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Computer Terminology 1

a data set by lhcresap
created September 29, 2016
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ComputerDevice that does computations and makes logical comparisons according to the instructions it receives.
HardwareThe physical components of a computer.
SoftwareThe intangible components of a computer sysytem, particularly the programs that the computer needs to perform a specific task.
InputWhenever you enter data into your computer, it is referred to as this. Devices such as the keyboard, mouse, scanner, and even a digital camera are considered such devices.
OutputData generated by a computer is referred to as this. Devices that produce physical _____ from the computer are creatively called ________ devices.
KeyboardThe most frequently used input device; consists of three major parts: the main keyboard, the keypads, and the function keys.
MonitorA display device that forms an image by converting electrical signals from the computer into points of colored light on the screen.
PrinterThe peripheral computer component that produces a hard copy of the text or graphics processed by the computer.
MouseA pointing device that has a laser guide on its underside and two or more buttons for clicking commands; you control the movement of the pointer by moving the entire ____ around on your desk.
CPUa silicon chip located on the motherboard that is responsible for executing instructions to process data; also called microprocessor.
Disk DriveA device that reads the information contained on a disk. The drive may be permanently installed inside the computer or contain a slot for entering the disk from ouside the computer.
Hard Diska round, metal platter in the hard drive of the computer; it stores large amounts of information
CDa hard plastic disk approximately 12cm in diameter on which information such as music or computer data is digitally encoded in a format readable by laser beam.
DVDDigital versatile disk, recorded with optical technology that contains full-length (2-hour) motion pictures for viewing on a personal computer or on a TV screen.
Jump Drive Portable storage device capable of storing hundreds of floppy disk.
ScannerA device that "takes a picture" of something and turns it into a computerized image.
ServerA computer program that provides services to other computer programs (and their users) in the same computer or other computers.
RAMChips on cards plugged into the motherboard that temporarily hold programs and data while the computer is turned on; volatile memory.
ROM A chip on the motherboard that is prerecorded with and permanently stores the set of instructions that the computer uses when you turn it on; permanent.
BitA single digit number in base-s2 (a zero or a one) and is the smallest unit of computer data.
ByteA set of 8 bits that represent a single character in the computer's memory.
FileA collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. It can be a document, picture, audio or video stream, data library, application, or other collection of data.
FolderCan be located on your hard drive for file storage. Allow users to organize files.
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