American Architectural Home Styles
Learn about the history and key elements of America's most popular architectural home styles from colonial period to contemporary time.
a data set by art_geek
created May 12, 2017
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Which Home Style Is It?
Can you tell which main architectural style the house in the picture belongs to?
Home Styles Facts Connection
Connect each architectural home style with its place of origin and time of popularity in the United States.
Home Styles Flash Cards
This flash card game is designed to help you identify different home styles through their pictures and key features.
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|Style||Example||Key Features||Place of Origin||Time of Popularity in United States||Common Current Use|
|A-frame||Gable roof extending nearly to ground level; Floor plans often include a loft||Europe, China, and South Pacific Islands||Mid-1950s to 1970s||Vacation home|
|Art Deco||Flat roofs; Smooth stucco walls with rounded corners; Bold exterior decorations; Experimentation with new interior materials such as glass block, neon, chrome, mirrors and opaque glass panels||France||1920s to 1940s||Commercial buildings; Public buildings|
|Bungalow||Restrained details; Low-pitched roof; Front porch with heavy column supports; Usually one-and-a-half stories||Bengal region in South Asia||1900s to 1930s||Residential home|
|Cape Cod||Steep gable roof with small overhang; Symmetrical design with clapboard siding; Multi-pane, double-hung windows with shutters; Usually one-and-a-half stories without a porch||New England in the United States||Colonial period; 1930s to 1950s||Residential home|
|Chalet||Wood exterior with exposed beams and wide overhang; Decks and balconies; Vaulted ceilings and open floor plans||Alpine region in Europe||Late 19th century and early 20th century||Vacation home|
|Chateau||Ornate, steeply pitched roof; Dormers with parapets, pinnacles, or spires; Windows divided by heavy mullions; Stone, brick, or stucco exterior; Asymmetrical design||Loire Valley in France||1870s to 1890s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Colonial/Georgian Revival||Rectangular; A symmetrical façade with an accented doorway; Front door with sidelights and topped by transom windows; Evenly spaced windows on either side; 2-3 stories, with a gable roof||Original: Britain; Revival: United States||1880s to 1955||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Contemporary||Irregular massing; Clean lines and little ornamentation; Oversized windows; Natural, sustainable components; Recycled and nontoxic materials; Natural light||21st century||Commercial buildings; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Cottage||Asymmetrical design with multiple rooflines; Prominent chimney; Window boxes and shutters||Britain and Ireland||1920s to 1930s||Vacation home|
|Craftsman||Wide eaves with brackets or exposed rafters; Porch with square or round columns and stone supports; Low-pitched roof lines, gabled or hipped roof; 4-over-1 or 6-over-1 double-hung windows; Symmetrical design||Britain||1905 to 1930s||Residential home|
|Dutch Colonial Revival||Gambrel (barn-style) roof; Dutch doors; Double-hung windows with shutters; Chimney on one or both ends||Original: Netherlands and Germany; Revival: United States||Late 19th century to 1930s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Farmhouse||Wraparound porch; Symmetrical design; Gable roof; Horizontal siding and shutters||Scandinavia and Germany||Colonial period; 1930s||Residential home|
|Federal||Symmetrical two-story design with central doorway; Decorative roof over front door; Palladian windows||Britain||1780s to 1820s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|French Colonial||Raised basement; Exterior stairs; Distinctive, full-length veranda on a home's façade; Steep hipped roof, with a dormer or dormers, or side-gabled roof||France||Colonial period to 1860s||Residential home|
|French Provincial||Balanced, symmetrical proportions; Brick exterior; Steep roofs; Tall second-story windows (often with arched tops); Porches with substantial balustrades||Provence, France||1915 to 1945||Residential home|
|Georgian||Symmetrical shape; Decorative pediment supported by classical columns; Paired chimneys; Side-gabled or hipped roof||Britain||1725 to 1780s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Gothic Revival||Steeply pitched roof with cross gables; Pointed windows; Lacy wooden trim; Porch||Original: France; Revival: Britain||1840s to 1880s||Churches; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Greek Revival||Pediment over front entry; Cornice (heavy molding) just below edge of roof; Front porch with columns; Symmetrical shape||Original: Greece; Revival: Britain||1825 to 1860s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Italianate||Low-pitched or flat roof; Wide eaves with brackets; Tall, narrow windows; Square cupola; Heavy double doors; Symmetrical rectangular shape; Porches topped with balconies||Britain (with inspiration from Italy)||1840s to 1885||Residential home|
|Log||Walls built of stacked logs, or stick-built and faced with log siding; Lots of windows; Outdoor living spaces||Scandinavia, Russia, and Eastern Europe||Colonial period to 1880s||Vacation home|
|Mediterranean Revival||Rectangular floor plan; Massive, symmetrical primary façades. Stuccoed walls; Red tiled roofs; Windows in the shape of arches or circles; Wood or wrought iron balconies with window grilles; Articulated door surrounds||Spain, France, and Italy||1920s to 1930s||Commercial buildings; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Mid-Century Modern||Open living spaces; Simplistic design; Technologically advanced materials (iron, concrete, steel, and glass); Seamless integration of nature||1945 to 1980s||Commercial buildings; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Prairie||Low-pitched roof; Overhanging eaves; Horizontal lines; Windows grouped in horizontal bands; Open plans||Chicago, United States||1900s to 1920s||Residential home|
|Pueblo Revival||Walls are massive, with round edges; Flat roof with no overhang; Roof supported by heavy timbers extending through walls||Southwestern United States||1920s to 1930s||Commercial buildings; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Queen Anne||Asymmetrical massing; Dominant front-facing gable; Round or square towers; Ornamental spindles and brackets; Oval glass in the front door; Elaborate and intricately decorated porches; Varieties of patterns and sometimes quite vibrant colors||Britain||1880s to 1910s||Residential home|
|Ranch||Asymmetrical rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped design; Single story; Long, low roofline; Horizontal layout; Simple, open floor plan; Living areas separate from the bedroom(s) area; Large windows, often decorated with shutters||United States||1940s to 1970s||Residential home|
|Richardsonian Romanesque||Clear, strong picturesque massing; Masonry exterior (stone or brick); Round-headed "Romanesque" arches; Recessed entrances; Blank stretches of walling contrasting with bands of windows; Cylindrical towers with conical caps embedded in the walling||United States (with inspiration from France, Spain, and Italy)||1880s to 1900s||Churches; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Saltbox||Steeply pitched roof that reaches to first story in the back; Massive central chimney; Small windows of diamond paned casements or double-hung sash with 9 or 12 lights||New England in the United States||Colonial period to early 1700s||Residential home|
|Second Empire||Combination of a rectangular tower (or similar element) with a steep mansard roof; Tall windows; Elaborate decorative elements||France||1865 to 1800s||Commercial buildings; Public buildings; Residential home|
|Shed||Multiple rooflines; Shingle or vertical siding; Irregular windows; Recessed and downplayed front doorways||United States||1960s to 1980s||Residential home|
|Shingle||Irregular shape; Curved porches, turrets or towers; Deep porches; Shingle siding; Gambrel roofs||United States (with inspiration from Britain)||1880s to 1910s||Vacation home|
|Spanish Colonial Revival||Rectangular, courtyard, or L-plan; Horizontal massing; Stucco exterior; Low-pitched tile roof; Little or no overhanging eaves; Arches above doors, porch entries and windows; Interior or exterior courtyards||Original: Spain; Revival: United States||1915 to 1940s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Split Level||Low-pitched roof; Horizontal lines; Two-story unit divided at mid-height to a one-story wing to create three floor levels of interior space; Entry is landing leading upstairs or downstairs||United States||1950s to 1980s||Residential home|
|Stick||Vertical emphasis; Steep gable roofs with cross gables; Decorative wood trusses in the gable apexes; Overhanging eaves; Patterns of horizontal, vertical and diagonal boards (stickwork) applied to the wall surface; Large veranda or covered porch; Square or rectangular tower; Rectangular windows||Britain and Scandinavia||1860s to 1890s||Public buildings; Residential home|
|Townhouse||Row-house design; Two stories or more with a traditional layout; Side hallways; Minimal lawn space||Europe (following Dutch and Belgian models)||Late 18th century and early 19th century, and then gained popularity in the 1960s||Residential home|
|Tudor Revival||Stucco exterior; Decorative half-timber details; Steeply pitched roof; Tall, narrow, multi-paned windows; Overhanging first floors above pillared porches||Britain||1910s to 1940s||Residential home|