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Countries of the World

Complete listing of the world's countries.
a data set by Sugarcane
created October 20, 2015
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Short NameFormal NameMain ContinentFlagSovereignty DisputeArea (square km)Area (square mi)Population (most recent estimate)Other Continents (if applicable)Form of GovernmentOfficial Language(s)Capital CityLargest CityCurrency Name
AfghanistanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAsiaNone652,864251,82732,564,342Unitary presidential republicDari, PashtoKabulKabulafghani
AlbaniaRepublic of AlbaniaEuropeNone28,74811,1002,893,005Unitary parliamentary republicAlbanianTiranaTiranalek
AlgeriaPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAfricaNone2,381,741919,59539,500,000Unitary semi-presidential republicArabicAlgiersAlgiersdinar
AndorraPrincipality of AndorraEuropeNone467.63180.5585,458Unitary parliamentary constitutional diarchyCatalanAndorra la VellaAndorra la Vellaeuro
AngolaRepublic of AngolaAfricaNone1,246,700481,35424,383,301Unitary presidential republicPortugueseLuandaLuandakwanza
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaNorth AmericaNone44017091,295Parliamentary democracy under unitary constitutional monarchyEnglishSaint John'sSaint John'sdollar
ArgentinaArgentine RepublicSouth AmericaNone2,780,4001,073,51843,417,000Federal presidential constitutional republicSpanishBuenos AiresBuenos Airespeso
ArmeniaRepublic of ArmeniaAsiaNot recognized by Pakistan29,74311,4842,974,693Semi-presidential republicArmenianYerevanYerevandram
AustraliaCommonwealth of AustraliaOceaniaNone7,692,0242,969,90723,934,200Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchyNoneCanberraSydneydollar
AustriaRepublic of AustriaEuropeNone83,87932,385.868,623,073Federal semi-presidential republicGermanViennaViennaeuro
AzerbaijanRepublic of AzerbaijanAsiaNone86,60033,4369,624,900EuropeUnitary dominant-party presidential stateAzerbaijaniBakuBakumanat
BahamasCommonwealth of the BahamasNorth AmericaNone13,8785,358321,834Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishNassauNassaudollar
BahrainKingdom of BahrainAsiaNone765295.371,343,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyArabicManamaManamadinar
BangladeshPeople's Republic of BangladeshAsiaNone147,57056,977156,594,962Unitary parliamentary republicBengaliDhakaDhakataka
BarbadosBarbadosNorth AmericaNone439166277,821Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishBridgetownBridgetowndollar
BelarusRepublic of BelarusEuropeNone207,59580,1559,481,000Unitary presidential republicBelarusian, RussianMinskMinskruble
BelgiumKingdom of BelgiumEuropeNone30,52811,78711,239,755Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchyDutch, French, GermanBrusselsBrusselseuro
BelizeBelizeNorth AmericaNone22,9668,867340,844Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishBelmopanBelize Citydollar
BeninRepublic of BeninAfricaNone114,76343,48410,323,000Presidential republicFrenchPorto-NovoCotonoufranc
BhutanKingdom of BhutanAsiaNone38,39414,824742,737Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyDzongkhaThimphuThimphungultrum
BoliviaPlurinational State of BoliviaSouth AmericaNone1,098,581424,16310,556,102Unitary presidential constitutional republicAymara, Guarani, Quechua, SpanishSucreSanta Cruz de la Sierraboliviano
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaEuropeNone51,19719,7413,871,643Federal parliamentary republicBosnian, Croatian, SerbianSarajevoSarajevoconvertible mark
BotswanaRepublic of BotswanaAfricaNone581,730224,6102,155,784Unitary parliamentary republicEnglish, SetswanaGaboroneGaboronepula
BrazilFederative Republic of BrazilSouth AmericaNone8,515,7673,287,597204,451,000Federal presidential constitutional republicPortugueseBrasiliaSao Pauloreal
BruneiNation of Brunei, Abode of PeaceAsiaNone5,7652,226415,717Unitary Islamic absolute monarchyMalayBandar Seri BegawanBandar Seri Begawandollar
BulgariaRepublic of BulgariaEuropeNone117,00045,0007,364,570Unitary parliamentary republicBulgarianSofiaSofialev
Burkina FasoBurkina FasoAfricaNone274,200105,86917,322,796Semi-presidential republicFrenchOuagadougouOuagadougoufranc
BurundiRepublic of BurundiAfricaNone27,83410,74510,395,931Presidential republicFrench, KirundiBujumburaBujumburafranc
CambodiaKingdom of CambodiaAsiaNone181,03569,89815,458,332Dominant-party unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKhmerPhnom PenhPhnom Penhriel
CameroonRepublic of CameroonAfricaNone475,442183,56922,534,532Dominant-party presidential republicEnglish, FrenchYaoundeDoualafranc
CanadaCanadaNorth AmericaNone9,984,6703,854,08535,851,774Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglish, FrenchOttawaTorontodollar
Cape VerdeRepublic of Cabo VerdeAfricaNone4,0331,557525,000Parliamentary republicPortuguesePraiaPraiaescudo
Central African RepublicCentral African RepublicAfricaNone622,984240,5344,709,000Provisional republicFrench, SangoBanguiBanguifranc
ChadRepublic of ChadAfricaNone1,284,000495,75310,329,208Presidential republicArabic, FrenchN'DjamenaN'Djamenafranc
ChileRepublic of ChileSouth AmericaNone756,096.3291,930.418,006,407OceaniaUnitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishSantiagoSantiagopeso
ChinaPeople's Republic of ChinaAsiaClaimed by the Republic of China (Taiwan)9,596,9613,705,4071,376,049,000Single-party socialist republicMandarinBeijingShanghaiyuan
ColombiaRepublic of ColombiaSouth AmericaNone1,141,748440,83148,219,827Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishBogotaBogotapeso
ComorosUnion of the ComorosAfricaNone2,034727798,000Federal presidential republicArabic, Comorian, FrenchMoroniMoronifranc
Cook IslandsCook IslandsOceaniaNone2409114,974Constitutional MonarchyEnglish, Cook Islands MaoriAvaruaAvaruadollar
Costa RicaRepublic of Costa RicaNorth AmericaNone51,10019,6534,586,353Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishSan JoseSan Josecolon
CroatiaRepublic of CroatiaEuropeNone56,59421,8514,284,889Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicCroatianZagrebZagrebkuna
CubaRepublic of CubaNorth AmericaNone109,88442,42611,238,317Marxist-Leninist single-party stateSpanishHavanaHavanapeso
CyprusRepublic of CyprusEuropeNot recognized by Turkey9,2513,5721,141,166Unitary presidential constitutional republicGreek, TurkishNicosiaNicosiaeuro
Czech RepublicCzech RepublicEuropeNone78,86630,45010,541,466Parliamentary republicCzechPraguePraguekoruna
DenmarkKingdom of DenmarkEuropeNone42,915.716,562.15,678,348North AmericaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyDanish, Faroese, GreenlandicCopenhagenCopenhagenkrone
Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, Democratic Republic of theAfricaNone2,345,409905,35581,680,000Semi-presidential republicFrenchKinshasaKinshasafranc
DjiboutiRepublic of DjiboutiAfricaNone23,2008,958810,178Semi-presidential republicArabic, FrenchDjibouti CityDjibouti Cityfranc
DominicaCommonwealth of DominicaNorth AmericaNone75029072,660Unitary parliamentary republicEnglishRoseauRoseaudollar
Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicNorth AmericaNone48,44218,70410,792,000Unitary presidential republicSpanishSanto DomingoSanto Domingopeso
East TimorDemocratic Republic of Timor-LesteAsiaNone15,4105,7431,201,542Unitary semi-presidential republicPortuguese, TetumDiliDilidollar
EcuadorRepublic of EcuadorSouth AmericaNone283,560109,48416,144,000Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishQuitoGuayaquildollar
EgyptArab Republic of EgyptAfricaNone1,010,407.87387,04889,714,000AsiaProvisional governmentArabicCairoCairopound
El SalvadorRepublic of El SalvadorNorth AmericaNone21,044.88,1246,290,420Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishSan SalvadorSan Salvadordollar
Equatorial GuineaRepublic of Equatorial GuineaAfricaNone28,05010,830722,254Unitary semi-presidential republicFrench, SpanishMalaboBatafranc
EritreaState of EritreaAfricaNone117,60045,4056,380,803Single-party presidential republicNoneAsmaraAsmaranakfa
EstoniaRepublic of EstoniaEuropeNone45,33917,5051,313,271Parliamentary republicEstonianTallinnTallinneuro
EthiopiaFederal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaAfricaNone1,104,300426,37190,076,012Federal parliamentary republicAmharicAddis AbabaAddis Abababirr
FijiRepublic of FijiOceaniaNone18,2747,056858,038Parliamentary republic run by military-appointed governmentEnglish, Fijian, Fiji HindiSuvaSuvadollar
FinlandRepublic of FinlandEuropeNone338,424130,5965,489,097Parliamentary republicFinnish, SwedishHelsinkiHelsinkieuro
FranceFrench RepublicEuropeNone640,679246,20167,087,000Africa, North America, Oceania, South AmericaUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicFrenchParisPariseuro
GabonGabonese RepublicAfricaNone267,667103,3471,475,000Presidential republicFrenchLibrevilleLibrevillefranc
GambiaRepublic of the GambiaAfricaNone10,6894,0071,882,450Presidential republicEnglishBanjulSerekundadalasi
GeorgiaGeorgiaAsiaNone69,42026,9113,729,500EuropeUnitary parliamentary republicGeorgianTbilisiTbilisilari
GermanyFederal Republic of GermanyEuropeNone357,168137,84781,083,600Federal parliamentary constitutional republicGermanBerlinBerlineuro
GhanaRepublic of GhanaAfricaNone238,53592,09927,000,000Unitary presidential constitutional republicEnglishAccraAccracedi
GreeceHellenic RepublicEuropeNone131,95750,94910,815,197Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicGreekAthensAthenseuro
GrenadaGrenadaNorth AmericaNone348.5132.8109,590Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyEnglishSt. George'sSt. George'sdollar
GuatemalaRepublic of GuatemalaNorth AmericaNone108,88942,04215,806,675Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishGuatemala CityGuatemala Cityquetzal
GuineaRepublic of GuineaAfricaNone245,83694,92610,628,972Presidential republicFrenchConakryConakryfranc
Guinea-BissauRepublic of Guinea-BissauAfricaNone36,12513,9481,693,398Unitary semi-presidential republicPortugueseBissauBissaufranc
GuyanaCo-operative Republic of GuyanaSouth AmericaNone214,97083,000735,554Unitary republicEnglishGeorgetownGeorgetowndollar
HaitiRepublic of HaitiNorth AmericaNone27,75010,71410,604,000Unitary semi-presidential republicFrench, Haitian CreolePort-au-PrincePort-au-Princegourde
HondurasRepublic of HondurasNorth AmericaNone112,49243,2788,249,574Constitutional republicSpanishTegucigalpaTegucigalpalempira
HungaryHungaryEuropeNone93,03035,9199,877,365Parliamentary republicHungarianBudapestBudapestforint
IcelandRepublic of IcelandEuropeNone102,77539,699329,100Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicIcelandicReykjavikReykjavikkrona
IndiaRepublic of IndiaAsiaNone3,287,5901,269,3461,276,267,000Federal parliamentary constitutional republicEnglish, HindiNew DelhiMumbairupee
IndonesiaRepublic of IndonesiaAsiaNone1,904,569735,358255,461,700OceaniaUnitary presidential constitutional republicIndonesianJakartaJakartarupiah
IranIslamic Republic of IranAsiaNone1,648,195636,37278,192,200Unitary presidential Islamic republicPersianTehranTehranrial
IraqRepublic of IraqAsiaNone437,072169,23437,056,169Federal parliamentary constitutional republicArabic, KurdishBaghdadBaghdaddinar
IrelandIrelandEuropeNone70,27327,1334,609,600Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicEnglish, IrishDublinDublineuro
IsraelState of IsraelAsiaPartially unrecognized22,0728,5228,238,300Unitary parliamentary republicArabic, HebrewJerusalemJerusalemshekel
ItalyItalian RepublicEuropeNone301,338116,34760,795,612Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicItalianRomeRomeeuro
Ivory CoastRepublic of Côte d'IvoireAfricaNone322,463124,50223,919,000Presidential republicFrenchYamoussoukroAbidjanfranc
JamaicaJamaicaNorth AmericaNone10,9914,2442,950,210Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishKingstonKingstondollar
JapanJapanAsiaNone377,944145,925126,880,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyNoneTokyoTokyoyen
JordanHashemite Kingdom of JordanAsiaNone89,34235,6378,000,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyArabicAmmanAmmandinar
KazakhstanRepublic of KazakhstanAsiaNone2,724,9001,052,08517,563,300EuropeDominant-party unitary presidential stateKazakh, RussianAstanaAlmatytenge
KenyaRepublic of KenyaAfricaNone581,309224,08045,010,056Presidential republicEnglish, SwahiliNairobiNairobishilling
KiribatiRepublic of KiribatiOceaniaNone811313103,500Parliamentary republicEnglish, GilberteseSouth TarawaSouth Tarawadollar
KosovoKosovoEuropeClaimed by Serbia10,9084,2121,859,203Parliamentary republicAlbanian, SerbianPristinaPristinaeuro
KuwaitState of KuwaitAsiaNone17,8206,8804,044,500Unitary parliamentary hereditary constitutional monarchyArabicKuwait CityKuwait Citydinar
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz RepublicAsiaNone199,95177,1815,895,100Unitary parliamentary republicKyrgyz, RussianBishkekBishkeksom
LaosLao People's Democratic RepublicAsiaNone236,80091,428.9916,803,699Single-party socialist republicLaoVientianeVientianekip
LatviaRepublic of LatviaEuropeNone64,58924,9381,997,500Parliamentary republicLatvianRigaRigaeuro
LebanonLebanese RepublicAsiaNone10,4524,0365,851,000Unitary confessionalist parliamentary constitutional republicArabicBeirutBeirutpound
LesothoKingdom of LesothoAfricaNone30,35511,7202,067,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglish, SesothoMaseruMaseruloti
LiberiaRepublic of LiberiaAfricaNone111,36943,0004,503,000Unitary presidential constitutional republicEnglishMonroviaMonroviadollar
LibyaState of LibyaAfricaNone1,759,541679,3596,244,174Unitary provisional parliamentary republicArabicTripoliTripolidinar
LiechtensteinPrincipality of LiechtensteinEuropeNone1606137,340Unitary parliamentary constitutional principalityGermanVaduzSchaanfranc
LithuaniaRepublic of LithuaniaEuropeNone65,30025,2122,895,993Parliamentary republicLithuanianVilniusVilniuslitas
LuxembourgGrand Duchy of LuxembourgEuropeNone2,586.4998562,958Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyFrench, German, LuxembourgishLuxembourg CityLuxembourg Cityeuro
MacedoniaRepublic of MacedoniaEuropeNone25,7139,7792,058,539Parliamentary republicMacedonianSkopjeSkopjedenar
MadagascarRepublic of MadagascarAfricaNone587,041226,59722,005,222Semi-presidential republicFrench, MalagasyAntananarivoAntananarivoariary
MalawiRepublic of MalawiAfricaNone118,48445,74716,407,000Unitary presidential republicChichewa, EnglishLilongweLilongwekwacha
MalaysiaMalaysiaAsiaNone329,847127,35530,776,000Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchyMalaysianKuala LumpurKuala Lumpurringgit
MaldivesRepublic of MaldivesAsiaNone298115341,356Unitary presidential constitutional republicDhivehiMaleMalerufiyaa
MaliRepublic of MaliAfricaNone1,240,192478,83914,517,176Unitary semi-presidential republicFrenchBamakoBamakofranc
MaltaRepublic of MaltaEuropeNone316122445,426Parliamentary republicEnglish, MalteseVallettaBirkirkaraeuro
Marshall IslandsRepublic of the Marshall IslandsOceaniaNone1817068,000Unitary presidential democratic republicEnglish, MarshalleseMajuroMajurodollar
MauritaniaIslamic Republic of MauritaniaAfricaNone1,030,700397,9543,537,368Semi-presidential Islamic republicArabicNouakchottNouakchottouguiya
MauritiusMauritiusAfricaNone2,0407871,261,208Parliamentary republicNonePort LouisPort Louisrupee
MexicoUnited Mexican StatesNorth AmericaNone1,972,550761,606121,736,809Federal presidential constitutional republicNoneMexico CityMexico Citypeso
MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaOceaniaNone702271106,104Federated presidential democratic republicEnglishPalikirWenodollar
MoldovaRepublic of MoldovaEuropeNone33,84613,0672,913,281Unitary parliamentary republicRomanianChisinauChisinauleu
MonacoPrincipality of MonacoEuropeNone2.020.7837,800Unitary constitutional principalityFrenchMonacoMonte Carloeuro
MongoliaMongoliaAsiaNone1,566,000603,9093,042,511Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicMongolianUlan BatorUlan Batortogrog
MontenegroMontenegroEuropeNone13,8125,332620,029Parliamentary republicMontenegrinPodgoricaPodgoricaeuro
MoroccoKingdom of MoroccoAfricaNone446,550172,48733,848,242Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyArabic, BerberRabatCasablancadirham
MozambiqueRepublic of MozambiqueAfricaNone801,590309,49624,692,144Unitary presidential constitutional republicPortugueseMaputoMaputometical
MyanmarRepublic of the Union of MyanmarAsiaNone676,578261,22751,486,253Unitary presidential constitutional republicBurmeseNaypyidawYangonkyat
NamibiaRepublic of NamibiaAfricaNone825,615318,6962,113,077Unitary presidential constitutional republicEnglishWindhoekWindhoekdollar
NauruRepublic of NauruOceaniaNone218.110,084Parliamentary republicEnglish, NauruanYarenYarendollar
NepalFederal Democratic Republic of NepalAsiaNone147,18156,82726,494,504RepublicNepaliKathmanduKathmandurupee
NetherlandsKingdom of the NetherlandsEuropeNone42,50816,47817,100,715North AmericaDemocratic parliamentary constitutional monarchyDutchAmsterdamAmsterdameuro
New ZealandNew ZealandOceaniaNone268,021103,4834,596,700Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglish, Maori, New Zealand Sign LanguageWellingtonAucklanddollar
NicaraguaRepublic of NicaraguaNorth AmericaNone130,37550,1936,071,045Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishManaguaManaguacordoba
NigerRepublic of NigerAfricaNone1,267,000489,67817,138,707Unitary semi-presidential republicFrenchNiameyNiameyfranc
NigeriaFederal Republic of NigeriaAfricaNone923,768356,667182,202,000Federal presidential republicEnglishAbujaLagosnaira
NiueNiueOceaniaNone2601001,190Unitary parliamentaryNiuean, EnglishAlofiAlofidollar
North KoreaDemocratic People's Republic of KoreaAsiaClaimed by South Korea120,54046,52824,895,000Hereditary Juche single-party stateKoreanPyongyangPyongyangwon
NorwayKingdom of NorwayEuropeNone120,54046,52824,895,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyNorwegianOsloOslokrone
OmanSultanate of OmanAsiaNone309,501119,4983,286,936Unitary Islamic absolute monarchyArabicMuscatMuscatrial
PakistanIslamic Republic of PakistanAsiaNone881,912340,508191,710,000Federal parliamentary republicEnglish, UrduIslamabadKarachirupee
PalauRepublic of PalauOceaniaNone465.55179.7517,948Unitary presidential democratic republicEnglish, PalauanMelekeokKorordollar
PalestineState of PalestineAsiaPartially unrecognized. Disputed by Israel6,2202,4004,550,368Parliamentary democracyArabicJerusalemGazashekel
PanamaRepublic of PanamaNorth AmericaNone75,51729,1573,608,431South AmericaUnitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishPanama CityPanama City
Papua New GuineaIndependent State of Papua New GuineaOceaniaNone462,840178,7037,059,653Unitary parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyEnglish, Hiri Motu, Tok PisinPort MoresbyPort Moresbykina
ParaguayRepublic of ParaguaySouth AmericaNone406,752157,0487,012,433Unitary presidential constitutional republicGuarani, SpanishAsuncionAsuncionguarani
PeruRepublic of PeruSouth AmericaNone1,285,216496,22531,151,643Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishLimaLimanuevo sol
PhilippinesRepublic of the PhilippinesAsiaNone300,000115,831102,226,800Unitary presidential constitutional republicEnglish, FilipinoManilaQuezon Citypeso
PolandRepublic of PolandEuropeNone312,679120,696.4138,483,957Parliamentary republicPolishWarsawWarsawzloty
PortugalPortuguese RepublicEuropeNone92,21235,60310,427,301Unitary semi-presidential republicPortugueseLisbonLisboneuro
QatarState of QatarAsiaNone11,5864,467.62,155,446Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyArabicDohaDohariyal
Republic of the CongoCongo, Republic of theAfricaNone342,000132,0474,662,446Dominant-party presidential republicFrenchBrazzavilleBrazzavillefranc
RomaniaRomaniaEuropeNone238,39192,04319,942,642Unitary semi-presidential republicRomanianBucharestBucharestleu
RussiaRussian FederationAsiaNone17,098,2426,592,800143,975,923EuropeFederal semi-presidential constitutional republicRussianMoscowMoscowruble
RwandaRepublic of RwandaAfricaNone26,33810,16911,262,564Unitary parliamentary presidential republicEnglish, French, KinyarwandaKigaliKigalifranc
Saint Kitts and NevisFederation of Saint Christopher and NevisNorth AmericaNone26110454,961Parliamentary democracy under federal constitutional monarchyEnglishBasseterreBasseterredollar
Saint LuciaSaint LuciaNorth AmericaNone617238.23173,765Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyEnglishCastriesCastriesdollar
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesNorth AmericaNone389150103,000Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyEnglishKingstownKingstowndollar
SamoaIndependent State of SamoaOceaniaNone2,8421,097194,320Unitary parliamentary republicEnglish, SamoanApiaApiatala
San MarinoRepublic of San MarinoEuropeNone61.22432,576Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicItalianSan MarinoDoganaeuro
Sao Tome and PrincipeDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and PríncipeAfricaNone1,001386190,428Semi-presidential republicPortugueseSao TomeSao Tomedobra
Saudi ArabiaKingdom of Saudi ArabiaAsiaNone2,149,690830,00030,770,375Unitary Islamic absolute monarchyArabicRiyadhRiyadhriyal
SenegalRepublic of SenegalAfricaNone196,71276,00013,567,338Semi-presidential republicFrenchDakarDakarfranc
SerbiaRepublic of SerbiaEuropeNone77,47429,9137,209,764Parliamentary republicSerbianBelgradeBelgradedinar
SeychellesRepublic of SeychellesAfricaNone45917792,000Unitary representative presidential republicEnglish, French, Seychellois CreoleVictoriaVictoriarupee
Sierra LeoneRepublic of Sierra LeoneAfricaNone71,74027,6996,190,280Presidential constitutional republicEnglishFreetownFreetownleone
SingaporeRepublic of SingaporeAsiaNone719.12785,535,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicEnglish, Malay, Mandarin, TamilSingaporeSingaporedollar
SlovakiaSlovak RepublicEuropeNone49,03518,9325,415,949Parliamentary republicSlovakBratislavaBratislavaeuro
SloveniaRepublic of SloveniaEuropeNone20,2737,8272,061,085Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicSloveneLjubljanaLjubljanaeuro
Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsOceaniaNone28,40010,965523,000Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishHoniaraHoniaradollar
SomaliaFederal Republic of SomaliaAfricaNone637,657246,20010,428,043Federal parliamentary republicArabic, SomaliMogadishuMogadishushilling
South AfricaRepublic of South AfricaAfricaNone1,221,037471,44354,956,900Constitutional parliamentary republicAfrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, ZuluPretoriaJohannesburgrand
South KoreaRepublic of KoreaAsiaClaimed by North Korea100,21038,69150,617,045Unitary presidential constitutional republicKoreanSeoulSeoulwon
South SudanRepublic of South SudanAfricaNone619,745239,28512,340,000Federal presidential republicEnglishJubaJubapound
SpainKingdom of SpainEuropeNone505,990195,36446,439,864AfricaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchySpanishMadridMadrideuro
Sri LankaDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaAsiaNone65,61025,33220,277,597Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republicSinhalese, TamilSri Jayawardenapura KotteColomborupee
SudanRepublic of the SudanAfricaNone1,886,068728,21540,235,000Federal presidential republicArabic, EnglishKhartoumOmdurmanpound
SurinameRepublic of SurinameSouth AmericaNone163,82163,251573,311Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicDutchParamariboParamaribodollar
SwazilandKingdom of SwazilandAfricaNone17,3646,7041,119,000Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchyEnglish, SiSwatiMbabaneMbabanelilangeni
SwedenKingdom of SwedenEuropeNone450,295175,8969,816,666Unitary parliamentary representative democracy under constitutional monarchySwedishStockholmStockholmkrona
SwitzerlandSwiss ConfederationEuropeNone41,28515,9408,211,700Federal directorial republic with elements of direct democracyFrench, German, Italian, RomanshBernZurichfranc
SyriaSyrian Arab RepublicAsiaNone185,18071,47917,951,639Dominant-party unitary semi-presidential stateArabicDamascusAleppopound
TaiwanRepublic of ChinaAsiaClaimed by the People's Republic of China36,19313,97423,461,708Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republicMandarinTaipeiNew Taipeidollar
TajikistanRepublic of TajikistanAsiaNone143,10055,2518,610,000Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republicTajikDushanbeDushanbesomoni
TanzaniaUnited Republic of TanzaniaAfricaNone947,303365,75650,760,000Unitary presidential constitutional republicEnglish, SwahiliDodomaDar es Salaamshilling
ThailandKingdom of ThailandAsiaNone513,120198,11567,091,120Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyThaiBangkokBangkokbaht
TogoTogolese RepublicAfricaNone56,78521,9257,154,237Presidential republicFrenchLomeLomefranc
TongaKingdom of TongaOceaniaNone748289103,036Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglish, TonganNuku'alofaNuku'alofapa'anga
Trinidad and TobagoRepublic of Trinidad and TobagoNorth AmericaNone5,1311,9811,223,916Unitary parliamentary constitutional republicEnglishPort of SpainChaguanasdollar
TunisiaRepublic of TunisiaAfricaNone163,61063,17010,982,754Unitary semi-presidential republicArabicTunisTunisdinar
TurkeyRepublic of TurkeyAsiaNone783,562302,53577,695,904EuropeUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicTurkishAnkaraIstanbullira
TurkmenistanTurkmenistanAsiaNone491,210188,4565,171,943Unitary presidential republicTurkmenAshgabatAshgabatmanat
TuvaluTuvaluOceaniaNone261010,837Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyEnglish, TuvaluanFunafutiFunafutidollar
UgandaRepublic of UgandaAfricaNone241,03893,06537,873,253Presidential republicEnglish, SwahiliKampalaKampalashilling
UkraineUkraineEuropeNone603,500233,01344,429,471Unitary semi-presidential republicUkrainianKievKievhryvnia
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesAsiaNone83,60032,2789,346,129Presidential federal monarchyArabicAbu DhabiDubaidirham
United KingdomUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandEuropeNone242,49593,62864,511,000Asia, North America, Oceania, South AmericaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEnglishLondonLondonpound sterling
United StatesUnited States of AmericaNorth AmericaNone9,857,3063,805,927321,605,012OceaniaFederal presidential constitutional republicEnglishWashington, D.C.New York Citydollar
UruguayOriental Republic of UruguaySouth AmericaNone176,21568,0373,324,460Unitary presidential constitutional republicSpanishMontevideoMontevideopeso
UzbekistanRepublic of UzbekistanAsiaNone448,978172,74231,025,500Unitary presidential stateUzbekTashkentTashkentsom
VanuatuRepublic of VanuatuOceaniaNone12,1904,710272,264Unitary parliamentary republicBislama, English, FrenchPort VilaPort Vilavatu
Vatican CityVatican City StateEuropeNone0.4450.172842Ecclesiastical, sacerdotal-monarchical, absolute monarchy, elective monarchy, elective theocracyItalianVatican CityVatican Cityeuro
VenezuelaBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaSouth AmericaNone916,445353,84133,221,865Federal presidential constitutional republicSpanishCaracasCaracasbolivar fuerte
VietnamSocialist Republic of VietnamAsiaNone332,698128,56590,630,000Marxist-Leninist single-party stateVietnameseHanoiHo Chi Minh Citydong
YemenRepublic of YemenAsiaNone528,076203,79625,408,000Unitary semi-presidential republicArabicSana'aSana'arial
ZambiaRepublic of ZambiaAfricaNone752,618290,58716,212,000Presidential republic with representative democracyEnglishLusakaLusakakwacha
ZimbabweRepublic of ZimbabweAfricaNone390,757150,87113,061,239PresidentialChewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, XhosaHarareHararedollar
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