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25 Largest Empires in History

This list can help you get familiar with the 25 largest empires throughout history. You will learn each empire's origin, capital, first emperor, years of rise and fall, years of duration, map, as well as information regarding its maximum land area.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 7, 2017
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FAMILY TREE
EmpireOriginCapitalFirst EmperorFounding YearFounding Year DataEnd YearEnd Year DataDurationMaximum Land Area (million sq mi)Percent of World Land AreaYear of Maximum Land AreaMap
British EmpireUnited KingdomLondon James VI1603 AD16031997 AD199739413.7123.84%1920
Mongol EmpireMongoliaKarakorumGenghis Khan1206 AD12061368 AD13681629.2716.11%1270 or 1309
Russian EmpireRussiaSaint PetersburgPeter the Great1721 AD17211917 AD19171968.815.31%1895
Qing DynastyChinaShenyang, BeijingShunzhi Emperor1644 AD16441912 AD19122685.689.87%1790
Spanish EmpireIberian PeninsulaMadrid Ferdinand II of Aragon1492 AD14921975 AD19754835.299.20%1810
French Colonial EmpireFranceParisFrancis I of France1534 AD15341980 AD19804464.447.72%1920
Abbasid CaliphateArabian PeninsulaKufa, Baghdad, Ar-Raqqah, Samarra, CairoAs-Saffah750 AD7501517 AD15177674.297.45%750
Umayyad CaliphateArabian PeninsulaDamascus, HarranMuawiya I661 AD661750 AD750894.297.45%720
Yuan DynastyChina, MongoliaDaduKublai Khan1271 AD12711368 AD1368974.257.39%1310
Tang DynastyChinaChang'an, LuoyangLi Yuan (Emperor Gaozu of Tang)618 AD618907 AD9072894.157.22%669
Portuguese EmpirePortugalLisbon, Rio de JaneiroJoão I1415 AD14151999 AD19995844.026.98%1815
Xiongnu Eastern Asian Steppe Longcheng Modu Chanyu209 BC-209155 AD1553643.476.04%176 BC
Empire of BrazilBrazilRio de JaneiroPedro I of Brazil 1822 AD18221889 AD1889673.225.60%1889
Eastern Han DynastyChinaLuoyang, Chang'an, XuchangLiu Xiu (Emperor Guangwu of Han)25 AD25220 AD2201952.514.36%100
Ming DynastyChinaNanjing, BeijingZhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu Emperor)1368 AD13681644 AD16442762.514.36%1450
Rashidun CaliphateArabian PeninsulaMedina, KufaAbu Bakr632 AD632661 AD661292.474.30%655
Turkic KhaganateInner AsiaÖtükenBumin Khagan552 AD552744 AD7441922.324.03%557
Golden Horde KhanateCentral AsiaSarai BatuOrda Khan (White Horde)1240 AD12401502 AD15022602.324.03%1310
Western Han DynastyChinaChang'anLiu Bang (Emperor Gaozu of Han)206 BC-2069 AD92152.324.03%50 BC
Achaemenid EmpirePersiaVarious, including Pasargadae, Ecbatana, Persepolis, Susa, BabylonCyrus the Great550 BC-550330 BC-3302202.123.69%500 BC
Macedonian EmpireMacedonian KingdomPellaAlexander the Great334 BC-334323 BC-323112.013.49%323 BC
Ottoman EmpireAnatoliaSöğüt, Bursa, Edirne, ConstantinopleOsman I 1299 AD12991992 AD19926232.013.49%1683
Maurya EmpireAncient IndiaPataliputraChandragupta321 BC-321185 BC-1851361.933.36%250 BC
Roman EmpireGreece, ItalyRomeAugustus27 BC-27476 AD4765031.933.36%117
Tibetan EmpireTibetLhasaSongtsän Gampo618 AD618842 AD8422241.783.09%800