Civil War: Political Causes
a data set by dottidavis
created November 20, 2016
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|Cause or Compromise||Fact #1||Fact #2||Fact #3||Fact #4||Fact #5|
|Political causes||failed compromises||sectionalism||states rights||election of Lincoln||secessin of southern states|
|Missouri Compromise||balanced number of free and slave states||Missouri was slave state; Maine was free state||no slavery north of 36 30' latitude line of Louisiana Purchase|
|1850 Compromise||divided territories from Mexican Cession||California was free state; no buying or selling of states||New Mexico and Utah territories decided slaver issue by popular sovereignty||Congress passed strong laws to force Northerners to return runaway slaves|
|1854 Kansas-Nebraska||replaced Missouri Compromise which said no slavery north of 36 30 line||territories of Kansas and Nebraska created by bill from Steven Douglas||people decided slavery by popular sovereignty||"Bleeding Kansas" border fights between pro-slave "ruffians" and anti-slave||"The Crime Against Kansas" speech by Charles Sumner in Congress (was almost killed 2 days later by Brooks)|
|Dred Scott 1857||sued for freedom since he lived ina free state||court decided Scott was not a citizen and could not sue in court||Missouri Compromise unconstitutional - Slavery was a state's rights issue||blacks considered property|
|Lincoln's election 1860||said slavery could stay where it was, but not expand||did not get a single Southern vote||south lost influence||south feared North and Lincoln would end their way of life||poor in North competed with free slaves for jobs|
|Secession S. Carolina 1860||Lincoln didn't fight over slaves, but to preserve union||war over supremecy of federal government over states||popular sovereignty: power belons to people and they give it to government|
|Fort Sumter||first battle of Civil War||island off of SOuth Carolina||Beauregard (South) vs Anderson (North)||Anderson surrendered|