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Civil War: Political Causes

a data set by dottidavis
created November 20, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
Cause or CompromiseFact #1Fact #2Fact #3Fact #4Fact #5
Political causesfailed compromisessectionalismstates rightselection of Lincolnsecessin of southern states
Missouri Compromisebalanced number of free and slave statesMissouri was slave state; Maine was free stateno slavery north of 36 30' latitude line of Louisiana Purchase
1850 Compromisedivided territories from Mexican CessionCalifornia was free state; no buying or selling of statesNew Mexico and Utah territories decided slaver issue by popular sovereigntyCongress passed strong laws to force Northerners to return runaway slaves
1854 Kansas-Nebraska replaced Missouri Compromise which said no slavery north of 36 30 lineterritories of Kansas and Nebraska created by bill from Steven Douglas people decided slavery by popular sovereignty"Bleeding Kansas" border fights between pro-slave "ruffians" and anti-slave"The Crime Against Kansas" speech by Charles Sumner in Congress (was almost killed 2 days later by Brooks)
Dred Scott 1857sued for freedom since he lived ina free statecourt decided Scott was not a citizen and could not sue in courtMissouri Compromise unconstitutional - Slavery was a state's rights issueblacks considered property
Lincoln's election 1860said slavery could stay where it was, but not expanddid not get a single Southern votesouth lost influencesouth feared North and Lincoln would end their way of lifepoor in North competed with free slaves for jobs
Secession S. Carolina 1860Lincoln didn't fight over slaves, but to preserve unionwar over supremecy of federal government over statespopular sovereignty: power belons to people and they give it to government
Fort Sumterfirst battle of Civil Warisland off of SOuth CarolinaBeauregard (South) vs Anderson (North)Anderson surrendered
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