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Mathematicians

a data set by SarahL
created November 1, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
NamePictureBirth YearDeath YearBirthplaceFact #1Fact #2WritingsFamous quotes
Galois18111832FranceDetermined a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals
EuclidMid-4th century BCMid-3rd century BCAlexandria, EgyptElements (c300 BC)
Srinivasa Ramanujan18871920Tamil Nadu, IndiaHad no formal training in pure mathematicsThe number 1729 (It is the smallest number expressible as the sum of cubes two different ways_Notebooks (2 Volumes, 1957)
Rene Descartes15961650La Haye en Touraine, France"I think therefore I am.""It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well."La Geometrie (1637)
Julia Robinson19191985Oakland, California
Leonhard Euler17071783Basel, SwitzerlandIntroduced the concept of a functionIntroductio in analysin infinitorum (Introduction to the Analysis of the Infinite) (1748)
David Hilbert18621943Koningsberg, PrussiaMathematics knows no races or geographic boundaries; for mathematics, the cultural world is one country.Formulated the theory of ----- spaces, one of the foundations of functional analysis.Grundlagen der Geometrie (1899)
G. W. Leibniz16461716Leipzig, GermanyLaw of Continuity (Nature does not make jumps) Credited, along with Sir Isaac Newton, with the discovery of calculusNova methodus pro maximis et minimis (1684)
Bernhard Riemann18261866Berselenz, GermanyEstablished a geometric foundation for complex analysis through ---------- surfacesOn the hypotheses which lie at the foundation of geometry (1868)
Henri Poincare18541912Nancy, FranceEvery simply connected, closed 3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere.Differential equationsAnalysis situs (1895)
Pierre de Fermat16011665Beaumont-de-Lomagne, FranceNumber TheoryAd Locos Planos et Solidos Isagoge, ("Introduction to Plane and Solid Loci")
John von Neumann19031957Budapest, HungaryWorked on the Manhattan projectTheory of Games and Economic Behavior (1944)
Georg Cantor18451918St. Petersburg, RussiaSet theoryThe set of all real numbers is uncountably, rather than countably, infiniteÜber eine Eigenschaft des Inbegriffes aller reellen algebraischen Zahlen (1874)
Augustin Cauchy17891857Sceaux, FranceCours d'Analyse (1821)
Arthur Cayley18211895Richmond, UKAn Elementary Treatise on Elliptic Functions (1876)
Johannes Muller von Konigsberg 14361476Germany
Qin Jiushao12021261Ziyang, ChinaChinese remainder theoremMathematical Treatise in Nine Sections (1247)
Carl Friedrich Gauss17771855GermanyAdded the numbers 1 to 100 in seconds at the age of 8 (according to legend)Every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbersDisquisitiones Arithmeticae (1801)
Benoit Mandelbrot19242010Warsaw, PolandFractal GeometryWorked for IBMHow Long is the Coast of Britain? (1967)
Hypatiac350-370415Alexandria, Egypt
Pythagorasc570BCC495BCSamos, GreeceThe sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c).
Blaise Pascal16231662Clermont-Ferrand, FranceEach number is the sum of the two directly above it. The triangle demonstrates many mathematical properties in addition to showing binomial coefficients."The eternal silence of these infinite spaces frightens me"Traité du triangle arithmétique ("Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle") of 1653
Gerolamo Cardano15011576Pavia, ItalyMade the first systematic use of negative numbers
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmīc780c850PersiaHis name was Latinized as AlgoritmiAlgorithm stems from the Latin form of his name
Claude Shannon19162001Petoskey, MichiganFather of Information TheoryThe Mathematical Theory of Communication (1948)
Alan Turing19121954London, EnglandParticipated in breaking German ciphers at Bletchley ParkThe Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis (1952)
Leonardo Pisano Bigollo (Fibonacci)11701250ItalyUsed as an example, a problem regarding the growth of a rabbit populationLiber Abaci (Book of Calculation) (around 1200)
John Nash19282015West Virginia, USAWon the Nobel Prize in economics in 1994Equilibrium Points in N-person Games (1950)
Leopold Kronecker18231891Silesia, PrussiaDie ganzen Zahlen hat der liebe Gott gemacht, alles andere ist Menschenwerk ("God made the integers, all else is the work of man.")
Niels Henrik Abel18021829Froland, NorwayProved that the general quintic equation could not be solved in radicals.
James A. Garfield18311881Moreland Hills, OhioOnly US president to have published a math proofDeveloped a trapezoid proof of the Pythagorean theorem
Archimedesc287BCc212BCAnticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimalsConsidered one of the greatest mathematicians of antiquity
Isaac Newton16421726Woolsthorpe, EnglandLaws of motion"If I have seen further than others, it is by standing up on the shoulders of giants."Mathematical principles of Natural Philosophy (1687)
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