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Cell Organelles

Cell organelles are structures that carry out important functions within a cell.
a data set by ritchie
created June 15, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
OrganelleFunctionImage
Cell MembraneLipid bilayer that separates the cell from the outside environment Controls what enters and leaves the cell
CytoplasmArea inside the cell between the cell membrane and nucleus
CytoskeletonNetwork of protein fibers that helps cells maintain their shape and helps cells move
NucleusControl center of the cell and contains the cell's DNA
NucleolusProduces ribosomes
Smooth ERMakes lipids and steroids
Rough ERContains ribosomes, secretes proteins Membrane factory for the cell
MitochondriaPowerhouse of the cell Produces ATP through cellular respiration
ChloroplastSite of photosynthesis
Golgi ApparatusModifies and packages proteins
LysosomeDigests unwanted materials
VacuoleStores water and nutrients
VesicleTransports materials into, out of, and around the cell
RibosomeSite of protein synthesis
PeroxisomeContains enzymes that transfer hydrogen to oxygen, producing hydrogen peroxide. Also breaks down the hydrogen peroxide
Cell WallRigid wall that surrounds the cell membrane Plant cells only!
CentrosomeMicrotubule organizing center, important during cell division
CiliaHair like structures that help movement
FlagellaTail that helps movement