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Great Scientific Inventions

This data set is packed with information about fifteen of the greatest, scientific inventions of all time.
a data set by SjogrenC
created November 14, 2016
Robert Hooke1635 – 1703Discovered plant cells and discovered Hooke’s Law – the law of elasticity.Invented the balance spring, vital for accurate timekeeping in pocket watches.
Alfred Nobel1833 – 1896Famous for the annual prizes in science, literature, and peace awarded in his name.Invented and manufactured dynamite, the blasting cap, gelignite and ballistite.
Benjamin Franklin1635 – 1703Discovered one of the fundamental laws of physics: the Law of Conservation of Electric Charge, which proved that lightning is electricity.Invented bifocal spectacles, Franklin Stove, and the Lightning Rod.
Lord Kelvin1824 – 1907Deduced that the absolute zero of temperature is −273.15 °CHonored for this with the naming of the Kelvin temperature scale. On the Kelvin scale, absolute zero is found at 0 kelvin.
Wilhelm Röntgen1845 – 1923Discovered X-raysInvented X-ray photography.
Luis Alvarez1911 – 1988Discovered the iridium layer and his theory that dinosaurs were driven to extinction by the aftermath of a large meteorite impact on Earth.Invented the Microwave Phased Array Antenna, a type of radar which dramatically enhanced air safety in poor weather conditions, which gave ground crew extremely precise information about aircraft positions, allowing them to land safely.
Charles Darwin1809 – 1882Discovered evolution Brought the term "natural selection" to the attention of other scientists and to the public.
Oswald Avery1877 – 1955Discovered DNA passes heredity instructions through successive generations of organismsIt carries the chemical code of life.
Nettie Stevens1861 – 1912Discovered that an organism’s sex is determined by its chromosomesInvented the XY sex-determination system: females have two of the same kind of sex chromosome (XX); males have two different sex chromosomes (XY)
Louis Pasteur1822 – 1895Discovered mirror-image organic moleculesinvented or founded microbiology with his work on fermentation, discovered the anaerobic bacteria, and established the germ theory of disease.
Max Planck1858 – 1947Discovered that hot objects do not radiate a smooth, continuous range of energies as had been assumed in classical physicsHe found that the energies radiated by hot objects have distinct values, with all other values unrelated. This discovery was the beginning of quantum theory.
James Hutton1726 – 1797Discovered that our planet is enormously older than people believed by deciphering the message carried by common rocks.Devised geology’s uniformitarianism, which says that the same natural processes we see operating today are the ones that have always operated, and that these everyday natural processes have shaped our world.
Linus Pauling1901 – 1994Scientific concepts including valence bond theory and electronegativity. He discovered the alpha-helix structure of proteins and discovered that sickle-cell anemia is a molecular disease.Invented or founded founder of quantum chemistry, molecular biology and molecular genetics.
Florence Nightingale1820 – 1910Discovered innovations that resulted in lower death rates, first in hospitals, then in society as a whole.Before Nightingale’s reforms, nurses were seen as unhygienic and unreliable. Afterwards, they were seen as clean, medically trained, and well-disciplined.
Albert Einstein1879 – 1955Changed the understanding of light, gravity, and time.E = mc2 The equation states that mass (m) can be converted into energy (E) and c is the speed of light.
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