National Parks in the United States
Currently there are 59 national parks in the United States created to conserve the areas of great natural, ecological or cultural value. This alphabetical list of national parks can help you learn some key facts, including their locations, dates of establishment as national parks, areas, natural features, and so on.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 17, 2017
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|National Park||Picture||State or Territory||Nearest City||Date of Establishment||Area (acres)||Area (square kilometers)||Number of Visitors (2015)||Natural Feature||Highest Peak||Peak Height (feet)||Peak Height (m)||Popular Trail||Examples of Wildlife||Fact|
|Acadia||Maine||Bar Harbor||February 26, 1919||47,389.7||191.8||2,811,184||Mountains, an ocean shoreline, woodlands, and lakes||Cadillac Mountain||1529||470||Beehive Trail||Red and gray squirrel, chipmunk, snowshoe hare, white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, porcupine, mink, muskrat, fox, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, black bear, and peregrine falcon||It features the tallest mountain on the Atlantic coast of the United States.|
|American Samoa||American Samoa||Pago Pago||October 31, 1988||9,000||36.4||13,892||Coral reefs, rainforests, volcanic mountains, and white beaches||Lata Mountain||3159||963||Mt. Alava Trail||Flying fox, brown booby, sea turtle, and a variety of fish||It is the southernmost national park in the United States.|
|Arches||Utah||Moab||November 12, 1971||76,519||309.7||1,399,247||More than 2000 natural sandstone arches, stone columns, spires, fins, and towers||Elephant Butte||5653||1723||Delicate Arch Trail||Spadefoot toad, antelope squirrel, scrub jay, peregrine falcon, sparrow, red fox, desert bighorn sheep, kangaroo rat, mule deer, cougar, midget faded rattlesnake, yucca moth, western rattlesnake, and western collared lizard||It contains the highest density of natural arches in the world.|
|Badlands||South Dakota||Rapid City||November 10, 1978||242,755.9||982.4||989,354||Buttes, pinnacles, spires, and grass prairies||Red Shirt Table||3340||1020||Notch Trail||Badger, bighorn sheep, bison, black-billed magpie, black-footed ferret, black-tailed prairie dog, bobcat, coyote, elk, mule deer, pronghorn, prairie rattlesnake, porcupine, swift fox, and white-tailed deer||It has the world's richest fossil beds from the Oligocene epoch.|
|Big Bend||Texas||Alpine||June 12, 1944||801,163.2||3242.2||381,747||The Chihuahuan Desert, mountains, canyons along the Rio Grande, and a wide variety of Cretaceous and Tertiary fossils||Emory Peak||7832||2385||Lost Mine Trail||Cougar, coyote, kangaroo rat, greater roadrunner, golden eagle, gray fox, collared peccary, black-tailed jackrabbit, and Mexican black bears||It is the largest protected area of Chihuahuan Desert topography and ecology in the United States.|
|Biscayne||Florida||Homestead||June 28, 1980||172,924.1||699.8||525,745||Mangrove forests, the Bay, the Keys, and coral reefs||Totten Key||9||2.7||Elliott Key||West Indian manatee, American crocodile, sea turtle, and peregrine falcon||95% of the park is water, and the offshore portion of the park includes the northernmost region of the Florida Reef, one of the largest coral reefs in the world.|
|Black Canyon of the Gunnison||Colorado||Montrose||October 21, 1999||32,950||133.3||209,166||The Gunnison River and the canyon made of gneiss and schist||Poison Spring Hill||9040||2760||North Vista Trail to Exclamation Point Overlook||Pronghorn, black bear, coyote, muskrat, lizard, cougar, raccoon, beaver, elk, river otter, bobcat, mule deer, American dipper, eagle, hawk, owl, and Steller's jay||The canyon's name owes itself to the fact that parts of the gorge only receive 33 minutes of sunlight a day.|
|Bryce Canyon||Utah||Tropic and Panguitch||February 25, 1928||35,835.1||145||1,745,804||Giant natural amphitheaters with hoodoos along the eastern side of the Paunsaugunt Plateau||Rainbow Point||9115||2778||Navajo/Queens Garden Loop Trail||Utah prairie dog, California condor, southwestern willow flycatcher, mule deer, fox, badger, porcupine, elk, black bear, bobcat, and woodpecker||Despite its name, it is technically not a canyon.|
|Canyonlands||Utah||Moab||September 12, 1964||337,597.8||1366.2||634,607||Canyons, buttes, and mesas||Cathedral Point||7120||2170||Mesa Arch Trail||Black bear, coyote, skunk, bat, elk, fox, bobcat, badger, ring-tailed cat, pronghorn, cougar, desert cottontail, kangaroo rat, mule deer, lizard, snake, and a variety of hawks and eagles||The park is divided into four districts: the Island in the Sky, the Needles, the Maze, and the combined rivers—the Green and Colorado—which carved two large canyons into the Colorado Plateau.|
|Capitol Reef||Utah||Torrey||December 18, 1971||241,904.3||979||941,029||Waterpocket Fold (monocline), monoliths, sandstone domes, and cliffs shaped like the United States Capitol||Park boundary near Billings Pass||8960||2730||Hickman Bridge Trail||Mule deer, beaver, yellow bellied marmot, bighorn sheep, mountain lion, coyote, lizard, snake, and a variety of bird species||The park features the nearly 100 mi (160 km) long up-thrust formation called the Waterpocket Fold, which is the largest exposed monocline in North America.|
|Carlsbad Caverns||New Mexico||Carlsbad||May 14, 1930||46,766.5||189.3||445,720||117 caves, the Chihuahuan Desert, and the Rattlesnake Springs||Guadalupe Ridge||6535||1992||Carlsbad Caverns Natural Entrance Tour||Over 400000 Mexican free-tailed bats and sixteen other species||Its large cave chamer called The Big Room is the fifth largest chamber in North America and the twenty-eighth largest in the world.|
|Channel Islands||California||Santa Barbara||March 5, 1980||249,561||1009.9||324,816||Islands, mountains, sea caves, canyons, and rocky shores||El Montañon||1812||552||Smugglers Cove Trail||Deer mouse, spotted skunk, Channel Islands fox, island fence lizard, island scrub jay, harbor seal, California sea lion, island fox, spotted skunk, island night lizard, barn owl, American kestrel, horned lark, meadowlark, California brown pelican, and a variety of marine life||It is renowned for its large number of complex, beautiful sea caves.|
|Congaree||South Carolina||Eastover||November 10, 2003||26,545.9||107.4||87,513||Old-growth floodplain forests||Old Bluff Road near main entrance||140||43||Boardwalk Loop Trail||Bobcat, deer, feral pig, feral dog, coyote, armadillo, turkey, otter, turtle, snake, alligator, and many types of fish||It preserves the largest tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in the United States.|
|Crater Lake||Oregon||Klamath Falls||May 22, 1902||183,224.1||741.5||614,712||Crater Lake, a remnant of a destroyed volcano, Mount Mazama, and the surrounding hills and forests||Mount Scott||8929||2722||Cleetwood Cove Trail||Canadian lynx, bobcat, beaver, chipmunk, pika, fox, cougar, squirrel, porcupine, black bear, coyote, timber wolf, badger, deer, elk, muskrat, marten, Canada goose, spotted owl, and a variety of raptors||The park features the deepest lake in the United States.|
|Cuyahoga Valley||Ohio||Cleveland and Akron||October 11, 2000||32,950||133.3||2,284,612||The Cuyahoga River, waterfalls, hills, and caves||Black & Brush Roads||1164||355||Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail||Raccoon, muskrat, coyote, skunk, red fox, beaver, peregrine falcon, river otter, bald eagle, opossum, mole, white-tailed deer, Canada goose, gray fox, mink, and great blue heron||The park has numerous historic homes, bridges, and structures. It also offers a scenic train ride.|
|Death Valley||California and Nevada||Lone Pine, California and Beatty, Nevada||October 31, 1994||3,372,402||13647.6||1,154,843||Canyons, badlands, sand dunes, salt-flats, valleys, and mountains||Telescope Peak||11049||3368||Badwater Salt Flats Trail||Bighorn sheep, coyote, bobcat, kit fox, cougar, mule deer, and the Death Valley pupfish||It is the hottest, lowest, and driest place in the United States.|
|Denali||Alaska||Healy||February 26, 1917||4,740,911.7||19185.8||560,757||Mountains, glaciers, glacial valleys, lakes, and rivers||Denali||20310||6190||Savage River Loop Trail||Grizzly bear, black bear, caribou, Dall sheep, Alaskan moose, wolf, coyote, hoary marmot, shrew, Arctic ground squirrel, beaver, pika, snowshoe hare, red fox, marten, Canadian lynx, trout, salmon, Arctic grayling, and a variety of birds||It features the tallest mountain in North America.|
|Dry Tortugas||Florida||Key West||October 26, 1992||64,701.2||261.8||70,862||Coral islands, coral reefs, sand banks, and seagrass beds||Loggerhead Key||10||3||Fort Jefferson Loop Trail||Sooty tern, brown noddy, brown pelican, magnificent frigatebird, masked booby, roseate tern, bridled tern, mourning dove, and a variety of marine life||Its centerpiece is Fort Jefferson, which is the largest brick masonry structure in the Western Hemisphere.|
|Everglades||Florida||Florida City and Everglades City||May 30, 1934||1,508,537.9||6104.8||1,077,427||Mangrove and tropical rainforest ecosystem||Calusa shell mound||20||6.1||Anhinga Trail||Florida panther, American crocodile, West Indian manatee, and a variety of other species||It is the largest tropical wilderness in the United States.|
|Gates of the Arctic||Alaska||Bettles||December 2, 1980||7,523,897.7||30448.1||10,745||Mountains and rivers||Mount Igikpak||8276||2523||No established trails||Fox, black bear, bald eagle, Dall sheep, marmot, snowshoe hare, northern hawk-owl, muskoxen, golden eagle, Alaskan moose, brown bear, coyote, Canadian lynx, polar bear, peregrine falcon, muskrat, great horned owl, river otter, osprey, beaver, timber wolf, and caribou||It is the northernmost park in the United States.|
|Glacier||Montana||Columbia Falls||May 11, 1910||1,013,572.4||4101.8||2,366,056||Glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, and mountains||Mount Cleveland||10466||3190||Highline Loop Trail||Grizzly bear, Canadian lynx, black bear, wolverine, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, moose, elk, mule deer, skunk, white-tailed deer, bobcat, coyote, cougar, bald eagle, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, osprey, great blue heron, tundra swan, Canada goose, American wigeon, garter snake, and western painted turtle||The park features the world's best-preserved sedimentary fossils from the Proterozoic era.|
|Glacier Bay||Alaska||Juneau||December 2, 1980||3,224,840.3||13050.5||551,353||Glaciers, mountains, fjords, and a temperate rainforest||Mount Fairweather||15300||4700||Bartlett River Trail||Grizzly bear, black bear, wolf, coyote, Alaskan moose, Sitka black-tailed deer, red fox, raccoon, wolverine, marmot, dall sheep, Canadian lynx, mountain goat, cougar, bald eagle, golden eagle, woodpecker, hummingbird, raven, falcon, hawk, osprey, owl, salmon, sea otter, harbor seal, Steller sea lion, Pacific white-sided dolphin, orca, minke whale, and humpback whale||The glaciers have receded more than 65 miles since the park was first discovered in 1794.|
|Grand Canyon||Arizona||Fredonia and Tusayan||February 26, 1919||1,217,403.3||4926.7||5,520,736||Canyons formed by the Colorado River||Lookout tower near the North Rim's main entrance||9165||2793||Bright Angel Trail||Mountain lion, coyote, bobcat, raccoon, elk, mule deer, bat, California condor, Ornate Tree lizard, and Grand Canyon rattlesnake||As of 2015, the park received the second highest count of visitors among all U.S. national parks.|
|Grand Teton||Wyoming||Jackson||February 26, 1929||309,994.7||1254.5||3,149,921||Mountains, lakes, rivers, glaciers, and canyons||Grand Teton||13770||4200||Cascade Canyon Trail||Gray wolf, grizzly bear, black bear, coyote, river otter, marten, badger, cougar, Canadian lynx, wolverine, elk, bison, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, moose, calliope hummingbird, trumpeter swan, and Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout||Noted for world-renowned trout fishing, the park is one of the few places to catch Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout.|
|Great Basin||Neveda||Ely, Baker, and Border||October 27, 1986||77,180||312.3||116,123||5000-year-old bristlecone pines, a rock glacier, and the limestone Lehman Caves||Wheeler Peak||13065||3982||Wheeler Peak Trail||Townsend's big-eared bat, pronghorn, Bonneville cutthroat trout, Jackrabbit, pygmy rabbit, mountain cottontail, ground squirrel, chipmunk, coyote, kit fox, badger, cougar, bobcat, marmot, rock squirrel, mountain sheep, Canada goose, hawk, sparrow, bald eagle, Tundra swan, barn owl, snow goose, killdeer, and golden eagle||It has some of the country's darkest night skies.|
|Great Sand Dunes||Colorado||Alamosa||September 13, 2004||42,983.7||173.9||299,513||Sand dunes, grasslands, shrublands, wetlands, alpine lakes, mountains, and old-growth forests||Tijeras Peak||13610||4150||High Dune Trail||Pika, bighorn sheep, black bear, cougar, beaver, badger, bison, pronghorn, Great Sand Dunes tiger beetle, short-horned lizard, plateau lizard, many-lined skink, bullsnake, garter snake, Rio Grande cutthroat trout, Rio Grande sucker, fathead minnow, tiger salamander, chorus frog, northern leopard frog, spadefoot, Great Plains toad, Woodhouse's toad, brown-capped rosy finch, red-breasted nuthatch, and mountain bluebird||It features the tallest sand dunes in North America.|
|Great Smoky Mountains||Tennessee and North Carolina||Gatlinburg, Tennessee and Cherokee, North Carolina||June 15, 1934||521,490.1||2110.4||10,721,674||Mountains, old-growth forests, waterfalls, and mountain streams||Clingmans Dome||6643||2025||Alum Cave Trail to Mount LeConte||Black bear, raccoon, bobcat, fox, river otter, woodchuck, beaver, squirrel, opossum, coyote, white-tailed deer, chipmunk, skunk, and various species of bats||It is the most visited national park in the United States.|
|Guadalupe Mountains||Texas||Dell City||October 15, 1966||86,416||349.7||169,535||Mountains, deserts, grassland, canyons, and caves||Guadalupe Peak||8749||2667||Guadalupe Peak Trail||Elk, gray fox, black bear, coyote, bobcat, striped and hog-nosed skunk, badger, bat, mule deer, mountain lion, great horned owl, chickadee, sparrow, barn owl, woodpecker, turkey vulture, greater roadrunner, hummingbird, peregrine falcon, golden eagle, wren, and grosbeak||It features the highest point in Texas.|
|Haleakalā||Hawaii||Pukalani||August 1, 1916||29,093.7||117.7||1,216,772||The Haleakalā volcano, a unique forest of alien trees, and scenic pools||Haleakalā||10023||3055||Halemau'u Trail||Hawaiian petrel, Hawaiian goose, honeycreeper, and water bear||It is home to the greatest number of endangered species within a U.S. national park.|
|Hawaii Volcanoes||Hawaii||Hilo||August 1, 1916||323,431.4||1308.9||1,832,660||Volcanoes, lowlands, mid-elevation woodlands, rain forests, upland forests, and a sea coastline||Mauna Loa||13679||4169||Kilauea Iki Trail||Hawaiian petrel, Hawaiian goose, Hawaiian hawk, and Hawaiian honeycreeper||It encompasses two active volcanoes. Kīlauea is one of the world's most active volcanoes, and Mauna Loa is the world's most massive shield volcano.|
|Hot Springs||Arkansas||Hot Springs||March 4, 1921||5,549.8||22.5||1,418,162||Mountains, springs, and old-growth forests||Music Mountain||1405||428||Sunset Trail||White tail deer, turkey, squirrel, rabbit, Virginia opossum, gray fox, coyote, skunk, raccoon, gopher, long-tailed weasel, mink, rat, chipmunk, frog, and nine-banded armadillo||It is the smallest and the only national park in an urban area.|
|Isle Royale||Michigan||Thunder Bay, Ontario||April 3, 1940||571,790.1||2314||18,684||Lake Superior, islands, and submerged lands||Mount Desor||1394||425||Greenstone Ridge Trail||Wolf, moose, river otter, beaver, hare, and fox||The park is made up of the largest island in Lake Superior as well as approximately 400 smaller islands.|
|Joshua Tree||California||Twentynine Palms and San Bernardino||October 31, 1994||789,745.5||3196||2,025,756||Deserts, bleached sand dunes, dry lakes, rugged mountains, and clusters of monzogranite monoliths||Quail Mountain||5813||1772||Ryan Mountain Trail||Desert bighorn sheep, mule deer, California tree frog, red-spotted toad, golden eagle, roadrunner, Gambel's quail, scorpion, snake, kangaroo rat, coyote, and black-tailed jackrabbit||There are 8000 rock climbing routes in this park.|
|Katmai||Alaska||King Salmon||December 2, 1980||3,674,529.7||14870.3||37,818||Mountains, volcanoes, glaciers, lakes, and a coastline||Mount Denison||7606||2318||Brooks Falls Trail||Alaskan brown bear, salmon, snowshoe hare, Alaskan moose, wolf, caribou, coyote, beaver, Canadian lynx, wolverine, river otter, mink, red fox, weasel, porcupine, marten, harbor seal, sea lion, sea otter, beluga whale, orca, and gray whale||It is notable for the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes and for its Alaskan brown bears.|
|Kenai Fjords||Alaska||Seward||December 2, 1980||669,983||2711.3||296,697||A glaciated coastline, icefields, fjords, and mountains||Unnamed nunatak||6450||1970||Harding Icefield Trail||Wolf, porcupine, Canadian lynx, brown bear, black bear, Alaskan moose, mountain goat, coyote, beaver, river otter, sea otter, harbor seal, sea lion, orca, fin whale, humpback whale, minke whale, Dall's porpoise, Pacific white-sided dolphin, bald eagle, black-billed magpie, Steller's jay, horned puffin, and marbled murrelet||It features the Harding Icefield, which is one of the largest ice fields in the United States.|
|Kings Canyon||California||Fresno||March 4, 1940||461,901.2||1869.2||468,106||Mountains, rivers, glacial canyons, caves, old-growth forests, meadows, and waterfalls||North Palisade||14242||4341||Lakes Trail to the Watchtower||Chickaree, gray squirrel, golden-mantled ground squirrel, mule deer, black bear, cougar, western tanager, violet-green swallow, white-throated swift, Wilson's warbler, olive-sided flycatcher, hermit thrush, western bluebird, pileated woodpecker, bighorn sheep, marmot, pika, white-tailed jackrabbit, Clark's nutcracker, mountain bluebird, and gray-crowned rosy finch||The park features the famous General Grant tree, which is the second largest tree in the world.|
|Kobuk Valley||Alaska||Kotzebue||December 2, 1980||1,750,716.5||7084.9||16,875 (2013 data)||The Kobuk River, mountains, wetlands, sand dunes, and glaciers||Mount Angayukaqsraq||4760||1450||No established trails||Caribou, moose, wolf, red fox, black bear, brown bear, beaver, river otter, Canadian lynx, Dall's sheep, wolverine, marten, mink, porcupine, muskrat, snowshoe hare, salmon, and sheefish||The park is entirely above the Arctic Circle.|
|Lake Clark||Alaska||Anchorage||December 2, 1980||2,619,733.2||10601.7||17,818||Lakes, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers, waterfalls, a coastline with rainforests, a tundra plateau, and mountain ranges||Redoubt Volcano||10197||3108||Telaquana Lake to Twin Lakes Trail||Brown bear, black bear, bald eagle, golden eagle, Dall's sheep, Alaskan moose, caribou, peregrine falcon, wolf, coyote, marten, red fox, wolverine, river otter, beaver, Canadian lynx, sea lion, beluga whale, harbor seal, porpoise, and sockeye salmon||The park includes a variety of natural features not found together in any other Alaska parks.|
|Lassen Volcanic||California||Redding and Susanville||August 9, 1916||106,372.4||430.5||468,092||Volcanoes, lava pinnacles, a lava plateau, craters, steaming sulfur vents, glaciated canyons, lakes, and streams||Lassen Peak||10457||3187||Lassen Peak Trail||Black bear, fox, mule deer, marten, cougar, brown creeper, chipmunk, raccoon, mountain chickadee, squirrel, white-headed woodpecker, coyote, bobcat, weasel, long-toed salamander, skunk, and a wide variety of bat species||It features the largest plug dome volcano in the world.|
|Mammoth Cave||Kentucky||Brownsville||July 1, 1941||52,830.2||213.8||566,895||Caves and the Green River||Mammoth Cave Ridge near Park Ridge Road||925||282||Wild Cave Tour||Eight bat species, Kentucky cave shrimp, northern cavefish, and cave salamander||It is by far the world's longest cave system.|
|Mesa Verde||Colorado||Mancos||June 29, 1906||52,121.9||210.9||547,325||Cuestas, canyons, and streams||Park Point Lookout||8571||2612||Petroglyph Point Trail||Rocky Mountain elk, mule deer, mountain lion, bobcat, black bear, raccoon, coyote, gray fox, red fox, porcupine, beaver, chipmunk, Merriam’s shrew, lizard, and snake||The park protects some of the best preserved Ancestral Puebloan archaeological sites in the United States.|
|Mount Rainier||Washington||Tacoma||March 2, 1899||235,625||953.5||1,237,231||A stratovolcano, mountains, valleys, waterfalls, subalpine meadows, old-growth forests, and glaciers||Mount Rainier||14411||4392||Skyline Trail||Cougar, black bear, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, snowshoe hare, weasel, mole, beaver, red fox, porcupine, skunk, marmot, deer, marten, shrew, pika, elk, mountain goat, thrush, chickadee, kinglet, northern goshawk, willow flycatcher, spotted owl, steller's jay, Clark's nutcracker, bald eagle, ptarmigan, harlequin duck, grouse, peregrine falcon, gray jay, golden eagle, grosbeak, and finch||Paradise, an area on the south slope of the park, is one of the snowiest places in the world.|
|North Cascades||Washington||Mount Vernon||October 2, 1968||504,780.9||2042.8||20,677||Mountain ranges, glaciers, lakes, and rivers||Goode Mountain||9206||2806||Cascade Pass Trail||Timber wolf, coyote, bobcat, Canadian lynx, cougar, moose, elk, river otter, golden eagle, hoary marmot, bald eagle, pika, wolverine, mountain goat, grizzly bear, black bear, western toad, rough-skinned newt, and a variety of fish||Mount Shuksan, in the northwest corner of the park, is one of the most photographed mountains in the United States.|
|Olympic||Washington||Port Angeles||June 29, 1938||922,650.9||3733.8||3,263,761||A coastline, glaciated mountains, and a temperate rainforest||Mount Olympus||7962||2427||Hoh River Trail||Chipmunk, squirrel, skunk, weasel, coyote, muskrat, fisher, river otter, beaver, red fox, mountain goat, marten, bobcat, black bear, Canadian lynx, mole, snowshoe hare, shrew, and cougar, whale, dolphin, sea lion, seal, sea otter, winter wren, gray jay, Hammond's flycatcher, Wilson's warbler, and raven||The rainforests in this park feature the wettest area in the continental United States.|
|Petrified Forest||Arizona||Holbrook||December 9, 1962||93,532.6||378.5||793,225||Petrified wood deposits, hills, badlands, and streams||Pilot Rock||6234||1900||Blue Mesa Trail||Pronghorn, black-tailed jackrabbit, Gunnison's prairie dog, coyote, bobcat, fox, lizard, snake, toad, golden eagle, western meadowlark, raven, and Anna's hummingbird||This park is known for its fossils, especially fallen trees that lived in the Late Triassic Period. Dinosaur fossils were also found in this park.|
|Pinnacles||California||Soledad||January 10, 2013||26,605.7||107.7||206,533||Woodlands, a riparian zone, and grasslands||North Chalone Peak||3304||1007||Condor Gulch to High Peaks Loop Trail||Prairie falcon, coyote, skunk, great horned owl, bobcat, California quail, raccoon, wild turkey, gray fox, golden eagle, and cougar||The park's namesakes are the eroded leftovers of the western half of an extinct volcano.|
|Redwood||California||Crescent City||October 2, 1968||112,512.1||455.3||527,143||Forests, rivers, prairies, an estuary, and a coastline||Coyote Peak||3170||970||James Irvine/Miners Ridge Loop Trail||Tidewater goby, Chinook salmon, northern spotted owl, Steller's sea lion, black bear, coyote, cougar, bobcat, beaver, river otter, black-tailed deer, elk, dolphin, Pacific gray whale, common merganser, osprey, red-shouldered hawk, great blue heron, northwestern ringneck snake, northern red-legged frog, Pacific giant salamander, and rough-skinned newt||This park and the co-managed state parks protect almost half of all remaining coastal redwoods, the tallest trees on earth.|
|Rocky Mountain||Colorado||Estes Park and Grand Lake||January 26, 1915||265,828.4||1075.8||4,155,916||Lakes, montane and subalpine forests, and alpine tundra||Longs Peak||14259||4346||Bear Lake to Fern Lake Loop Trail||Mule deer, elk, black bear, bighorn sheep, pronghorn, coyote, fox, mountain lion, bobcat, squirrel, chipmunk, rabbit, vole, tiger salamander, boreal toad, western chorus frog, wood frog, garter snake, white-tailed ptarmigan, blue grouse, gray jay, Clark's nutcracker, Williamson's sapsucker, three-toed woodpecker, mountain chickadee, pygmy nuthatch, American dipper, western tanager, pine grosbeak, red crossbill, Townsend's solitare, brown-capped rosy finch, black swift, and northern pygmy owl||The park features the famous Trail Ridge Road, reaching an elevation of more than 12000 feet (3700 m), which is one of the most spectacular places in the world to star gaze.|
|Saguaro||Arizona||Tucson||October 14, 1994||91,439.7||370||753,446||The Sonoran Desert and mountains||Mica Mountain||8666||2641||King Canyon Trail||Bobcat, mountain lion, black bear, raccoon, ringtail, coyote, fox, bat, javelina, badger, skunk, rabbit, squirrel, chipmunk, Gila monster, desert tortoise, rattlesnake, lizard, greater roadrunner, Gila woodpecker, Gambel's quail, northern goshawk, yellow-eyed junco, and Mexican jay||The park gets its name from a kind of large cactus that is native to the region.|
|Sequoia||California||Visalia||September 25, 1890||404,051.2||1635.1||1,097,464||Mountains, forests, caves, and waterfalls||Mount Whitney||14505||4421||Moro Rock Trail||Coyote, badger, black bear, sheep, deer, fox, cougar, woodpecker, turtle, owl, opossum, snake, wolverine, roadrunner, beaver, frog, and muskrat||The park is famous for its giant sequoia trees, including the General Sherman tree, the largest tree on Earth.|
|Shenandoah||Virginia||Front Royal||May 22, 1926||199,045.2||805.5||1,321,873||Mountains, forests, and waterfalls||Hawksbill Mountain||4051||1235||Old Rag Loop Trail||Black bear, coyote, striped skunk, spotted skunk, raccoon, beaver, river otter, opossum, woodchuck, fox, white-tailed deer, eastern cottontail rabbit, barred owl, Carolina chickadee, red-tailed hawk, wild turkey, brook trout, and bluehead chub||The Skyline Drive and Appalachian Trail run the entire length of this narrow park.|
|Theodore Roosevelt||North Dakota||Medora||November 10, 1978||70,446.9||285.1||580,033||Forests, grasslands, flood plains, rivers, and streams||Peck Hill||2860||870||Petrified Forest Trail||Bison, coyote, cougar, feral horse, badger, elk, bighorn sheep, white-tailed deer, mule deer, prairie dog, golden eagle, sharp-tailed grouse, and wild turkey||This region enticed and influenced President Theodore Roosevelt.|
|Virgin Islands||United States Virgin Islands||Charlotte Amalie||August 2, 1956||14,688.9||59.4||438,372||Beaches, mangrove forests, seagrass beds, coral reefs, and algal plains||Bourdeaux Mountain||1277||389||Reef Bay Trail||Wild donkey, deer, mongoose, pig, goat, bird, iguana, skink, tortoise, frog, and crab||This park has some of the best beaches in the world, famous for scuba diving and snorkeling.|
|Voyageurs||Minnesota||International Falls||January 8, 1971||218,200.2||883||238,313||Lakes, islands, bays, bluffs, and rock gardens||Tower near Mead Wood Road entrance||1410||430||Locator Lake Trail||Timber wolf, black bear, moose, white-tailed deer, fox, beaver, river otter, muskrat, snowshoe hare, weasel, bald eagle, loon, double-crested cormorant, owl, and warbler||The park's name commemorates the French-Canadian fur traders who were the first European settlers to frequently travel through the area.|
|Wind Cave||South Dakota||Hot Springs||January 9, 1903||28,295||114.5||612,198||Caves and a mixed grass prairie above ground||Rankin Ridge||5013||1528||Highland Creek Trail||Raccoon, elk, bison, coyote, skunk, badger, ermine, black-footed ferret, cougar, bobcat, red fox, mink, pronghorn, and prairie dog||It is the world's densest and most complex cave system.|
|Wrangell–St. Elias||Alaska||Copper Center||December 2, 1980||8,323,147.6||33682.6||80,366||Mountain ranges, rivers, glaciers, icefields, and volcanoes||Mount Saint Elias||18008||5489||Root Glacier Trail||Dall sheep, mountain goat, caribou, wolf, black bear, grizzly bear, bison, lynx, wolverine, beaver, marten, porcupine, fox, coyote, marmot, river otter, ground squirrel, pika, and vole||It features Mount St. Elias, the second highest point in both the United States and Canada.|
|Yellowstone||Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho||West Yellowstone, Montana; Jackson Hole, Wyoming; Cody, Wyoming; Cooke City, Montana; Gardiner, Montana; Livingston, Montana; and Island Park, Idaho||March 1, 1872||2,219,790.7||8983.2||4,097,710||Mountain ranges, canyons, rivers, a supervolcano, waterfalls, hot springs, boiling mud pots, and geysers||Eagle Peak||11358||3462||Trail to Mount Washburn from Dunraven Pass Picnic Area||Bison, elk, mule deer, wolf, coyote, pronghorn, black bear, grizzly bear, moose, mountain lion, bighorn sheep, mountain goat, western rattlesnake, painted turtle, boreal chorus frog, bald eagle, whooping crane, common loon, harlequin duck, osprey, and peregrine falcon||This park is the first national park in the U.S. and is also widely held to be the first national park in the world.|
|Yosemite||California||Mariposa||October 1, 1890||761,266.2||3080.7||4,150,217||Mountains, granite cliffs, lakes, glaciers, waterfalls, and old-growth forests||Mount Lyell||13114||3997||Upper Yosemite Falls Trail||Mule deer, black bear, bobcat, mountain lion, coyote, fox, raccoon, bat, chipmunk, squirrel, gopher, lizard, snake, and Yosemite toad||It features the tallest waterfall in North America - the Yosemite Falls.|
|Zion||Utah||Springdale, Orderville, and Cedar City||November 19, 1919||146,597.6||593.3||3,648,846||Mountains, canyons, buttes, mesas, monoliths, rivers, slot canyons, and natural arches||Horse Ranch Mountain||8726||2660||Angels Landing Trail; The Narrows||Mule deer, rock squirrel, pinyon jay, whiptail lizard, collared lizard, desert cottontail, jackrabbit, Merriam's kangaroo rat, cougar, bobcat, coyote, badger, gray fox, ring-tail cat, golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, peregrine falcon, and white-throated swift||It is home to one of the greatest engineering feats of modern times: the Zion-Mt. Carmel Highway and Tunnel.|