This is an introduction to the philosophers of the Enlightenment period.
a data set by Chrismtwo
created November 9, 2016
Create a game to test your knowledge!
See all 0 games!
See fewer games
|Philosopher||Seminal Work||Philosophical Theory||Quote||Date of Birth||Date of Death||Nationality|
|Thomas Hobbes||The Leviathan||State of Nature||"And the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."||1588||1679||English|
|John Locke||Two Treatises on Government||Natural Rights||“Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”||1632||1704||English|
|Jean Jacques Rousseau||The Social Contract||Social Contract||“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”||1712||1778||French|
|Montesquieu||The Spirit of The Laws||Separation of Powers||“There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice.”||1689||1755||French|
|Voltaire||Candide||Natural Law||"Common sense is not so common."||1694||1778||French|
|Denis Diderot||Encyclopedia||Materialism||"All things must be examined, debated, investigated without exception and without regard for anyone's feelings."||1713||1784||French|
|Adam Smith||The Wealth of Nations||Comparative Advantage||"It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own self-interest. We address ourselves not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities, but of their advantages."||1723||1790||Scottish|
|Jeremy Bentham||The Principles of Morals and Legislation||Utilitarianism||“The question is not, "Can they reason?" nor, "Can they talk?" but "Can they suffer?”||1748||1832||English|
|Immanuel Kant||Critique of Pure Reason||Categorical Imperative||"Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."||1724||1804||German|
|David Hume||An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding||The Problem of Induction||“In our reasonings concerning matter of fact, there are all imaginable degrees of assurance, from the highest certainty to the lowest species of moral evidence. A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence.”||1711||1776||Scottish|
|Baruch Spinoza||Ethics||Panenthisim||“Those who wish to seek out the cause of miracles and to understand the things of nature as philosophers, and not to stare at them in astonishment like fools, are soon considered heretical and impious, and proclaimed as such by those whom the mob adores as the interpreters of nature and the gods. For these men know that, once ignorance is put aside, that wonderment would be taken away, which is the only means by which their authority is preserved.”||1632||1677||Dutch|