Endangered Animals

The variety of life is critical to the health of our planet. Unfortunately, the animals in this list are facing the threat of extinction. To help save these animals, how about getting familiar with this list first and spreading the knowledge to others?
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 5, 2017
AnimalScientific NameDescriptionPictureWeight (pounds)PopulationPlaceContinentType of HabitatReason for Endangerment
Amur LeopardPanthera pardus orientalisIt is the only Panthera pardus subspecies adapted to a cold snowy climate. It is also known as Far East leopard, the Manchurian leopard, or the Korean leopard. 70-105>60Amur-Heilong (Northeastern China and the Russian Far East)AsiaForest Habitat and Mountains Poaching; Development projects such as new roads; Forest degradation; Inbreeding depression; Possible coexisting with disease carriers and transmitters.
Black RhinoDiceros bicornisAlthough it is referred to as black, its colors vary from brown to grey. It is also known as hook-lipped rhino.1760-3080<5000Namibia and Coastal East AfricaAfricaDeserts and GrasslandsHunting; Habitat changes; Poaching; Competing species.
Bornean OrangutanPongo pygmaeusIt belongs to the only genus of great apes native to Asia.66-22045000-69000Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest HabitatHabitat destruction; The bushmeat trade; People kill mom orangutans to capture and sell young orangutans as pets.
Cross River GorillaGorilla gorilla diehliEstimates from 2014 suggest that fewer than 250 mature individuals remain, making them the world's rarest great ape.up to 440200-300Congo BasinAfricaForest HabitatLoss of habitat due to mining, agriculture, and timber usage; Hunting; Fragmented population; Ebola.
Eastern Lowland GorillaGorilla beringei graueriIt is also known as Grauer’s gorilla, which is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies.up to 440uncertainCongo BasinAfricaForest HabitatPoaching for meat; Habitat destruction due to logging, charcoal, agricultural expansion or mining; Civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Hawksbill TurtleEretmochelys imbricataTheir colored and patterned shells make them highly-valuable and commonly sold as "tortoiseshell" in markets.90-150uncertainMesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, and Coral TriangleAfrica, Asia, and North AmericaOcean HabitatExploitation by humans for decoration; Pollution and loss of nesting areas due to coastal development; Slow reproductive rate.
Javan RhinoRhinoceros sondaicusThey are the most threatened of the five rhino species.1984-5071<60Java (Indonesia)AsiaTropical ForestsPoaching; Hunting; Loss of habitat because of agriculture.
Leatherback TurtleDermochelys coriaceaThey are the largest sea turtle species and also one of the most migratory.600-1500uncertainMesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, Gulf of California, The Galápagos, Coral TriangleAfrica, Asia, North America, and South AmericaOcean HabitatNests are raided by humans in places such as Southeast Asia; Being caught as bycatch; Chemical pollution in the sea.
Mountain GorillaGorilla beringei beringeiThey have thicker fur compared to other great apes, which helps them to survive in a habitat where temperatures often drop below freezing. up to 440<880Congo BasinAfricaForest Habitat and MountainsPoaching; Habitat loss; War and unrest; Disease transmitted from tourists, domestic animals and livestock.
Sumatran OrangutanPongo abeliiIt belongs to the only genus of great apes native to Asia.66-198<7300Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest HabitatLogging (both legal and illegal); Wholesale conversion of forest to agricultural land and oil palm plantations; Fragmentation by roads.
PangolinIts name comes from a Malay word meaning "something that rolls up". It is also called scaly anteater due to its preferred diet. 4.4-7uncertainAfrica and AsiaForest Habitat and GrasslandsThe bushmeat trade; Illegal trafficking; Deforestation.
SaolaPseudoryx nghetinhensisMeaning “spindle horns” in Vietnamese, they are a cousin of cattle but resemble an antelope. It is also called Asian unicorn.176-220uncertainGreater MekongAsiaForest HabitatHabitat loss and habitat fragmentation; Hunting; Illegal trade of furs, traditional medicines, and meat in restaurants and food markets.
South China TigerPanthera tigris amoyensisIt is possibly extinct in the wild since no wild individual has been recorded since the early 1970s.243-386uncertainSoutheast China-Hainan Moist ForestsAsiaForest HabitatUncontrolled hunting; Extensive deforestation; Probable reduction in available prey; Fragmentation of populations due to the large-scale relocations of urban populations to rural locations.
Sumatran ElephantElephas maximus sumatranusIt is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to the Indonesia island of Sumatra.approximately 100002400-2800Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest HabitatHabitat loss; Poaching for ivory.
Sumatran RhinoDicerorhinus sumatrensisThey are the smallest of the living rhinoceroses and the only Asian rhino with two horns.1320-2090220-275Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest HabitatPoaching; Loss of habitat due to legal and illegal logging; Inbreeding depression.
Sumatran TigerPanthera tigris sumatraeThey are the smallest surviving tiger subspecies and are distinguished by heavy black stripes on their orange coats.165-308400-500Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest Habitat, Grasslands, and WetlandsLoss of habitat due to expansion of palm oil plantations and planting of acacia plantations; Prey-base depletion; Illegal trade primarily for the domestic market.
VaquitaPhocoena sinusIt is the world’s most rare marine mammal.up to 120<60Gulf of CaliforniaNorth AmericaOcean HabitatBeing trapped in illegal gillnets intended for capturing the totoaba; Inbreeding depression; Habitat alterations; Pollution.
Western Lowland GorillaGorilla gorilla gorillaIt is the most numerous and widespread of all gorilla subspecies.up to 440uncertainCongo BasinAfricaForest HabitatThe bushmeat trade; Logging; Ebola
African Wild DogLycaon pictusIt is a highly social animal, living in packs with separate dominance hierarchies for males and females. It is also called African hunting dog or African painted dog.40-706600Coastal East AfricaAfricaForest Habitat, Grasslands, and DesertsBeing shot and poisoned by farmers; Loss of habitat for agriculture, settlements, and development projects.
Amur TigerPanthera tigris altaicaIt is also called Siberian tiger. They have the largest home range of any tiger subspecies because they have to search over large areas to find food due to low prey densities.396-660<540Amur-Heilong (Northeastern China and the Russian Far East)AsiaForest HabitatPoaching of tigers and their wild prey species; Development projects such as building railroads.
Bengal TigerPanthera tigris tigrisIt is the most numerous of all tiger subspecies with more than 2,500 left in the wild.around 550<2500India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and MyanmarAsiaForest HabitatPoaching; Habitat loss due to climate change.
Black-footed FerretMustela nigripesOnce thought to be globally extinct, they are making a comeback with a population of nearly 300 individuals.1.5-2.5300Northern Great PlainsNorth AmericaGrasslandsThe fur trade; Sylvatic plague.
Blue WhaleBalaenoptera musculusIt is the largest animal on the planet, weighing as much as 200 tons (approximately 33 elephants).close to 40000010000-25000Southern Chile, Gulf of California, and Coral TriangleAsia, North America, and South AmericaOcean HabitatHunting; Colliding with ocean vessels; The change in ocean temperature might affect its food supply.
Bluefin TunaThunnus sppIt is the largest tuna and can live up to 40 years.1500uncertainCoral TriangleAsiaOcean HabitatOverfishing
BonoboPan paniscusThey are human's closest living relatives, sharing 98.7% of their DNA with us.68-8610000-50000Congo BasinAfricaForest HabitatHabitat loss; The bushmeat trade.
Borneo Pygmy ElephantElephas maximus borneensisThey are the smallest elephants in Asia.around 50001500Borneo and SumatraAsiaForest HabitatHabitat loss; Fragmentation of population.
ChimpanzeePan troglodytesThey are human's closest living relatives, sharing 98.7% of their DNA with us.88-130172770-299700Congo BasinAfricaForest HabitatHabitat destruction; Hunting; Disease.
Fin WhaleBalaenoptera physalusIt is the second largest mammal in the world.almost 16000050000-90000Gulf of California, Coral Triangle, and ArcticAsia and North America Ocean HabitatHunting; Collisions with ships.
Galápagos PenguinSpheniscus mendiculus It is the only penguin species found north of the equator. 5.52000The GalápagosSouth AmericaOcean HabitatThe El Niño Southern Oscillation reduces the availability of shoaling fish, leading to low reproduction or starvation; Oil pollution; Fishing by-catch.
Ganges River DolphinPlatanista gangetica gangeticaThis kind of dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind.330-3741200-1800Eastern HimalayasAsiaFreshwatersHuman use of the river systems causes the decrease in river depth and appearance of sand bars dividing the river course into smaller segments; Entanglement in fishing nets; Poisoning of the water supply from industrial and agricultural chemicals.
Green TurtleChelonia mydasIt is one of the largest sea turtles and the only herbivore among the different species.150-400uncertainMesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, Gulf of California, The Galápagos, and Coral TriangleAsia, North America and South AmericaOcean HabitatHunting; Poaching; Egg harvesting; Boat strikes; Pollution; Habitat destruction.
Hector's DolphinCephalorhynchus hectoriThey are the smallest and rarest marine dolphins in the world.up to 110<7000New ZealandOceaniaOcean HabitatFishing bycatch in commercial gillnets; Tourism; Disease; Marine mining.
Humphead WrasseCheilinus undulatusThis species of fish can be easily identified by its large size, thick lips, two black lines behind its eyes, and the hump that appears on the forehead of larger adults. It is also called Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, or Napoleonfish.over 400uncertainCoral Triangle and Coastal East AfricaAfrica and AsiaOcean Habitat Habitat loss and degradation; Local consumption; Tourism; Destructive fishing techniques (including bombs and cyanide).
Indian ElephantElephas maximus indicusIt is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.1000020000-25000Mainland AsiaAsiaGrasslandsPoaching for ivory; Habitat loss and degradation; Fragmentation of population.
Indochinese TigerPanthera tigris corbettiIt has gone extinct from Cambodia, southwest China and possibly Laos.396-550<350Greater MekongAsiaForest HabitatHunting; Habitat loss.
Indus River DolphinPlatanista minorThey are one of only four river dolphin species and subspecies in the world that spend all of their lives in freshwater. They are believed to have originated in the ancient Tethys Sea.155-245<1100Indus River in PakistanAsiaFreshwatersEntanglement in fishing nets; Lowered water levels due to irrigation; Poisoning of the water supply.
Malayan TigerPanthera tigris jacksoniThey were classified as Indochinese tigers until DNA testing in 2004 showed them to be a separate subspecies. 200-264250-340Malay Peninsula and the southern tip of ThailandAsiaForest Habitat, Grasslands, and WetlandsHabitat fragmentation due to development projects and agriculture; Poaching.
North Atlantic Right WhaleEubalaena glacialisIt can easily be identified by the white calluses on its head, which are very noticeable against the whale’s dark gray body.up to 140000300-350North Atlantic OceanEurope and North AmericaOcean HabitatShip strikes; Fishing gear entanglement; Exposure to ship noise may be associated with chronic physiological stress; Climate change.
Red PandaAilurus fulgensIt is not closely related to the giant panda.6.6-13.7<10000Eastern HimalayasAsiaForest Habitat Habitat loss and fragmentation; Poaching; Inbreeding depression.
Sea LionZalophus wollebaekiThey haul out in large colonies on rocks and sandy shores on the Islands. They move into the water to feed and cool off as needed.around 400uncertainThe GalápagosSouth AmericaOcean HabitatHunting; Reduction in food source due to fishing.
Sei WhaleBalaenoptera borealisIt is one of the fastest whales, reaching speeds of up to 30 miles per hour. about 40000uncertainSouthern Chile, Arctic, The Galápagos, Coral Triangle, Gulf of California, and Coastal East AfricaAfrica, Asia, North America, and South AmericaOcean HabitatHunting; Endemic poisoning.
Snow LeopardPanthera unciaThey have evolved to live in some of the harshest conditions on Earth.55-1654080-6590Eastern Himalayas and YangtzeAsiaMountainsPoaching; Habitat destruction due to overgrazing.
Sri Lankan ElephantElephas maximus maximusIt is the largest and also the darkest of the Asian elephants.4400-120002500-4000Sri LankaAsiaForest HabitatBeing killed by land mines during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka; Poaching.