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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

Learn about 29 life science, physical science, and social science occupations.
a data set by mr_lee
created March 20, 2017
OccupationOccupation PictureJob SummaryEntry-Level Education2015 Median Pay
Agricultural and Food Science TechniciansAssist agricultural and food scientists by performing duties such as measuring and analyzing the quality of food and agricultural products.Associate's degree$36,480
Agricultural and Food ScientistsResearch ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.Bachelor's degree$62,470
Anthropologists and ArcheologistsStudy the origin, development, and behavior of humans. They examine the cultures, languages, archeological remains, and physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world.Master's degree$61,220
Atmospheric Scientists, Including MeteorologistsStudy the weather and climate, and how those conditions affect human activity and the earth in general.Bachelor's degree$89,820
Biochemists and BiophysicistsStudy the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes, such as cell development, growth, heredity, and disease.Doctoral or professional degree$82,150
Biological TechniciansHelp biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments.Bachelor's degree$41,650
Chemical TechniciansUse special instruments and techniques to help chemists and chemical engineers research, develop, produce, and test chemical products and processes.Associate's degree$44,660
Chemists and Materials ScientistsStudy substances at the atomic and molecular levels and the ways in which the substances interact with one another. They use their knowledge to develop new and improved products and to test the quality of manufactured goods.Bachelor's degree$72,610
Conservation Scientists and ForestersManage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.Bachelor's degree$60,220
EconomistsStudy the production and distribution of resources, goods, and services by collecting and analyzing data, researching trends, and evaluating economic issues.Master's degree$99,180
Environmental Science and Protection TechniciansMonitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution and contamination, including those affecting public health. In addition, they work to ensure that environmental violations are prevented.Associate's degree$43,030
Environmental Scientists and SpecialistsUse their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health. They may clean up polluted areas, advise policymakers, or work with industry to reduce waste.Bachelor's degree$67,460
EpidemiologistsThey are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans. They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research, community education, and health policy.Master's degree$69,450
Forensic Science TechniciansAid criminal investigations by collecting and analyzing evidence. Many specialize in either crime scene investigation or laboratory analysis. Most spend some time writing reports.Bachelor's degree$56,320
GeographersStudy the Earth and its land, features, and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures and study the physical and human geographic characteristics of regions ranging in scale from local to global.Bachelor's degree$74,260
Geological and Petroleum TechniciansProvide support to scientists and engineers in exploring and extracting natural resources, such as minerals, oil, and natural gas.Associate's degree$55,610
GeoscientistsStudy the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.Bachelor's degree$89,700
HistoriansResearch, analyze, interpret, and present the past by studying historical documents and sources.Master's degree$55,800
HydrologistsStudy how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust. They use their expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability.Bachelor's degree$79,550
Medical ScientistsConduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.Doctoral or professional degree$82,240
MicrobiologistsStudy microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites. They try to understand how these organisms live, grow, and interact with their environments.Bachelor's degree$67,550
Nuclear TechniciansAssist physicists, engineers, and other professionals in nuclear research and nuclear energy production. They operate special equipment used in these activities and monitor the levels of radiation that are produced.Associate's degree$80,260
Physicists and AstronomersStudy the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact. Some may study the nature of time or the origin of the universe. Others design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment such as particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and lasers.Doctoral or professional degree$110,980
Political ScientistsStudy the origin, development, and operation of political systems. They research political ideas and analyze governments, policies, political trends, and related issues.Master's degree$99,730
PsychologistsStudy cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and their environments.Doctoral or professional degree$72,580
SociologistsStudy society and social behavior by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that develop when people interact and work together.Master's degree$73,760
Survey ResearchersDesign and conduct surveys and analyze data. Surveys are used to collect factual data, such as employment and salary information, or to ask questions in order to understand people’s opinions, preferences, beliefs, or desires.Master's degree$53,920
Urban and Regional PlannersDevelop land use plans and programs that help create communities, accommodate population growth, and revitalize physical facilities in towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.Master's degree$68,220
Zoologists and Wildlife BiologistsStudy animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems. They study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors, and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitats.Bachelor's degree$59,680
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