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Bill of Rights

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the USA. It has been in use since 1789. These are the first ten amendments, known as the Bill of Rights.
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created September 22, 2016
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FAMILY TREE
Amendment NumberAmendment NameSummaryActual Text
1First AmendmentProtects freedom of religion, speech, press, and right to assembleCongress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
2Second AmendmentProtects right to keep and bear armsA well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3Third AmendmentProhibits quartering of soldiers without owner's consentNo Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
4Fourth AmendmentProhibits unreasonable searches and seizuresThe right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
5Fifth AmendmentProhibits forcing people to bear witness against themselvesNo person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due proce
6Sixth AmendmentProtects right to a speedy and fair trialIn all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
7Seventh AmendmentProtects right of trial by juryIn suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
8Eighth AmendmentProhibits excessive fines as well as cruel and unusual punishment.Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
9Ninth AmendmentProtects rights not enumerated in the ConstitutionThe enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
10Tenth AmendmentLimits powers of federal government to what is written in the ConstitutionThe powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
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