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Dynasties in Chinese History

A chronological list of dynasties (from Xia to Qing) in ancient China.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 13, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
DynastyName in Simplified ChineseName in PinyinYear of StartYear of EndDuration (years)CapitalFirst EmperorLast EmperorArtifact
XiaXià2070 BC1600 BC470Yangcheng (today's Dengfeng, Henan); Zhenxun (today's Gongyi, Henan)Yu the GreatJie
ShangShāng1600 BC1046 BC554 Yin (today's Anyang, Henan)TangZhou
Western Zhou西周Xī Zhōu1046 BC771 BC275Fengjing and Haojing (today's Xian, Shaanxi)Ji Fa (King Wu of Zhou)Ji Gongsheng (King You of Zhou)
Eastern Zhou (including the Spring and Autumn Period, and the Warring States Period)东周Dōng Zhōu770 BC256 BC515Luoyi (today's Luoyang, Henan)Ji Yijiu (King Ping of Zhou)Ji Yan (King Nan of Zhou)
QinQín221 BC206 BC15Xianyang (today's Xianyang and Xian of Shaanxi)Ying Zheng (Qin Shi Huang)Ying Ziying (Qin San Shi)
Western Han西汉Xī Hàn202 BC9 AD211Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi)Liu Bang (Emperor Gaozu)Liu Ying (Child Ying)
Eastern Han东汉Dōng Hàn25 AD220 AD195LuoyangLiu Xiu (Emperor Guangwu)Liu Xie (Emperor Xian)
Three Kingdoms三国Sān Guó220 AD280 AD60Wei: Luoyang; Shu: Chengdu; Wu: Jianye (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)Wei: Cao Pi; Shu: Liu Bei; Wu: Sun QuanWei: Cao Huan; Shu: Liu Shan; Wu: Sun Hao
Western Jin西晋Xī Jìn265 AD317 AD52LuoyangSima Yan (Emperor Wu)Sima Ye (Emperor Min)
Eastern Jin东晋Dōng Jìn317 AD420 AD103Jiankang (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)Sima Rui (Emperor Yuan)Sima Dewen (Emperor Gong)
Southern and Northern Dynasties南北朝Nán Běi Cháo420 AD589 AD169Northern dynasties: Northern Wei -Pingcheng (today's Datong, Shanxi) and Luoyang; Eastern Wei and Northern Qi - Yecheng (today's Handan, Hebei); Western Wei and Northern Zhou - Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi). Southern dynasties (Song, Qi, Liang, Chen): Jiankang ( today's Nanjing, Jiangsu).Northern Wei: Tuoba Gui; Eastern Wei: Yuan Shanjian; Western Wei: Yuan Baoju; Northern Qi: Gao Yang; Northern Zhou: Yuwe Jue; Song: Liu Yu; Qi: Xiao Daocheng; Liang: Xiao Yan; Chen: Chen BaxianNorthern Wei: Yuan Xiu; Eastern Wei: Yuan Shanjian; Western Wei: Tuoba Kuo; Northern Qi: Gao Shaoyi; Northern Zhou: Yuwe Chan; Song: Liu Zhun; Qi: Xiao Baorong; Liang: Xiao Fangzhi; Chen: Chen Shubao
SuiSuí581 AD618 AD37Daxing (today's Xian, Shaanxi); LuoyangYang Jian (Emperor Wen)Yang Tong (Huangtai Lord)
TangTáng618 AD907 AD289Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi); LuoyangLi Yuan (Emperor Gaozu)Li Zhu (Emperor Zhaoxuan)
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms五代十国Wǔ Dài Shí Guó907 AD960 AD53Bianliang (today's Kaifeng, Henan); LuoyangLater Liang: Zhu Wen; Later Tang: Li Cunxu; Later Jin: Shi Jingtang; Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan; Later Zhou: Guo WeiLater Liang: Zhu Zhen; Later Tang: Li Congke; Later Jin: Shi Chonggui; Later Han: Liu Chengyou; Later Zhou: Chai Zongxun
LiaoLiáo907 AD1125 AD218Shangjing (today's Baarin Left Banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia)Yelv AbaojiYelv Yanxi
Northern Song北宋Běi Sòng960 AD1127 AD167Bianjing (today's Kaifeng, Henan)Zhao Kuangyin (Emperor Taizu)Zhao Huan (Emperor Qinzong)
Western Xia 西夏Xī Xià1038 AD1227 AD189Xingqing (today's Yinchuan, Ningxia)Li Yuanhao (Emperor Jingzong)Li Xian (Emperor Mozong)
JinJīn1115 AD1234 AD119Huining (today's Harbin, Heilongjiang); Zhongdu (today's Beijing); Bianjing (today's Kaifeng, Henan)Wanyan Aguda (Emperor Taizu)Wanyan Chenglin (Emperor Mo)
Southern Song南宋Nán Sòng1127 AD1279 AD152Nanjing (today's Shangqiu, Henan); Lin'an (today's Hangzhou, Zhejiang)Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong)Zhao Bing (Emperor Huaizong)
YuanYuán1271 AD1368 AD97Dadu (today's Beijing)Kublai Khan (Emperor Shizu)Toghon Temür (Emperor Huizong)
MingMíng1368 AD1644 AD276Yingtian (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu); BeijingZhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu Emperor)Zhu Youjian (Chongzhen Emperor)
QingQīng 1644 AD1912 AD268BeijingNurhaciPuyi (Xuantong Emperor)