# Mathematicians

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Name | Picture | Birth Year | Death Year | Birthplace | Fact #1 | Fact #2 | Writings | Famous quotes |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Galois | 1811 | 1832 | France | Determined a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals | ||||

Euclid | Mid-4th century BC | Mid-3rd century BC | Alexandria, Egypt | Elements (c300 BC) | ||||

Srinivasa Ramanujan | 1887 | 1920 | Tamil Nadu, India | Had no formal training in pure mathematics | The number 1729 (It is the smallest number expressible as the sum of cubes two different ways_ | Notebooks (2 Volumes, 1957) | ||

Rene Descartes | 1596 | 1650 | La Haye en Touraine, France | "I think therefore I am." | "It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well." | La Geometrie (1637) | ||

Julia Robinson | 1919 | 1985 | Oakland, California | |||||

Leonhard Euler | 1707 | 1783 | Basel, Switzerland | Introduced the concept of a function | Introductio in analysin infinitorum (Introduction to the Analysis of the Infinite) (1748) | |||

David Hilbert | 1862 | 1943 | Koningsberg, Prussia | Mathematics knows no races or geographic boundaries; for mathematics, the cultural world is one country. | Formulated the theory of ----- spaces, one of the foundations of functional analysis. | Grundlagen der Geometrie (1899) | ||

G. W. Leibniz | 1646 | 1716 | Leipzig, Germany | Law of Continuity (Nature does not make jumps) | Credited, along with Sir Isaac Newton, with the discovery of calculus | Nova methodus pro maximis et minimis (1684) | ||

Bernhard Riemann | 1826 | 1866 | Berselenz, Germany | Established a geometric foundation for complex analysis through ---------- surfaces | On the hypotheses which lie at the foundation of geometry (1868) | |||

Henri Poincare | 1854 | 1912 | Nancy, France | Every simply connected, closed 3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere. | Differential equations | Analysis situs (1895) | ||

Pierre de Fermat | 1601 | 1665 | Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France | Number Theory | Ad Locos Planos et Solidos Isagoge, ("Introduction to Plane and Solid Loci") | |||

John von Neumann | 1903 | 1957 | Budapest, Hungary | Worked on the Manhattan project | Theory of Games and Economic Behavior (1944) | |||

Georg Cantor | 1845 | 1918 | St. Petersburg, Russia | Set theory | The set of all real numbers is uncountably, rather than countably, infinite | Über eine Eigenschaft des Inbegriffes aller reellen algebraischen Zahlen (1874) | ||

Augustin Cauchy | 1789 | 1857 | Sceaux, France | Cours d'Analyse (1821) | ||||

Arthur Cayley | 1821 | 1895 | Richmond, UK | An Elementary Treatise on Elliptic Functions (1876) | ||||

Johannes Muller von Konigsberg | 1436 | 1476 | Germany | |||||

Qin Jiushao | 1202 | 1261 | Ziyang, China | Chinese remainder theorem | Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections (1247) | |||

Carl Friedrich Gauss | 1777 | 1855 | Germany | Added the numbers 1 to 100 in seconds at the age of 8 (according to legend) | Every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers | Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (1801) | ||

Benoit Mandelbrot | 1924 | 2010 | Warsaw, Poland | Fractal Geometry | Worked for IBM | How Long is the Coast of Britain? (1967) | ||

Hypatia | c350-370 | 415 | Alexandria, Egypt | |||||

Pythagoras | c570BC | C495BC | Samos, Greece | The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c). | ||||

Blaise Pascal | 1623 | 1662 | Clermont-Ferrand, France | Each number is the sum of the two directly above it. The triangle demonstrates many mathematical properties in addition to showing binomial coefficients. | "The eternal silence of these infinite spaces frightens me" | Traité du triangle arithmétique ("Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle") of 1653 | ||

Gerolamo Cardano | 1501 | 1576 | Pavia, Italy | Made the first systematic use of negative numbers | ||||

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī | c780 | c850 | Persia | His name was Latinized as Algoritmi | Algorithm stems from the Latin form of his name | |||

Claude Shannon | 1916 | 2001 | Petoskey, Michigan | Father of Information Theory | The Mathematical Theory of Communication (1948) | |||

Alan Turing | 1912 | 1954 | London, England | Participated in breaking German ciphers at Bletchley Park | The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis (1952) | |||

Leonardo Pisano Bigollo (Fibonacci) | 1170 | 1250 | Italy | Used as an example, a problem regarding the growth of a rabbit population | Liber Abaci (Book of Calculation) (around 1200) | |||

John Nash | 1928 | 2015 | West Virginia, USA | Won the Nobel Prize in economics in 1994 | Equilibrium Points in N-person Games (1950) | |||

Leopold Kronecker | 1823 | 1891 | Silesia, Prussia | Die ganzen Zahlen hat der liebe Gott gemacht, alles andere ist Menschenwerk ("God made the integers, all else is the work of man.") | ||||

Niels Henrik Abel | 1802 | 1829 | Froland, Norway | Proved that the general quintic equation could not be solved in radicals. | ||||

James A. Garfield | 1831 | 1881 | Moreland Hills, Ohio | Only US president to have published a math proof | Developed a trapezoid proof of the Pythagorean theorem | |||

Archimedes | c287BC | c212BC | Anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals | Considered one of the greatest mathematicians of antiquity | ||||

Isaac Newton | 1642 | 1726 | Woolsthorpe, England | Laws of motion | "If I have seen further than others, it is by standing up on the shoulders of giants." | Mathematical principles of Natural Philosophy (1687) |