Desor1394425Greenstone Ridge TrailWolf, moose, river otter, beaver, hare, and foxThe park is made up of the largest island in Lake Superior as well as approximately 400 smaller islands.
Joshua TreeCaliforniaTwentynine Palms and San BernardinoOctober 31, 1994789,745.531962,025,756Deserts, bleached sand dunes, dry lakes, rugged mountains, and clusters of monzogranite monolithsQuail Mountain58131772Ryan Mountain TrailDesert bighorn sheep, mule deer, California tree frog, red-spotted toad, golden eagle, roadrunner, Gambel's quail, scorpion, snake, kangaroo rat, coyote, and black-tailed jackrabbitThere are 8000 rock climbing routes in this park.
KatmaiAlaskaKing SalmonDecember 2, 19803,674,529.714870.337,818Mountains, volcanoes, glaciers, lakes, and a coastlineMount Denison76062318Brooks Falls TrailAlaskan brown bear, salmon, snowshoe hare, Alaskan moose, wolf, caribou, coyote, beaver, Canadian lynx, wolverine, river otter, mink, red fox, weasel, porcupine, marten, harbor seal, sea lion, sea otter, beluga whale, orca, and gray whaleIt is notable for the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes and for its Alaskan brown bears.
Kenai FjordsAlaskaSewardDecember 2, 1980669,9832711.3296,697A glaciated coastline, icefields, fjords, and mountainsUnnamed nunatak64501970Harding Icefield Trail Wolf, porcupine, Canadian lynx, brown bear, black bear, Alaskan moose, mountain goat, coyote, beaver, river otter, sea otter, harbor seal, sea lion, orca, fin whale, humpback whale, minke whale, Dall's porpoise, Pacific white-sided dolphin, bald eagle, black-billed magpie, Steller's jay, horned puffin, and marbled murreletIt features the Harding Icefield, which is one of the largest ice fields in the United States.
Kings CanyonCaliforniaFresnoMarch 4, 1940461,901.21869.2468,106Mountains, rivers, glacial canyons, caves, old-growth forests, meadows, and waterfallsNorth Palisade142424341Lakes Trail to the WatchtowerChickaree, gray squirrel, golden-mantled ground squirrel, mule deer, black bear, cougar, western tanager, violet-green swallow, white-throated swift, Wilson's warbler, olive-sided flycatcher, hermit thrush, western bluebird, pileated woodpecker, bighorn sheep, marmot, pika, white-tailed jackrabbit, Clark's nutcracker, mountain bluebird, and gray-crowned rosy finchThe park features the famous General Grant tree, which is the second largest tree in the world.
Kobuk ValleyAlaskaKotzebueDecember 2, 19801,750,716.57084.916,875 (2013 data)The Kobuk River, mountains, wetlands, sand dunes, and glaciersMount Angayukaqsraq47601450No established trailsCaribou, moose, wolf, red fox, black bear, brown bear, beaver, river otter, Canadian lynx, Dall's sheep, wolverine, marten, mink, porcupine, muskrat, snowshoe hare, salmon, and sheefishThe park is entirely above the Arctic Circle.
Lake ClarkAlaskaAnchorageDecember 2, 19802,619,733.210601.717,818Lakes, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers, waterfalls, a coastline with rainforests, a tundra plateau, and mountain rangesRedoubt Volcano101973108Telaquana Lake to Twin Lakes TrailBrown bear, black bear, bald eagle, golden eagle, Dall's sheep, Alaskan moose, caribou, peregrine falcon, wolf, coyote, marten, red fox, wolverine, river otter, beaver, Canadian lynx, sea lion, beluga whale, harbor seal, porpoise, and sockeye salmonThe park includes a variety of natural features not found together in any other Alaska parks.
Lassen VolcanicCaliforniaRedding and SusanvilleAugust 9, 1916106,372.4 430.5468,092Volcanoes, lava pinnacles, a lava plateau, craters, steaming sulfur vents, glaciated canyons, lakes, and streamsLassen Peak104573187Lassen Peak TrailBlack bear, fox, mule deer, marten, cougar, brown creeper, chipmunk, raccoon, mountain chickadee, squirrel, white-headed woodpecker, coyote, bobcat, weasel, long-toed salamander, skunk, and a wide variety of bat speciesIt features the largest plug dome volcano in the world.
Mammoth CaveKentuckyBrownsvilleJuly 1, 194152,830.2213.8566,895Caves and the Green RiverMammoth Cave Ridge near Park Ridge Road925282Wild Cave TourEight bat species, Kentucky cave shrimp, northern cavefish, and cave salamanderIt is by far the world's longest cave system.
Mesa VerdeColoradoMancosJune 29, 190652,121.9210.9547,325Cuestas, canyons, and streamsPark Point Lookout85712612Petroglyph Point TrailRocky Mountain elk, mule deer, mountain lion, bobcat, black bear, raccoon, coyote, gray fox, red fox, porcupine, beaver, chipmunk, Merriam’s shrew, lizard, and snakeThe park protects some of the best preserved Ancestral Puebloan archaeological sites in the United States.
Mount RainierWashingtonTacomaMarch 2, 1899235,625953.51,237,231A stratovolcano, mountains, valleys, waterfalls, subalpine meadows, old-growth forests, and glaciersMount Rainier144114392Skyline TrailCougar, black bear, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, snowshoe hare, weasel, mole, beaver, red fox, porcupine, skunk, marmot, deer, marten, shrew, pika, elk, mountain goat, thrush, chickadee, kinglet, northern goshawk, willow flycatcher, spotted owl, steller's jay, Clark's nutcracker, bald eagle, ptarmigan, harlequin duck, grouse, peregrine falcon, gray jay, golden eagle, grosbeak, and finchParadise, an area on the south slope of the park, is one of the snowiest places in the world.
North CascadesWashingtonMount VernonOctober 2, 1968504,780.92042.820,677Mountain ranges, glaciers, lakes, and riversGoode Mountain92062806Cascade Pass TrailTimber wolf, coyote, bobcat, Canadian lynx, cougar, moose, elk, river otter, golden eagle, hoary marmot, bald eagle, pika, wolverine, mountain goat, grizzly bear, black bear, western toad, rough-skinned newt, and a variety of fishMount Shuksan, in the northwest corner of the park, is one of the most photographed mountains in the United States.
OlympicWashingtonPort AngelesJune 29, 1938922,650.9 3733.83,263,761A coastline, glaciated mountains, and a temperate rainforestMount Olympus79622427Hoh River TrailChipmunk, squirrel, skunk, weasel, coyote, muskrat, fisher, river otter, beaver, red fox, mountain goat, marten, bobcat, black bear, Canadian lynx, mole, snowshoe hare, shrew, and cougar, whale, dolphin, sea lion, seal, sea otter, winter wren, gray jay, Hammond's flycatcher, Wilson's warbler, and ravenThe rainforests in this park feature the wettest area in the continental United States.
Petrified ForestArizonaHolbrookDecember 9, 196293,532.6 378.5793,225Petrified wood deposits, hills, badlands, and streamsPilot Rock62341900Blue Mesa TrailPronghorn, black-tailed jackrabbit, Gunnison's prairie dog, coyote, bobcat, fox, lizard, snake, toad, golden eagle, western meadowlark, raven, and Anna's hummingbirdThis park is known for its fossils, especially fallen trees that lived in the Late Triassic Period. Dinosaur fossils were also found in this park.
PinnaclesCaliforniaSoledadJanuary 10, 201326,605.7107.7206,533 Woodlands, a riparian zone, and grasslandsNorth Chalone Peak33041007Condor Gulch to High Peaks Loop Trail Prairie falcon, coyote, skunk, great horned owl, bobcat, California quail, raccoon, wild turkey, gray fox, golden eagle, and cougarThe park's namesakes are the eroded leftovers of the western half of an extinct volcano.
RedwoodCaliforniaCrescent CityOctober 2, 1968112,512.1455.3527,143Forests, rivers, prairies, an estuary, and a coastlineCoyote Peak3170970James Irvine/Miners Ridge Loop TrailTidewater goby, Chinook salmon, northern spotted owl, Steller's sea lion, black bear, coyote, cougar, bobcat, beaver, river otter, black-tailed deer, elk, dolphin, Pacific gray whale, common merganser, osprey, red-shouldered hawk, great blue heron, northwestern ringneck snake, northern red-legged frog, Pacific giant salamander, and rough-skinned newt This park and the co-managed state parks protect almost half of all remaining coastal redwoods, the tallest trees on earth.
Rocky MountainColoradoEstes Park and Grand LakeJanuary 26, 1915265,828.4 1075.84,155,916Lakes, montane and subalpine forests, and alpine tundraLongs Peak142594346Bear Lake to Fern Lake Loop TrailMule deer, elk, black bear, bighorn sheep, pronghorn, coyote, fox, mountain lion, bobcat, squirrel, chipmunk, rabbit, vole, tiger salamander, boreal toad, western chorus frog, wood frog, garter snake, white-tailed ptarmigan, blue grouse, gray jay, Clark's nutcracker, Williamson's sapsucker, three-toed woodpecker, mountain chickadee, pygmy nuthatch, American dipper, western tanager, pine grosbeak, red crossbill, Townsend's solitare, brown-capped rosy finch, black swift, and northern pygmy owlThe park features the famous Trail Ridge Road, reaching an elevation of more than 12000 feet (3700 m), which is one of the most spectacular places in the world to star gaze.
SaguaroArizonaTucsonOctober 14, 199491,439.7370753,446The Sonoran Desert and mountainsMica Mountain86662641King Canyon TrailBobcat, mountain lion, black bear, raccoon, ringtail, coyote, fox, bat, javelina, badger, skunk, rabbit, squirrel, chipmunk, Gila monster, desert tortoise, rattlesnake, lizard, greater roadrunner, Gila woodpecker, Gambel's quail, northern goshawk, yellow-eyed junco, and Mexican jayThe park gets its name from a kind of large cactus that is native to the region.
SequoiaCaliforniaVisaliaSeptember 25, 1890404,051.2 1635.11,097,464Mountains, forests, caves, and waterfallsMount Whitney145054421Moro Rock TrailCoyote, badger, black bear, sheep, deer, fox, cougar, woodpecker, turtle, owl, opossum, snake, wolverine, roadrunner, beaver, frog, and muskratThe park is famous for its giant sequoia trees, including the General Sherman tree, the largest tree on Earth.
ShenandoahVirginiaFront RoyalMay 22, 1926199,045.2 805.51,321,873Mountains, forests, and waterfallsHawksbill Mountain40511235Old Rag Loop Trail Black bear, coyote, striped skunk, spotted skunk, raccoon, beaver, river otter, opossum, woodchuck, fox, white-tailed deer, eastern cottontail rabbit, barred owl, Carolina chickadee, red-tailed hawk, wild turkey, brook trout, and bluehead chubThe Skyline Drive and Appalachian Trail run the entire length of this narrow park.
Theodore RooseveltNorth DakotaMedoraNovember 10, 197870,446.9 285.1580,033Forests, grasslands, flood plains, rivers, and streamsPeck Hill2860870Petrified Forest TrailBison, coyote, cougar, feral horse, badger, elk, bighorn sheep, white-tailed deer, mule deer, prairie dog, golden eagle, sharp-tailed grouse, and wild turkeyThis region enticed and influenced President Theodore Roosevelt.
Virgin IslandsUnited States Virgin IslandsCharlotte AmalieAugust 2, 195614,688.9 59.4438,372Beaches, mangrove forests, seagrass beds, coral reefs, and algal plainsBourdeaux Mountain1277389Reef Bay TrailWild donkey, deer, mongoose, pig, goat, bird, iguana, skink, tortoise, frog, and crabThis park has some of the best beaches in the world, famous for scuba diving and snorkeling.
VoyageursMinnesotaInternational FallsJanuary 8, 1971218,200.2883238,313Lakes, islands, bays, bluffs, and rock gardensTower near Mead Wood Road entrance1410430Locator Lake TrailTimber wolf, black bear, moose, white-tailed deer, fox, beaver, river otter, muskrat, snowshoe hare, weasel, bald eagle, loon, double-crested cormorant, owl, and warblerThe park's name commemorates the French-Canadian fur traders who were the first European settlers to frequently travel through the area.
Wind CaveSouth DakotaHot SpringsJanuary 9, 190328,295114.5612,198Caves and a mixed grass prairie above groundRankin Ridge50131528Highland Creek TrailRaccoon, elk, bison, coyote, skunk, badger, ermine, black-footed ferret, cougar, bobcat, red fox, mink, pronghorn, and prairie dogIt is the world's densest and most complex cave system.
Wrangell–​St. EliasAlaskaCopper CenterDecember 2, 19808,323,147.633682.680,366Mountain ranges, rivers, glaciers, icefields, and volcanoesMount Saint Elias180085489Root Glacier TrailDall sheep, mountain goat, caribou, wolf, black bear, grizzly bear, bison, lynx, wolverine, beaver, marten, porcupine, fox, coyote, marmot, river otter, ground squirrel, pika, and voleIt features Mount St. Elias, the second highest point in both the United States and Canada.
YellowstoneWyoming, Montana, and IdahoWest Yellowstone, Montana; Jackson Hole, Wyoming; Cody, Wyoming; Cooke City, Montana; Gardiner, Montana; Livingston, Montana; and Island Park, IdahoMarch 1, 18722,219,790.7 8983.24,097,710Mountain ranges, canyons, rivers, a supervolcano, waterfalls, hot springs, boiling mud pots, and geysersEagle Peak113583462Trail to Mount Washburn from Dunraven Pass Picnic AreaBison, elk, mule deer, wolf, coyote, pronghorn, black bear, grizzly bear, moose, mountain lion, bighorn sheep, mountain goat, western rattlesnake, painted turtle, boreal chorus frog, bald eagle, whooping crane, common loon, harlequin duck, osprey, and peregrine falconThis park is the first national park in the U.S. and is also widely held to be the first national park in the world.
YosemiteCaliforniaMariposaOctober 1, 1890761,266.23080.74,150,217Mountains, granite cliffs, lakes, glaciers, waterfalls, and old-growth forestsMount Lyell131143997Upper Yosemite Falls TrailMule deer, black bear, bobcat, mountain lion, coyote, fox, raccoon, bat, chipmunk, squirrel, gopher, lizard, snake, and Yosemite toadIt features the tallest waterfall in North America - the Yosemite Falls.
ZionUtahSpringdale, Orderville, and Cedar CityNovember 19, 1919146,597.6593.33,648,846Mountains, canyons, buttes, mesas, monoliths, rivers, slot canyons, and natural archesHorse Ranch Mountain87262660Angels Landing Trail; The Narrows Mule deer, rock squirrel, pinyon jay, whiptail lizard, collared lizard, desert cottontail, jackrabbit, Merriam's kangaroo rat, cougar, bobcat, coyote, badger, gray fox, ring-tail cat, golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, peregrine falcon, and white-throated swiftIt is home to one of the greatest engineering feats of modern times: the Zion-Mt. Carmel Highway and Tunnel.
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