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English Civil War to Glorious Revolution

Important events starting with the English Civil War and going to the Glorious Revolution
a data set by akerbis
created September 28, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
YearEvent
1625King Charles I becomes King. He tries to govern according to Divine Right.
1628 Parliament enacts the Petition of Rights. It bans the king from doing 3 important things: (1) passing taxes without the consent of Parliament (2) quartering troops in private homes, and (3) imprisoning a person without charges
1642Charles ignores the Petition of Rights and openly favors Catholics. With the support of Puritans, Oliver Cromwell organizes a parliamentary army. The conflict between the king and parliament starts the English civil war.
1646Parliament wins complete control of government.
1647Charles I is tried and executed. Puritans end the monarchy and the House of Lords. They try to set up a commonwealth, or state ruled by elected representatives. When this government fails, Cromwell imposes martial law, or rule by the military.
1658Richard Cromwell takes over government when his father Oliver dies.
1660A newly elected Parliament, tired of strict Puritan laws, restores the monarchy. Charles II, the son of Charles I, comes to the throne. The return of monarchy is called the Restoration.
1685Charles II dies, leaving no children. His Catholic brother takes the throne as King James II.
1688James's second wife, also a Catholic, bears a son. Parliament fears the return of Catholic monarchy. It invites James's Protestant daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange, to take the throne. William, ruler of the Netherlands, enters England in a bloodless invasion called the Glorious Revolution.
1689Parliament requires William III and Mary II to sign the English Bill of Rights of 1689. It limits the monarchy and states the rights of Parliament and the people. The king and queen rule as limited monarchs.
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