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Basic Chinese Vocabulary

Vocabulary roughly correlated to the Independent Schools Examination Board (ISEB) word list for 11- and 13-year-olds learning Chinese (plus a few extras).
a data set by dboll
created December 21, 2016
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Chinese charactersChinese pinyinEnglishLiteral meaning
tāngsoup
tángsugar
虫子chóng​zibug
油条yóu​tiáoChinese donutoil stick
chátea
咖啡kā​fēicoffee
牛奶niú​nǎimilkcow milk
蜂蜜fēng​mìhoneybee honey
蜜蜂mì​fēngbeehoney flying-stinging-thing
做饭zuòfàncook a mealmake food
起床qǐchuángget out of bedlift bed
上学shàngxuégo to schoolup school
电视diànshìTVelectric watch/look-thing
看电视kàn diànshìwatch TV
跑步pǎobùto run / runningrun step
足球zúqiúsoccerfoot (elegant form) ball
big
xiǎosmall
hǎogood
好吃hǎochītastygood eat
好喝hǎo​hēdelicious (for drinks)good drink
好玩hǎo​wánfungood play
xīnnew
jiùold (used with things)
no, not
shǒuhand
中国Zhōng​guóChinacenter country
北京Běi​jīngBeijingnorth capital
长城Cháng​chéngGreat Walllong wall
西安Xī​'ānXi'anwestern peace
上海Shàng​hǎiShanghaiup ocean
香港Xiāng​gǎngHong Kongfragrant harbor
毛衣máo​yīsweaterhair/wool clothes
帽子mào​zihat
hóngred
绿green
lánblue
huángyellow
hēiblack
báiwhite
shuǐwater
汉堡包hàn​bǎo​bāohamburgerHamburg bun
牛肉niú​ròubeefcow meat
鸡肉jī​ròuchicken (to eat)chicken meat
汽水qì​shuǐsodasteam water
dāoknife
早饭zǎo​fànbreakfastmorning food
jiāhome / family
公司gōng​sīcompany
客厅kè​tīngliving roomvisitor hall
沙发shā​fāsofa
爸爸bà​bafather
妈妈mā​mamother
哥哥gē​geolder brother
姐姐jiě​jieolder sister
弟弟dì​diyounger brother
妹妹mèi​meiyounger sister
one
èrtwo
sānthree
four
five
liùsix
seven
eight
jiǔnine
shíten
yuáncurrency unit
liǎngtwo
diǎno'clock
几点了?jǐ diǎn leWhat time is it?
几点钟?jǐ diǎn zhōngAt what time?
星期xīng​qīweek
tiānday / sky
yuèmonth
假期jià​qīvacationvacation time period
汉语Hàn​yǔChinese language
中文Zhōng​wénChinese language
课本kè​běntextbooksubject book
pen or pencil
shūbook
maquestion word
how much / how many
chīto eat
to drink
mǎito buy
zàilocated at / to be at
yǒuto have
没有méi​yǒuto not have
喜欢xǐ​huanto like
kànto see / to look at / to read
yàoto want
to go
吃饭chī fànto have a meal
踢足球tī zúqiúto play soccerkick foot ball
看电影kàn diànyǐngto see a moviewatch electric shadow
运动yùndòngto exercise / sportstransport activity
用电脑yòng diànnǎoto use the computeruse electric brain
上网shàng wǎngto surf the netget-on-top-of net
比赛bǐsàia competitioncompare competition
打乒乓球dǎ pīngpāngqiúto play ping pongbeat ping pong ball
打网球dǎ wǎngqiúto play tennisbeat net ball
游泳yóuyǒngto swim
打篮球dǎ lánqiúto play basketballbeat basket ball
骑马qí mǎto ride a horse
有意思yǒu yìsiinteresting
lǎoold (used with people)
美丽měilìbeautiful
měibeautiful
漂亮piàoliangpretty
无聊wúliáoboringnot-having chat
便宜piányicheap
聪明cōngmíngclever
guìexpensive
pàngfat
高兴gāoxìnghappy
悲伤bēishāngsad
ǎishort
gāotall
shòuthin
lèitired
hěnvery
非常fēichángvery
gēnwith
also
and
比较bǐjiàoquite (British usage?)
但是dànshìbut
胳膊gēboarm
耳朵ěrduoear
眼睛yǎnjīngeyes
jiǎofoot
tuǐleg
嘴巴zuǐbamouth
鼻子bízinose
美国MěiguóAmerica
英国YīngguóBritain
法国FǎguóFrance
英语YīngyǔEnglish language
黄河Huáng HéYellow River
美国人MěiguórénAmerican person
英国人YīngguórénEnglish person
法国人FǎguórénFrench person
德国Dé​guóGermany
德国人Dé​guórénGerman person
日本Rì​běnJapan
韩国Hán​guóKorea
泡菜pào​càipickled cabbage
墨西哥Mò​xī​gēMexico
加拿大Jiā​ná​dàCanada
夹克jiákèjacket
衬衫chènshānshirt
鞋子xiézishoes
裙子qúnziskirt
T恤衫tìxùshānt-shirt
袜子wàzisocks
裤子kùzipants
衣服yīfuclothing
西红柿xīhóngshìtomatowestern red persimmon
柿子shìzipersimmon
奶酪năilàocheese
hot
lěngcold
睡觉shuìjiàoto sleep
饺子jiǎozidumpling
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