Dynasties in Chinese History
A chronological list of dynasties (from Xia to Qing) in ancient China.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 13, 2017
Guess the Dynasty
Can you guess the name of a dynasty based on its capital, first emperor or last emperor? Let's give it a try!
Learn the Chinese Name of Each Dynasty
This flash card game can help you remember each dynasty by its name in both pinyin and simplified Chinese characters.
The Timeline of Chinese Dynasties
This game tests your knowledge of the timeline of Chinese history. Please select the start year and end year of each dynasty.
Artifacts and Their Dynasties
In this game, you will take on the role of an archeologist. Please examine the photo of each artifact carefully and decide which dynasty each artifact belongs to.
Which Dynasty Lasted Longer?
Do you know how long each dynasty ruled in Chinese history? In this game, please put these dynasties in order based on their duration.
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|Dynasty||Name in Simplified Chinese||Name in Pinyin||Year of Start||Year of End||Duration (years)||Capital||First Emperor||Last Emperor||Artifact|
|Xia||夏||Xià||2070 BC||1600 BC||470||Yangcheng (today's Dengfeng, Henan); Zhenxun (today's Gongyi, Henan)||Yu the Great||Jie|
|Shang||商||Shāng||1600 BC||1046 BC||554||Yin (today's Anyang, Henan)||Tang||Zhou|
|Western Zhou||西周||Xī Zhōu||1046 BC||771 BC||275||Fengjing and Haojing (today's Xian, Shaanxi)||Ji Fa (King Wu of Zhou)||Ji Gongsheng (King You of Zhou)|
|Eastern Zhou (including the Spring and Autumn Period, and the Warring States Period)||东周||Dōng Zhōu||770 BC||256 BC||515||Luoyi (today's Luoyang, Henan)||Ji Yijiu (King Ping of Zhou)||Ji Yan (King Nan of Zhou)|
|Qin||秦||Qín||221 BC||206 BC||15||Xianyang (today's Xianyang and Xian of Shaanxi)||Ying Zheng (Qin Shi Huang)||Ying Ziying (Qin San Shi)|
|Western Han||西汉||Xī Hàn||202 BC||9 AD||211||Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi)||Liu Bang (Emperor Gaozu)||Liu Ying (Child Ying)|
|Eastern Han||东汉||Dōng Hàn||25 AD||220 AD||195||Luoyang||Liu Xiu (Emperor Guangwu)||Liu Xie (Emperor Xian)|
|Three Kingdoms||三国||Sān Guó||220 AD||280 AD||60||Wei: Luoyang; Shu: Chengdu; Wu: Jianye (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)||Wei: Cao Pi; Shu: Liu Bei; Wu: Sun Quan||Wei: Cao Huan; Shu: Liu Shan; Wu: Sun Hao|
|Western Jin||西晋||Xī Jìn||265 AD||317 AD||52||Luoyang||Sima Yan (Emperor Wu)||Sima Ye (Emperor Min)|
|Eastern Jin||东晋||Dōng Jìn||317 AD||420 AD||103||Jiankang (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)||Sima Rui (Emperor Yuan)||Sima Dewen (Emperor Gong)|
|Southern and Northern Dynasties||南北朝||Nán Běi Cháo||420 AD||589 AD||169||Northern dynasties: Northern Wei -Pingcheng (today's Datong, Shanxi) and Luoyang; Eastern Wei and Northern Qi - Yecheng (today's Handan, Hebei); Western Wei and Northern Zhou - Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi). Southern dynasties (Song, Qi, Liang, Chen): Jiankang ( today's Nanjing, Jiangsu).||Northern Wei: Tuoba Gui; Eastern Wei: Yuan Shanjian; Western Wei: Yuan Baoju; Northern Qi: Gao Yang; Northern Zhou: Yuwe Jue; Song: Liu Yu; Qi: Xiao Daocheng; Liang: Xiao Yan; Chen: Chen Baxian||Northern Wei: Yuan Xiu; Eastern Wei: Yuan Shanjian; Western Wei: Tuoba Kuo; Northern Qi: Gao Shaoyi; Northern Zhou: Yuwe Chan; Song: Liu Zhun; Qi: Xiao Baorong; Liang: Xiao Fangzhi; Chen: Chen Shubao|
|Sui||隋||Suí||581 AD||618 AD||37||Daxing (today's Xian, Shaanxi); Luoyang||Yang Jian (Emperor Wen)||Yang Tong (Huangtai Lord)|
|Tang||唐||Táng||618 AD||907 AD||289||Chang'an (today's Xian, Shaanxi); Luoyang||Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu)||Li Zhu (Emperor Zhaoxuan)|
|Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms||五代十国||Wǔ Dài Shí Guó||907 AD||960 AD||53||Bianliang (today's Kaifeng, Henan); Luoyang||Later Liang: Zhu Wen; Later Tang: Li Cunxu; Later Jin: Shi Jingtang; Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan; Later Zhou: Guo Wei||Later Liang: Zhu Zhen; Later Tang: Li Congke; Later Jin: Shi Chonggui; Later Han: Liu Chengyou; Later Zhou: Chai Zongxun|
|Liao||辽||Liáo||907 AD||1125 AD||218||Shangjing (today's Baarin Left Banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia)||Yelv Abaoji||Yelv Yanxi|
|Northern Song||北宋||Běi Sòng||960 AD||1127 AD||167||Bianjing (today's Kaifeng, Henan)||Zhao Kuangyin (Emperor Taizu)||Zhao Huan (Emperor Qinzong)|
|Western Xia||西夏||Xī Xià||1038 AD||1227 AD||189||Xingqing (today's Yinchuan, Ningxia)||Li Yuanhao (Emperor Jingzong)||Li Xian (Emperor Mozong)|
|Jin||金||Jīn||1115 AD||1234 AD||119||Huining (today's Harbin, Heilongjiang); Zhongdu (today's Beijing); Bianjing (today's Kaifeng, Henan)||Wanyan Aguda (Emperor Taizu)||Wanyan Chenglin (Emperor Mo)|
|Southern Song||南宋||Nán Sòng||1127 AD||1279 AD||152||Nanjing (today's Shangqiu, Henan); Lin'an (today's Hangzhou, Zhejiang)||Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong)||Zhao Bing (Emperor Huaizong)|
|Yuan||元||Yuán||1271 AD||1368 AD||97||Dadu (today's Beijing)||Kublai Khan (Emperor Shizu)||Toghon Temür (Emperor Huizong)|
|Ming||明||Míng||1368 AD||1644 AD||276||Yingtian (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu); Beijing||Zhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu Emperor)||Zhu Youjian (Chongzhen Emperor)|
|Qing||清||Qīng||1644 AD||1912 AD||268||Beijing||Nurhaci||Puyi (Xuantong Emperor)|