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Executive Branch

a data set by jaynekleckler
created December 20, 2016
Vocabulary WordDefinitionDef 2Def 3Def 4
chief of statethe ceremonial head of government
chief executivethe leader of the executive branch and holder of executive power under the Constitution
chief administratorthe director of the executive branch
chief diplomatthe main architect of the nation's foreign policy and its chief spokesperson to the world
comander in chiefthe leader of the nation's armed forces
chief legislatorthe main author of the nation's public policies
chief of partythe leader of the political party controlling the executive branch
chief citizenthe representative of all the people and the champion of public interest
Roles of presidentChief of state, chief executiveChief administrator, Chief diplomatCommander in chief, Chief legislatorChief citizen
Qualifications for President35 years oldnatural born U.S. CitizenLived in the U.S. for 14 years
Terms in Office22nd Amendment ratified in 1944Limits Presidents to no more than two full elected terms in officeNo president can serve more than 10 years in officeIf a President succeeds to the office after the middle of a term, he or she can still seek two full terms.
presidential successionthe scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled.
Presidential Succession Act of 1947the current law fixing the order of succession to the presidency after the Vice PresidentThe presiding officers of Congress are followed by the heads of the cabinet departments in the order that they were created.Addressed the issue of disability of the President
balance the ticketthe practice of choosing a vice presidential running mate who can strengthen the presidential candidate's chance of being elected.
Role of Vice Presidentif a President dies, resigns, or is removed by impeachment becomes acting Presidentif the President is temporarily incapacitated becomes acting PresidentUnder the 25th Amendment, adopted in 1967, now formally assumes the office of President.To preside over the Senate
Electoral collegea special body of presidential electors representing each stateeach elector would cast two electoral votes, one for president, one for vice president
presidential primaryan election in which a party's voters choose state delegates to the national convention
winner-take-allcontest where the candidtate who wins gets all the delegates chosen at the primary.
caucus a closed meeting of party members who slect delegates to a national convention.
national conventiona quadrennial meeting where major parties slect thier presidential ticket
platforma party's formal statement of principles
keynote addressthe speech opening a national convention
Growth of Presidential PowerA unified office with a focused purposeCongress has granted more authority to the executive branchthe president can act decisively in times of crisisThe support staff of the President has grown over time.
executive orderdirectives, rules, or regulations issued by the President that have the force of law
Appointment powerThe constitution grants the President the ability to appoint some federal officialsNecessary to ensure that presidential policies are carried out.
Removal PowerThe constitution does not say how appointed officers should be removed.The President can remove whomever they appoint.
Executive privilegePresidents have refused to reveal certain information to Congress or the federal courts.Congress have never officially recognized this right.
treatya formal agreement between two or more independent states.have the same legal status as an act of Congress.Cannot conflict with any part of the ConstitutionAn existing law can be repealed by the terms.
executive agreementa pact between the President and the head of a foreign state or their subordinatesPresidents can make these without Senate approval.They cannot overrule state or federal law.Do not become part of American law.
recognitionthe act of acknowledging the legal existence of a country and its government.
commander in chiefHave the authority to take command in the fielddifficult for Congress to challenge presidential command decisions
pocket vetoa method of killing a bill at the end of a congressional session by not acting on it before Congress adjourns.
line-item vetothe power to cancel out specific provisions, or line items, in a bill whild approving the rest of the measure
pardonthe legal forgiveness of a crime
bureaucracya large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
Major elements of a bureaucracyHierarchical authority - chain of commandjob specialization - specific duties and responsibilitiesformalized rules and regulations
Executive officea complex organization of several separate agencies staffed by some 900 of the President's closest advisors and assistants
domestic affairsall matters of a nation that are not connected to the area of foreign affairs.
independent agencya federal agency that operates independently of the 15 executive departments.
appointto name or choose a person for an office, but not by election.
DiplomatA person whose work is to manage relations between nations.
Independent agenciesAgencies created by Congress located outside of the Cabinet departments.
foreign policyThe plan a country follows in dealing with other countries.
diplomatic immunityRule that says an ambassador is not bound by the laws of the country where he or she is serving.
ambassadorA person appointed by the President to represent the U.S. in a foreign country.
terrorismThe use of violence or force against the general popluation to gain political goals.
collective securityPrinciple that calls for countries to act together to promote peace and security.
deterrenceBuilding a strong military to discourage any attacks against the country.
Cold WarA period of 40 years during which the U.S. and Soviet Union were unfriendly toward each other.
containmentA policy based on the belief that if communism could be kept within its existing boundaries, it would collapse.
detenteA relaxation of tensions
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
United NationsAn international organization of 180 member nations created to develop peace and friendly relations, and to protect human rights worldwide.
foreign aidEconomic and military aid given to other countries.
Chosing cabinet membersPresident considers abilities, experience, race, and gender in selecting the heads of departments.
Role of CabinetTo lead an executive department and to be an advisor to the President.
isolationisma refusal to be inolved with other countries
internationalismThe world is interconnected, the well being of everyone is affected by events everywhere around the world.
visaA permit to enter another country; must be obtained from the country the person wants to enter.
passportA legal document issued by a state that identifies a person as a citizen of that state.
3 military departmentsArmy, Navy, and Air Force
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