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General Characteristics of Music Eras

Basic characteristics of major music eras Renaissance to Twentieth Century.
a data set by Kirby
created November 26, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
Music EraYearsCharacteristicsMelodyHarmonyDynamicsTextureMain FormsInstrumentsStyle3 Major Composers3 Major Pieces
Renaissance1450-1600Based on Modes, Blending voices, polychoralSmoothUse of thirdsRarePolyphonyMass, MotetVoice, Lute, RecorderA CapellaJosquin de Prez, Weelkes, MorleyMiserere, Madrigals, April is in my mistress' face
Baroque1600-1750Ornamentation, contrast, improvisationFloridChordalTerracedPolyphonyOratorio, Cantata, DancesOrgan, harpsichord, basso continuoEmotionalHandel, Vivaldi, J.S. BachMessiah, Four Seasons, Brandenbrg Concertos
Classical1750-1825Intellectual, Clear Elegance, FormalDefined PhrasesSubordinate chordalCrescendo and diminuendoHomophonyConcerto, Fugue, SonataClarinet, StringsIntend to please societyHaydn, Mozart, BeethovenSurprise Symphony, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Ninth Symphony
Romantic1825-1900Emotional, Freedom from form, IndividualismLonger, lyrical, chromaticismMore use of minor mode,Extremes for emotional effectHomophonicSonata, Symphony, Solo Piano, Tone Poem, BalletPiano, Brass, Large OrchestrasEmphasis on human feelingsSchumann, Wagner, TchaikovskyScenes from Childhood, Lohengin, The Nutcracker
Modern1900-PresentEclectic, Non-Conventional, UniquenessMore use of atonality, larger leapsMore use of serialism, microtonesWide varietyAtonality, non-tertianBreaks away from fomElectronic instruments, mixed mediaStretch conventionSchoenberg, Stravinsky, DebussyPierrot Lunaire, The Rite of Spring, L'Apres Midi d'un Faun
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