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Introduction to Common Medical Prefixes and Suffixes

Aspiring health care professionals can learn how common medical terms are created using various prefixes and suffixes.
a data set by Bass
created November 11, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
PrefixPrefix MeaningSuffixSuffix Meaning
A-, an-lack of, without, not-ac, -ic, -al, -ous, -ticRelated to, or pertaining to
Antebefore, in front of, or forward-ate, -izeSubject to, use
Bio-life-astheniaweakness
Cardi-pertaining to the heart-crineto secrete
Di-twice or two-dyniapain
Derm-pertaining to the skin-ectomysurgical removal of body part
Dys-bad or difficult-ectasisexpansion and dilation
Extra-, extro-beyond, outside of, or outward-ent, -er, -istperson, agent
Faci-pertaining to the face-grampicture or record
Gastro-pertaining to the stomach-graphinstrument used to record
Hema-pertaining to blood-itisinflammation
Hemi-, semi-half, half of-omaTumor
Hyper-above, excessive, beyond-pathydisease, disease process
Hypo-below, beneath, deficient-phagiaeating
Inter-between-phobiamorbid fear of or intolerance
Intra-within, inside-scopeinstrument used to visually examine
Intro-into, or within-scopyprocess of visual examination
Lipo-pertaining to fat
Macro-large
Micro-tiny, small
Osteo-pertaining to bone
Post-after, following, behind
Pre-, pro-in front of, before, preceding
Somat-pertaining to the body
Trans-through or across
Tri-three
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