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Macromolecules

Review of Macromolecules
a data set by lbaker
created October 11, 2016
COPY & EDIT
FAMILY TREE
TermDefinition
carbohydratesmade of monosaccharides give quick energy
dehydration reactionused to build macromolecules
hydrolysisused to break macromolecules
dissaccharides made of 2 sugars
starchplants store energy
chitinanimal structure carbohydrate
proteinsmade of amino acids
enzymes biological catalyst speed up chemical reactions
activation energyenergy needed to get a reaction started
enzyme specificitylock and key
aseenzymes end in
active sitewhat the substate attaches too
lipidsglycerol and 3 fatty acids
fatslong term energy storage and insulation
saturated fatssingle bonds in carbon chains solid at room temp
unsaturated fatsdouble bonds in carbon chain liquid at room temp
phospholipidsmake up the cell membranes
nucleic acidsmade up of nucleotides
DNAstores genetic information bluepring
RNAinvolved in protein synthesis
deoxyribosesugar in DNA
RiboseSugar in RNA
Double helixshape of DNA
Single helix shape of RNA
Nucleotidesugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
iodinetest for starch turns black
biurettest for proteins turns violet
benedictstest for sugars turns orange, green
brown paper test for lipids turns translucent
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