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Macromolecules - Proteins and Lipids

Monomers and polymers in action! Let's create proteins and lipids.
a data set by FrauInge
created October 3, 2016
LipidsMacromolecule made of mostly carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils and waxes
FatsLipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol: protects body organs, insulates the body and stores energy
non-polarA molecule that is neutral - it has no positive or negative side
hydrocarbonsA molecule made up of just hydrogen and carbon
hydrophilica property of materials that dissolve well in water ; "water-loving"
hydrophobica property of materials that do not dissolve in water ; "water-fearing"
proteina macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes
amino acida compound with an amino groupon one end, a carboxyl group on the other end; the monomer for proteins
enzymea protein that is a catalyst (helps to make reactions happen)
catalysta substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
substratethe reactant in an enzyme catalyzedreaction
productan element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
R groupthe portion of the amino acid that is different in each acid
Carboxyl Group-COOH
amino group - NH2
Protein functions1) control rates of reaction 2) regulate cell processes 3) form bones and muscles 4) help with transport
Levels of protein organizationFour!
Functions of Lipids1) store energy 2) make up biological membranes and waterproof coverings 3) serve as messengers
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