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Chapter 2 matching game

a data set by alexkirley
created December 4, 2016
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hydrogen bondweak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
cohesionattraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesionforce of attractions between different kinds of molecules
solutesubstance that is dissolved in solution
solventdissolving substance in solution
solutiontype of mixture in which all of the components are evenly distributed
suspensionmixture of water and non-dissolved materials
pH scalemeasure of the concentration of H+ in solution
acidcompound that forms hydrogen ions in solution and has a pH between 0 and 6.9
basecompound that produces hydroxide ions and has pH between 14 and greater than 7
buffercompounds that prevent sharp sudden changes in pH
covalent bondtype of bond between atoms where electrons are shared
ionic bondchemical bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another
nucleuscenter of atom which contains protons and neutrons
monomersmall chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymermolecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
carbohydratecompound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type of nutrient that is the major source of energy in the body.
monosaccharidesimple sugar
lipidmacromolecule made mostly of carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes
nucleic acidmacromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorous.
nucleotidesubunit of which nucleic acids are composed; made up of 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
protienmacromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by body for growth and repair.
amino acidcompound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on the other
atomthe basic unit of matter
electronnegatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding the nucleus.
chemical reactionprocess that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
reactantelement or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
productelement or compound produced by a chemical reaction
activation energythe energy​ needed to get a reaction started
catalystsubstance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
substratereactant of an enzyme catalyzed reaction
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