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Enlightenment Philosophers

This is an introduction to the philosophers of the Enlightenment period.
a data set by Chrismtwo
created November 9, 2016
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PhilosopherSeminal WorkPhilosophical TheoryQuoteDate of BirthDate of DeathNationality
Thomas HobbesThe LeviathanState of Nature"And the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."15881679English
John LockeTwo Treatises on GovernmentNatural Rights“Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”16321704English
Jean Jacques RousseauThe Social ContractSocial Contract“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”17121778French
MontesquieuThe Spirit of The LawsSeparation of Powers“There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice.”16891755French
VoltaireCandideNatural Law"Common sense is not so common."16941778French
Denis DiderotEncyclopediaMaterialism"All things must be examined, debated, investigated without exception and without regard for anyone's feelings."17131784French
Adam SmithThe Wealth of NationsComparative Advantage"It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own self-interest. We address ourselves not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities, but of their advantages."17231790Scottish
Jeremy BenthamThe Principles of Morals and LegislationUtilitarianism“The question is not, "Can they reason?" nor, "Can they talk?" but "Can they suffer?”17481832English
Immanuel KantCritique of Pure ReasonCategorical Imperative"Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."17241804German
David HumeAn Enquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingThe Problem of Induction“In our reasonings concerning matter of fact, there are all imaginable degrees of assurance, from the highest certainty to the lowest species of moral evidence. A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence.”17111776Scottish
Baruch SpinozaEthicsPanenthisim“Those who wish to seek out the cause of miracles and to understand the things of nature as philosophers, and not to stare at them in astonishment like fools, are soon considered heretical and impious, and proclaimed as such by those whom the mob adores as the interpreters of nature and the gods. For these men know that, once ignorance is put aside, that wonderment would be taken away, which is the only means by which their authority is preserved.”16321677Dutch
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