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Chapter 6 - The Baby's Arrival

a data set by jaynekleckler
created November 11, 2016
Early signs of laborbloody show, water has broken or is leaking, contractions
CervixThe lower part of the uterus
ContractionsThe tightening and releasing of the muscles of the uterus are signs of labor
Fetal monitoringwatching the baby's heart rate indicators of stree, is usually done dduring labor and birth
Premature Laborwhen labor starts before 37 weeks
False LaborWhen contractions are not regular, do not become stronger and end with light exercise.
Inducing LaborThe artificial starting of labor using medication or puncturing the amniotic sac
Stage 1 LaborContractions make the cervix dilate, or widen.
TransitionCompletes the work of the first stage, cervix is fully dialted, babies head slips into the birth canal
Stage 2 CrowningThe top of the head appears at the opening of the birth canal
Stage 2 Head EmergesThe baby's head emerges first. The head has changed shape to ease passage through the birth canal.
Stage 3The woman gives birth to the placenta no longer needed by the baby.
DilateTo open wider
How to cope with laborTake childbirth classes and different types of pain relief.
RelaxinA hormone that allows tissue to stretch like rubber bands, moving apart the pelvic bones
Soft SkullEnables the baby's head to become longer and narrower than usual.
EpisiotomyA surgical cut made at the opening of the vagina during childbirth to aid a difficult delivery and prevent rupture of tissues.
Cord bloodThe blood left behind in the umbilical cord and placenta following birth, contains stem cells.
Premature birthA birth that takes place more than three weeks before the baby is due.
FontanelsOpen spaces on the baby's head where the bones are not yet joined.
Head size total heightA baby's head is about one-fourth of the baby's total height, averages about 20 inches
LanugoFine, downy hair growing on their foreheads, backs and shoulders.
VernixIs made up of the fetus's shed skin cells and secretions of skin glands.
MiliaTiny, white bumps on their nose and cheeks.
Apgar Scale 0-2A system rating the physical condition of a newborn baby. Five factors are checked: heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, response to stimulation and clear skin color.
Blood typeHuman blood is grouped into four types; A, B, AB and O.
ColostrumThe first breast milk a mother produces. It is high in proten and calories and helps protect babies from illness.
Neonatal periodThe first month after the baby is born.
23-26 weeksBabies born during this time have the highest risk of complications.
Postnatal care of motherRest, exercise, good nutrition and medical check-ups.
Postpartum depressionMay include feeling sad or crying alot, having no energy, being overly anxious about the baby, having little interest in the baby, and thinking of causing harm.
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