Industrial Revolution Timeline

A chronological list of life-changing inventions during the first (1760s to 1840s) and the second (1870s to 1914) industrial revolutions.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created June 8, 2017
1764Spinning jennyA multi-spindle spinning frame that reduced the amount of work needed to produce cloth.James Hargreaves England
1769Steam engineAn improvement on the design of the 1712 Newcomen steam engine due to the separate condenser and rotary motion.James Watt Scotland
1769Spinning machine (later being called as water frame)A water-powered spinning frame that produced stronger and harder yarn than the then famous "Spinning Jenny".Richard ArkwrightEngland
1782FlatboatA rectangular flat-bottomed boat with square ends used to transport freight and passengers on inland waterways. Jacob YoderUnited States
1783Hot air balloonA lighter than air aircraft consisting of a bag (an envelope) containing heated air.Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne MontgolfierFrance
1791SteamboatA boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.John FitchUnited States
1793Cotton ginA machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation.Eli WhitneyUnited States
1795Wheel cypher (Jefferson disk)A cipher system using a set of wheels or disks, each with the 26 letters of the alphabet arranged around their edge.Thomas JeffersonUnited States
1800Voltaic pile An early electric battery consisting of two electrodes (made of zinc and copper) that produced a steady electric current. Alessandro VoltaItaly
1814Steam locomotiveA travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway.George StephensonEngland
1815Davy lampA safety lamp for use in flammable atmospheres.Humphry DavyEngland
1816StethoscopeAn acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body.René Laennec France
1821Electric motorConversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy by electromagnetic means.Michael FaradayEngland
1824BrailleA tactile writing system used by people who are blind or visually impaired. Louis BrailleFrance
1826Friction matchA kind of match tipped with a compound that ignites by friction.John WalkerEngland
1830Liverpool and Manchester railwayThe first public inter-city railway line in the world to use locomotives.George StephensonEngland
1832HorsecarAn animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.John StephensonUnited States
1835Combine harvesterA machine that is capable of reaping, threshing and winnowing cereal grain.Hiram MooreUnited States
1836Colt revolverThe mechanically indexing cylinder mechanism that led to the widespread use of the revolver.Samuel ColtUnited States
1837Steel plowThe first commercially successful cast-steel plow.John DeereUnited States
1838TelegraphA single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs.Samuel MorseUnited States
1839Vulcanized rubberThe chemical process to create and manufacture pliable, waterproof, and moldable rubber.Charles GoodyearUnited States
1842Dart's elevatorThe world's first steam-powered grain elevator.Joseph Dart and Robert DunbarUnited States
1843Fax machineA chemical mechanical fax type device that used a clock to synchronise the movement of two pendulums for line-by-line scanning of a message.Alexander BainScotland
1846Sewing machine using a lockstitch designA sewing machine that contains a needle with the eye at the point, a shuttle operating beneath the cloth to form the lock stitch, and an automatic feed.Elias HoweUnited States
1851Singer sewing machineThe first practical sewing machine for general domestic use, incorporating the basic eye-pointed needle and lock stitch developed by Elias Howe.Isaac SingerUnited States
1852Elevator safety breakA safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails.Elisha OtisUnited States
1855Bessemer processThe first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace.Henry BessemerEngland
1857Pullman sleeping car A luxurious railroad coach designed for overnight travel.George PullmanUnited States
1860LinoleumA floor covering made from natural materials such as linseed oil, resins, recycled wood flour, cork dust, limestone and mineral pigments, mounted on jute backing.Frederick WaltonEngland
1860Manual vacuum cleanerA carpet sweeper that gathered dust with a rotating brush and a bellows for generating suction.Daniel HessUnited States
1861Cylinder lockA lock with the keyhole and tumbler mechanism contained in a cylinder.Linus Yale Jr.United States
1862Gatling gunA forerunner of the modern machine gun.Richard GatlingUnited States
1867DynamiteAn explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers that was used as a safer alternative to gun powder and nitroglycerin.Alfred Nobel Germany
1867Twine knotterA knotting device to bind grain bundles with twine.John Appleby United States
1868QWERTY keyboardA keyboard layout for Latin script.Christopher Latham SholesUnited States
1869Railway air brakeA railway brake power braking system with compressed air as the operating medium.George WestinghouseUnited States
1869Periodic tableA farsighted version of the periodic table of elements that was used to correct the properties of some already discovered elements and to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered.Dmitri Mendeleev Russia
1872Hot combA metal comb that is used to straighten moderate or coarse hair and create a smoother hair texture.Francois Marcel GrateauFrance
1873JeansA type of garment, typically made from denim or dungaree cloth. Jacob Davis and Levi StraussUnited States
1876Internal combustion engineThe compressed charge internal combustion engine which ran on petroleum gas and led to the modern internal combustion engine.Nikolaus Otto Germany
1876Telephone The first practical telephone.Alexander Graham BellUnited States
1877PhonographA device for mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.Thomas EdisonUnited States
1879Mechanical cash registerA mechanical device for registering and calculating transactions at a point of sale.James Ritty United States
1882Electric fanA fan that was made by placing a two-bladed propeller on the shaft of an electric motor.Schuyler WheelerUnited States
1885Gasoline pump It was used for some kerosene lamps and stoves, and later was improved to be used for automobiles.Sylvanus BowserUnited States
1885Daimler reitwagenThe first internal combustion, petroleum fueled motorcycle.Gottlieb Daimler Germany
1886Benz patent-motorwagenWorld's first automobile - a vehicle designed to be propelled by an internal combustion engine.Karl Benz Germany
1886DishwasherThe first practical dishwashing machine that was a hand operated, mechanical dishwashing machine.Josephine CochraneUnited States
1887Alternating current induction motor A motor using polyphase current, which generated a rotating magnetic field to turn the motor.Nikola TeslaUnited States
1888Revolving doorA three-partition revolving door.Theophilus Van KannelUnited States
1892Gasoline tractorThe first stable gasoline/petrol-powered tractor with forward and reverse gears.John FroelichUnited States
1892Diesel engineAn internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the high temperature a gas achieves when greatly compressed.Rudolf Diesel Germany
1893Ferris wheelThe original Ferris Wheel for the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition.George Washington Gale Ferris Jr.United States
1895Wireless telegraphyThe first practical transmitters and receivers of wireless telegraphy - the transmission of telegraph messages without connecting wires as used by the electric telegraph.Guglielmo MarconiItaly
1895X-RayProduction and detection of electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range.Wilhelm RöntgenGermany
1899Flash-lampAn early photographer's flash light source, using electric current to start flash powder burning and to provide a brief sudden burst of bright light.Joshua Lionel CowenUnited States
1900ZeppelinA large German dirigible airship long and cylindrical in shape and with a rigid framework.Ferdinand von ZeppelinGermany
1901Assembly lineThe modern manufacturing process used to build the first mass-produced automobile "Oldsmobile Curved Dash".Ransom E. OldsUnited States
1901Safety razorA best selling version of the safety razor using a disposable double-edge blade.King Camp GilletteUnited States
1902Modern air conditioningThe first modern electrical air conditioning unit, which controlled not only temperature but also humidity.Willis Haviland CarrierUnited States
1903AirplaneThe first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft.Orville and Wilbur Wright United States
1907BakeliteAn inexpensive, nonflammable and versatile plastic, which marked the beginning of the modern plastics industry.Leo BaekelandUnited States
1908Model T car The first affordable automobile that opened travel to the common middle-class Americans. Henry FordUnited States
1912TankThe idea of a tracked armoured vehicle that could be easily steered and carry heavy loads over rough ground and trenches.Lancelot de MoleAustralia
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