20 Influential Battles in History
This list provides information about 20 famous battles that greatly influenced the progress of history.
a data set by WorldExplorer
created January 8, 2017
Know the Basics of the Battles
In this game, please select all the boxes whose descriptions fit each battle.
Match Battles with Pictures
If you have gone to a history museum, you may have already seen paintings or photos of these influential battles. Now can you quickly recolonize each of them? (Hint: pay attention to the flags, clothes, and types of the art.)
Spell the Battle
Can you spell each battle name quickly and accurately? To help you get it started, one side of the battle and its commander(s) will be provided to you as a hint.
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|Battle||War||Battle Start Date||Battle End Date||Location||Participant 1 (Commander)||Participant 2 (Commander)||Result||Picture|
|Siege of Yorktown||American Revolution||September 29, 1781||October 19, 1781||Yorktown, Virginia, United States||United States - France (George Washington)||Great Britain (Lord Cornwallis )||Decisive Franco-American victory (End of major land operations in North America; Beginning of peace negotiations)|
|Battle of Hastings||Norman Conquest of England||October 14, 1066||October 14, 1066||Hastings, East Sussex, England||Normans (William of Normandy)||English (Harold Godwinson)||Decisive Norman victory (Marking the culmination of William's conquest of England)|
|Battle of Stalingrad||World War II||August 23, 1942||February 2, 1943||Stalingrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union||Germany - Italy - Romania - Hungary -Croatia (Friedrich Paulus)||Soviet Union (Georgy Zhukov)||Decisive Soviet victory (Destruction of the German 6th Army; Axis powers lose strategic initiative on the Eastern Front)|
|Battle of Leipzig||Napoleonic Wars||October 16, 1813||October 19, 1813||Leipzig, Saxony||First French Empire (Napoleon)||Sixth Coalition (Alexander I, Prince of Schwarzenberg)||Decisive Coalition victory (The Confederation of the Rhine dissolves; Napoleon loses control of the territories east of the Rhine)|
|Battle of Antietam||American Civil War||September 17, 1862||September 17, 1862||Sharpsburg, Maryland, United States||Union (George B. McClellan)||Confederacy (Robert E. Lee)||Strategic Union victory (Halting Confederacy's invasion of Maryland; Lincoln's announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation)|
|Battle of Cajamarca||Spanish Conquest of Peru||November 16, 1532||November 16, 1532||Cajamarca, Inca Empire||Spanish Empire (Francisco Pizarro)||Inca Empire (Atahualpa)||Decisive Spanish victory (Capture of Atahualpa; Fall of the Inca Empire)|
|Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki||World War II||August 6, 1945||August 9, 1945||Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan||United States||Japan||Allied victory (Acceleration of Japan's surrender to the Allies)|
|Huaihai Campaign||Chinese Civil War||November 6, 1948||January 10, 1949||Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan||Republic of China (Liu Chih)||Communist Party (Liu Bocheng)||Decisive Communist victory (Communists occupy areas north of Yangtse River)|
|Battle of Waterloo||Napoleonic Wars||June 18, 1815||June 18, 1815||Waterloo, Belgium||First French Empire (Napoleon)||Seventh Coalition (Duke of Wellington, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher)||Decisive Coalition victory (End of Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French; End of the First French Empire)|
|Battle of Vienna||Austria-Ottoman Wars||September 12, 1683||September 12, 1683||Vienna, Holy Roman Empire||Christian Coalition (John III Sobieski)||Ottoman Empire (Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa Pasha)||Decisive Christian Coalition victory (Ottomans suffer heavy losses and are severely weakened; Coalition of Christians establishes Holy League under Pope Innocent XI to further push back the Ottomans)|
|Battle of Guadalcanal||World War II||August 7, 1942||February 9, 1943||Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands||Allied forces (Robert L. Ghormley, Alexander A. Vandegrift)||Empire of Japan (Isoroku Yamamoto)||Strategic Allied victory (Beginning of Allied Offensive Operations in the Pacific)|
|Battle of Gettysburg||American Civil War||July 1, 1863||July 3, 1863||Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, United States||Union (George G. Meade)||Confederacy (Robert E. Lee)||Decisive Union victory (The turning point of the American Civil War)|
|Battle of Trafalgar||Napoleonic Wars||October 21, 1805||October 21, 1805||Cape Trafalgar, Spain||United Kingdom (Horatio Nelson)||French Empire - Kingdom of Spain (Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli)||Decisive British victory (End of French Empire's plan to invade England; Confirming British Empire's naval supremacy)|
|Battle of Saragarhi||Tirah Campaign||September 12, 1897||September 12, 1897||Tirah, North-West Frontier Province, British India||British Empire (Havildar Ishar Singh)||Afghan Pashtuns (Gul Badshah)||Afghan Pashtun military victory (The destruction of Saragarhi); British Indian strategic victory (The recapturing of the post by another British Indian contingent)|
|Battle of Midway||World War II||June 4, 1942||June 7, 1942||Midway Atoll||United States (Chester W. Nimitz)||Japan (Isoroku Yamamoto)||Decisive American victory (Devastating damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet; A turning point in the Pacific War)|
|Battle of Britain||World War II||July 10, 1940||October 31, 1940||British airspace||United Kingdom - Canada (Hugh Dowding)||Germany - Italy (Hermann Göring)||Decisive allied victory (Marking the first major defeat of Hitler's military forces; The rebuilding of Britain's military forces and the establishment of Britain as an Allied stronghold; The shift in American opinion)|
|Battle of Naseby||English Civil War||June 14, 1645||June 14, 1645||Naseby, Northamptonshire, England||Parliamentarians (Sir Thomas Fairfax, Oliver Cromwell)||Royalists (Charles I of England)||Decisive Parliamentarian victory (The loss of resources for Royalists to field an army of comparable quality again; End of the First English Civil War within a year)|
|Battles of Lexington and Concord||American Revolutionary War||April 19, 1775||April 19, 1775||Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States||Massachusetts (John Parker)||Great Britain (Francis Smith)||Strategic American victory (British forces succeed in destroying cannon and supplies in Concord; Militia successfully drive British back to Boston; Start of the American Revolutionary War)|
|Battle of Agincourt||Hundred Years' War||October 25, 1415||October 25, 1415||Azincourt, Pas-de-Calais, France||Kingdom of England (Henry V)||Kingdom of France (Charles I of Albret)||Decisive English victory (Start of a new period in the war; The establishment of the legitimacy of the Lancastrian monarchy)|
|Battle of Tours||Umayyad invasion of Gaul||October 10, 732||October 10, 732||Between Tours and Poitiers, France||Francia (Charles Martel)||Umayyad Caliphate (Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi)||Decisive Frankish victory (Withdrawal of the Umayyad army)|